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Terms in this set (26)

Kohlberg's theory on moral development (how adolescents think about right and wrong):

Overall idea - people's moral decisions move from heavily influenced by external reasons to more complex influence of multiple perspectives.

Level 1 - Preconventional Reasoning (before 9 years of age)
Stage 1: Punishment & Obedience Orientation - moral thinking is tied to punishment

Stage 2: Individualism, instrumental purpose, & exchange - What's right involves equal exchange
"What's in it for me?"
Level 2 - Conventional Reasoning (early adolescence)

Stage 3: Mutual interpersonal expectations, relationships, & interpersonal conformity - Individuals value trust, caring, & loyalty to others as basis for moral judgment (adopt parent's moral standards to be "good girl/boy.").
Most adolescents are in Level 2, Stage 3, but many waiver between stage 2-4

Stage 4: Social Systems morality - moral judgments based on social order, law, justice, and duty (for a community to work effectively, it needs to be protected by laws that are adhered to by its members).
Interesting statistic - only 62% of 36 year olds
NOTICE: moral decisions go beyond intimate acquaintances to larger understanding of being a good citizen.
Level 3: Postconventional Reasoning - Morality is more internal

Stage 5: Social contract & individual rights - values, rights, and principles transcend the law. A person evaluates the validity of laws and examines social systems in terms of the degree in which they protect human rights.
Appears around age 20-22. but never characterized more that 10% of individuals

Stage 6: Universal ethical principles - moral based in universal human rights. When faced with conflict between conscience and law, person will follow conscience even when it involves personal risk.
Very few people get to this stage
Recently removed from Kohlberg's scoring manual, but remains theoretically important to understanding moral development.