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Politics of Canada
AP Comparative Gov BRIT FINAL 9.2
Terms in this set (94)
Alternate voting (AV)
a referendum that would have allowed voters to rank candidates on the ballot in order of preference. If after a first round no candidate had more than 50% of the votes, the votes of the least popular candidate would be redistributed. This would continue until someone crosses the 50% mark.
The rear benches in the House of Commons where junior members of Parliament sit behind government officeholders and their counterparts in the opposition party
provided for a social insurance program that made all citizens eligible for health, unemployment, pension, and other benefits.
David Cameron's vision that is energized by grassroots volunteers and private organizations, no longer harnessed by "big government".
Prime Minister from 1997 until 2007. He created a "New Labour Party"
British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)
the media monopoly that was controlled by the government during the collective consensus era that was used to educate citizens and was usually respectful of government officials
British National Party
a far right party who has been overtly anti-Semitic and focused its platform against Muslims in Britain.
Prime Minister from 2007 - 2010 when the Labour Party was defeated by the coalition of the Conservative Party and Liberal Democrats
current prime minister of Great Britain. Head of the coalition formed by the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats in Parliament
meetings of people from the same area or of like mind
political culture in Britain that was characterized by trust, deference to authority and competence, pragmatism, and harmony as related by the 1960s political scientists - Almond and Verba
called for nationalization of the commanding heights of British industry by the Labour Party
leader of the Liberal Democrats who formed a coalition government with David Cameron and is now the deputy prime minister.
sense of unity during and after World War II that helped bring about the welfare state.
the cabinet does not vote but publicly supports the prime minister's public policy for the country. This is important for the stability of the government.
The Commission (EU)
has one member from each state of the EU. It initiates and implements new programs.
dominant party between World War II and 1997. It is the main party on the right that supported a market controlled economy, privatization, and fewer social welfare programs
"Constitution of the Crown"
a "constitution" that has evolved over time, with important documents, common law, and customs.
The Council of Ministers (EU)
consists of foreign ministers, finance ministers, the president of France, and all the prime ministers of the other members. They pass any laws initiated by the EU Commission
how relatively dissimilar one group of people are from another group's beliefs and ideas within a country.
Democratic Unionist Party
Northern Ireland party led by Protestant clergymen
the loss of direct control of political decisions by the people
the turning over of some political powers to regional government.
EC - European Community
established in 1965 which also concentrated on economic issues and the peaceful use of atomic energy.
a theory that favors open, free markets unlike economic nationalism that seeks to protect national economic interests from the uncertainty of free markets.
Economic structural adjustment
A type of credit facility that helps developing countries become more economically self-sufficient. _________ are intended to reduce the current account debt of a debtor nation, as opposed to financing a new project. They do this by allowing the debtor nation to reschedule principal payments to a later date.
EEC - European Economic Community
also known as the Common Market. It called for the elimination of all tariffs between European nations and the creation of new ones that applied to all.
The English Bill of rights
a document signed in 1688 by William and Mary that lists rights retained by Parliament but not individual citizens. It gave Parliament the power of the purse
those who oppose the EU because they feel that integration weakens the nation state.
European Central Bank
supranational authority to influence the economic policies of the member-states
Established in 2004. It replaced the overlapping treaties that govern EU member-states, their interactions, and to streamline decision-making.
European Court of Justice
Supreme Court of the EU and it has judicial review. It also settles disputes among its member-states.
MEPs directly elected by people from member nations. May propose amendments to legislation, and reject proposals from the Council.
European Monetary Union
this organization has the power to set basic interest rates and other fiscal policies. It is also in charge of the Euro, the EU's common currency.
"first among equals"
phrase describing the Prime minister as the chairman or head of a cabinet.
"first past the post" voting system
British nickname for the plurality electoral system.
involved setting policy regarding visas, asylum, and immigration for the member nations of the EU.
The Good Friday Agreement
1998 agreement that allowed Northern Ireland a regional government in which all parties would be represented by proportional representation.
consists of the MPs on the first rows of the majority party side who are the most important policymakers as long as they hold power
the principle or policy of achieving a goal, as political or economic, by gradual steps rather than by sudden and drastic innovation.
members of the House of Lords who held seats that were passed down through family ties.
the power of a local city or county to set up its own system of governing. This refers to the split from England by Ireland after World War I.
the feeling of separation from the continent of Europe.
a parliament in which no party gains a majority and a coalition government must be formed. This occurred in 2010.
Irish Republican Army
Irish group that used guerilla warfare tactics to convince the British to allow Irish independence.
a nickname that has frequently been used to describe female heads of government around the world. The term describes a "strong willed" woman. It was used to describe Margaret Thatcher.
economic theory in which the government took action to secure full employment, expand social services, maintain a steady rate of growth, and keep prices stable.
created in 1906 to represent the rights of the newly enfranchised working man.
five members of the House of Lords who until 2009 served as the highest court of appeals but could never rule acts of Parliament unconstitutional.
Liberal Democratic Alliance
Strong third party in the 1980's but was unable to gain the majority due to Britain's SMP Election system.
the philosophy that emphasizes political and economic freedoms for the individual and the market.
people appointed to the House of Lords to nonhereditary positions as a result of distinguished service.
signed in 2007 to consolidate previous treaties with the following goals: stronger EU parliament, greater involvement of national parliaments, clarification of the relationship between member-states and the EU, withdrawal from the EU, create a permanent president, and establish a charter of Fundamental Rights.
runner up party at the polls.
signed in 1215 by King John which placed restrictions on the power of the monarchs by the nobles.
1991 - created the modern EU and gave it authority in new areas, including monetary policy, foreign affairs, national security, transportation, the environment, justice, and tourism.
members of the European Parliament who are directly elected by the people of their respective countries.
current leader of the Labour Party in Parliament.
the control of the money supply
inflation plus unemployment
different nations in the past but united under one government today.
a pattern in which interest groups take the lead and sometimes dominate the state
term that describes the revival of classic liberal values that support low levels of government regulation, taxation, and social expenditures and the protection of individual property rights.
the duty of the upper classes to take responsibility for the lower classes
Organization for Petroleum Exporting Countries
description by elite classes that attended either Oxford or Cambridge universities.
the principle which states that parliament's decisions are final and has limited the development of judicial review.
Plurality voting system
the person who gets the most votes gets the position.
major party of Wales
Politics of protest
the tendency to disagree openly and sometimes violently with the government
where the majority of people are employed in the service or tertiary sector such as health care, business and legal services, or education.
Post - modernism
a set of values that emphasizes quality of life over concern for material gain such as the preservation of environment and the promotion of health care and education.
quasi-autonomous nongovernmental organizations or policy advisory boards appointed by the government. They along with government officials develop public policy. Examples include British Nuclear Fuels, The UK Film Council, the Audit Commission, and the Forestry Commission.
an hour in which the prime minister and his cabinet ministers must defend themselves against the opposition or even members of their own party.
a system of well-established laws and procedures
constituencies from where the party almost always wins. Party leaders tend to represent these districts.
Scottish National Party
Major party in Scotland
a group of senior members of the political party that is out of power; these members would probably assume corresponding positions as ministers in the British Cabinet if their party was elected
the political arm of the IRA
Social Market Economy
practiced by continental Western Europe that is team oriented and emphasizes cooperation between management and organized labor. There is also universal health care, day care for children, and generous pensions for government workers.
unity or agreement of feeling or action, esp. among individuals with a common interest; mutual support within a group.
Sovereign debt crises
this identifies the struggle between economic liberalism and economic nationalism. It was exemplified with the near collapse of the Greek economy in 2010. This lead the EU to bailout Greece and controversies erupted over the right of strong economies within the EU to use taxes to help out poor economies
Speaker of the House
presides over debates. He is supposed to be objective and often is not a member of the majority party.
is a type of multi-national organization where negotiated power is delegated to an
authority by governments of member states. Examples include: Concert of Europe, League of Nations, and the United Nations.
the conservative, capitalist backlash to the strong welfare state that was established after World War II led by Margaret Thatcher.
The third way
a centrist alternative to the old Labour Party on the left and the Conservative Party on the right.
spheres of authority established by the Maastricht Treaty. They include trade and economic matters, justice and home affairs, and common foreign and security policy.
name given to those who supported King Charles II in the 17th century. They eventually became the Conservatives. This nickname is still used today.
Trade Union Congress
represents a coalition of unions which has a great deal of clout with government policy.
Treaty of Amsterdam
signed in 1997 by the EU nations that set major policy initiatives for judicial affairs. Its aim was to establish the free movement of EU citizens and help define cooperation among national police forces and judicial authorities in combating crime.
UK Independent Party
political party that has focused more on its opposition to British membership in the European Union
"vote of no confidence"
when the party in the majority loses the support of its own members on key votes, then by tradition the cabinet must resign immediately, and elections for new MPs must be held as soon as possible
an acceptance of by a nation's people for the government to provide public benefits such as education, health care, and transportation.
name given to those who opposed King Charles II in the 17h century. It eventually became the Liberal Party.
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