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A period of rapid growth in the speed and convenience of travel because of new methods of transportation in the 1800s, which created a boom in business across the country
An American that built the first full-sized commercial steamboat, the Clermont, which successfully traveled against the current up the Hudson River without trouble on August 9, 1807
Gibbons v. Ogden
An 1824 Supreme Court case in which the Court reinforced the federal government's authority to regulate trade between the states by ending monopolistic control over waterways in several states
An American that built a small but powerful locomotive, the Tom Thumb, in 1830 and raced it against a horse-drawn railcar
Samuel F. B. Morse
An American that, by studying electricity and magnetism, developed and perfected the telegraph in 1832
A system in which different combinations of dots and dashes represent each letter of the alphabet
A blacksmith that invented the steel plow in 1837 and by 1846 was selling 1,000 plows per year
An inventor that developed the mechanical reaper (which quickly and efficiently cut down wheat) in 1831 and used new methods--including advertisement, demonstrations, a repair and spare parts department, and a system of credit--to encourage sales
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