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Terms in this set (66)
What are the anterior surface landmarks of the respiratory system?
angle of louis
What are the posterior surface landmarks of the respiratory system?
What makes up the angle of louis?
trachael bifurcation (L and R bronchi)
Where is the vertebrae prominens located?
What are the structures of the thoracic cavity?
There is a _____ and _____ pleura.
The right lung has ______ lobes. What are they?
The left lung has _____ lobes. What are they?
What is the function of the thoracic cavity?
Respiration is the exchange of ____ and _____. What are the 2 types.
During INSPIRATION the diaphragm moves ______. The lungs ______. The intercostals ______ and the accessory muscles that are used are located in the ______.
During EXPIRATION the diaphragm _____, the lungs ______, the intercostals ______ and the accessory muscles that are used are located in the ______.
Amount of air inhaled and exhaled at rest
rest to maximal inspiration
inspiratory reserve volume
rest to maximal expiration
expiratory reserve volume
air left in the lung after forced expiration
start of inhalation to max inspiration
TV + IRV
amount of gas in lung below TV
functional residual capacity
RV + ERV
How do you calculate total lung capacity?
IRV + TV+ ERV + RV
______ maintains lung pressure at rest. It increases in what? What is this due to?
FRC is increased in _______ such as ______ and decreased in _______.
amount of air exhaled after maximal inhalation
forced vital capacity (FVC)
Forced expiratory volume (FEV1)
percent of predicted value
______ estimates severity of obstruction
Forced expiratory volume >_____ is normal. <______ indicates an airway obstruction
Maximal air flow rate on forced expiration
Peak Expiratory Flow (PEF) "Peak Flow"
Meters are _____ and _____.
Peak Flow Meters are used to create an ________.
asthma action plan
PEF >80% personal best, resume ____.
PEF 50%-80%. Use ______.
PEF < 50% - Medical Emergency!
good control, continue present therapy
caution, moderate exacerbation, wheezing, SHOB, use SABA
poor control, severe exacerbation, medical alert, severe wheezing and SHOB, use SABA and call 911
Recurrent, episodic inflammatory disease
Asthma involves _______ cells. Name them.
Response to external or internal stimuli
Is asthma reversible?
What are signs of asthma?
decrease FEV1/FVC ratio
What are symptoms of asthma?
What are risk factors for asthma?
irritants (tobacco smoke)
How is asthma classified?
frequency of symptoms
persistent (mild, moderate, severe)
How is asthma treated?
short acting beta agonists such as albuterol
long acting beta agonists + inhaled corticosteroids such as Advair
Chronic progressive respiratory disorder
COPD is a result of _______.
COPD also involves ___________. Cycle of airway wall damage and repair leads to _____.
With COPD you see an increase in ______.
What is the primary cause of COPD?
What are signs of Chronic Bronchitis?
chronic productive cough
frequent respiratory infections
hypoxia, edema (blue bloaters)
What are signs of Emphysema
chronic cough (may be non-productive)
prolonged expiration (pink puffers)
accessory muscle breathing
COPD staging is when FEV1/FVC <_____%
FEV1 > 80%
FEV1 <30% OR <50% with respiratory failure
What are COPD risk factors
genetic (alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency)
How is COPD treated?
Short acting bronchodilators such as albuterol, ipratropium
Long acting bronchodilators such as salmeterol or tiotropium
Inflammation of lungs due to bacterial infection
There are different types of pneumonia, what are they?
community acquired pneumonia
hospital acquired (nosocomial) pneumonia
What are risk factors for pneumonia?
What are signs of pneumonia?
What are symptoms of pneumonia?
How do you treat pneumonia?
Consolidation is due to increased ________ and ______. Localized in a single lobe.
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