Important extracts from the Albertine Statute of 1848
The state is governed by a representative monarchical government. The throne is hereditary.
The legislative power shall be exercised collectively by the King and the two houses, the Senate and the House of Deputies
The person of the King is sacred and inviolable.
To the King alone belongs the executive power. He is the supreme head of the state; commands all land and naval forces; declares war; makes treaties of peace, alliance, commerce, and other treaties, communicating them to the Houses as soon as the interest and security of the state permit, accompanying such notice with opportune explanations. Treaties involving financial obligations or alterations of the territory of the state shall not take affect until after they have received approval of the Houses.
The King appoints to all the offices of the state, and makes the necessary decrees and regulations for the exclusion of the laws, without suspending their execution or granting exemptions from the law.
The King alone approves and promulgates the laws.
All inhabitants of the kingdom, whatever their rank or title, are equal before the law. All shall enjoy civil and political rights, and shall be eligible to civil and military office, except as otherwise provided by the law.
Individual liberty is guaranteed. None shall be arrested or brought to trial except in the cases provided for and according to the forms prescribed in law.
Property of all kinds whatsoever is inviolable. In all cases, however, where the public welfare, legally ascertained, requires it, property may be taken and transferred in whole or in part, upon payment of a just indemnity in accordance with law.
The right to assemble peaceably and without arms in recognized, subject, however, to the laws that may regulate the exercise of this privilege in the interest of the public welfare.
The elective house shall be composed of deputies chosen by the electoral districts as provided by the law.
The king appoints and dismisses his ministers.
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