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History Test Johnston VOCAB NOT QUESTIONS
Terms in this set (38)
What the English Noblemen made King John sign to give them basic rights. Rights were a privilege back then. Not everyone had them.
Enlightenment philosopher who influenced the founding fathers, also came up with the laws of nature.
He was a president, the first secretary of state, and he wrote the declaration of independence.
One of the Firebrands of the American revolution. He was an organizer and he brought people together and got information around the colonies.
It was a tax law that said colonists had to buy special stamped paper for printed items.
Boston Tea Party
When the Sons of Liberty threw 15,000 pounds of tea into Boston Harbor to protest the 1773 tea act where King George gave the East India Tea Company a monopoly on tea for the colonial tea business and all the local tea merchants went out of business.
When King George shuts down Boston Harbor, and quarters troops in Boston in 1774.
Committees of Correspondence
Groups of prominent citizens from each colony who wrote back and forth and helped each other out with problems they were having. Became friends and connected the colonies. Set up by Sam Adams
Sons of Liberty
Set up by Sam Adams, a rebel activist group that poured tea into Boston Harbor.
He made an engraving of the Boston Massacre that stirred a lot of people into action out of anger. Also completed his famous midnight ride. "The British are coming!"
Enforced the idea of mercantilism, which is the way that the British got their money by having more imports than exports.
First Continental Congress
First Continental Congress (CAN SOMEONE ADD THIS I DO NOT HAVE INFO)
The age of science and reason
Taxes on goods, soldiers had to defend officers/tax collectors
Colonists are forced to house soldiers. Meant to put out the small revolutions.
First Continental Army
It was a army led by Ex-British soldiers (like George Washington) It was mostly farmers, not professionals. It was basically a militia that were loyalists.
King George III
He was the king during the Revolution and lost. He (with the parliament) passed many taxes/laws to make colonists seem beneath him but it just made them angrier. (NEED MORE INFO)
The postmaster of the colonies, help create better roads between colonies.
Cousin of Samual Adams, Was a lawyer in Boston, Defended the soliders in Boston Massacre
Ex-solider from the british army, first president
Propaganda written by Thomas Paine (NEED MORE INFO)
A deal or agreement between the people and the government. The people give up some of their rights in order to have the government protect some of their other rights.
The ability to rule, given from the people , not from God. This was huge because in England, kings were given right to rule from God and they were saying that it was from the people
Life, liberty, property
state of nature
Where there is no government
When people refuse to buy or handle goods as a punishment or protest.
A military group formed by people with no formal training. Example is Continental Army
People who think that England/ the king has the right to rule over the colonies
People who want to be free from England.
Someone who speaks for a group of people
An authoritarian leader who gives no rights to the people
A sometimes biased or misleading piece of information that is widespread and tries to make people think one thing.
When someone seems to rebel or have actions against the leader/monarch
writs of assistance
Search warrant that allowed officials to go through homes/ships/etc. to look for contraband→ made colonists unhappy
Court where people were tried from the colonies. They would normally be tried locally, but the people there were sympathetic but if they were brought to England, the jury would be objective.
it is a law that requires a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court
The Laws Passed [Just more info :)]
1763 Proclamation Line prohibits western expansion west of App Mts.
Colonists think it unfair and many violate the treaty by moving there anyway.
1765 Stamp Act -Britain passes Stamp Act, a tax law requiring colonists to purchase special stamped paper for printed items.
Colonists harass stamp distributors, boycott British goods, and prepare a Declaration of Rights and Grievances. (Britain repeals Stamp Act in 1766 but passes Declaratory Act that asserted its right to make laws in the colonies.)
1767 Townshend Acts -Britain taxes certain imported goods (glass, paint, lead, paper and tea) and stations troops at major colonial ports to protect customs officers.
Colonists protest "taxation without representation" and organize a new boycott of imported goods.
1770 Boston Massacre - British troops stationed in Boston are taunted by angry mob. Troops fire into crowd killing five men
Colonial agitators label the conflict a "massacre" and publish a dramatic engraving depicting the violence.
1773 Tea Act Britain gives the East India Company a monopoly on the colonial tea business and shuts out colonial merchants
Sons of Liberty in Boston rebel, dumping 15,000 pounds of tea into Boston Harbor.
1774 "Intolerable Acts" - King George tightens control over Massachusetts by closing harbor and quartering troops in Boston.
Colonial leaders form the First Continental Congress and draws up a declaration of colonial rights.
1775 General Gage orders troops to march to Concord Massachusetts and seize control of weapons
Minutemen intercept the British and engage in Battles of Lexington and Concord.
1775 Britain refuses to accept Olive Branch Petition urging a return to "the former harmony".
1776 Tom Paine writes "Common Sense" and influences public in support of colonists.Thomas Jefferson writes Declaration of Independence.