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To Kill a Mockingbird: Part 2 (Chapters 12-31)
Terms in this set (75)
What is Jem's advice for Scout at the beginning of this chapter?
That she needs to start acting like a girl and leave him alone
Why didn't Dill show up this summer?
He was going to stay in meridian with his father in order to build a fishing boat
Explain what happens when the children attend church with Calpurnia.
The people showed gestures of respect; they welcomed them
As described by Scout, Lula is "Bullet-headed with strange almond-shaped eyes, straight nose and an Indian-bow mouth; very tall; she is rude, as she did not welcome Jem and Scout and insulted them
What was the collection in church going towards?
Helen Robinson, who was Tom's wife, and her children
What has Tom Robinson been accused of and by whom?
He has been accused of raping Mayella Ewell by Bob Ewell
Explain why Calpurnia acts one way around her friends and another way around the Finch's.
She works for the Finch's, so she treats them with a lot of respect and is formal; she wants to fit in with her friends
Who arrives at the Finch's house at the end of this chapter?
Why is Scout's aunt there?
She feels Jem and Scout need "feminine influence"; she wants to teach them how to be Finch's
Scout's aunt; sexist, stuck-up, and rude; she cares too much about what others think of her
How does Scout's aunt treat her, and how does she expect Scout to act?
She treats her very disrespectfully; she wants Scout to act "lady-like" and proper
Explain how Atticus is different from his sister.
He does not really care if Scout is "lady-like" or not, rather he cares about her personality, making sure she is not like everyone else in town (rude, believing in rumours, racist) and he does not "discipline" his children; his sister believes she should raise his children to be how everyone else will want them to be
How does Aunt Alexandra feel about Calpurnia? Explain why this is "in character" for Aunt Alexandra.
She is annoyed and wants to "let her go" (fire her) because she wants to take charge and take care of them; also, she is racist, so she would not want her brother's children to be raised by a black woman
Why is Scout so happy about the brawl with Jem?
Since Jem has matured, he has started to think he is better than anyone else; after she beats him up, she feels like they are even again
Explain how Jem "broke the remaining code of our childhood."
He told Atticus that Dill was there, which was something very mature of him, and Scout did not like that, as she is only nine years old.
Dill tries to explain to Scout why he did not want to stay with his mother and stepfather. State his reasons briefly in your own words.
Dill feels that his parents aren't interested in him and they do just fine without him, as it seems they do not care much about him.
Why are some citizens angry with Atticus?
He was defending Tom Robinson, who was a black man*
Name at least 3 people who support Atticus in his decision to represent Tom Robinson.
Dill, Scout, and Jem
In return to Scout's question about when Jem could boss her around, what does Atticus say? How does Scout feel when he says this?
He says he can only tell her what to do if he can make her; Happy
Explain how Atticus knows how to handle himself in a difficult situation.
He seemed to remain calm while people were trying to shoot at him
Name the three people that came to the rescue for Atticus at the courthouse and explain what they did to help him.
Scout kicks one of the men and makes them back off; Jem and Dill made Walter Cunningham put himself in Atticus's shoes and made him stop
Define the following terms: akimbo (adj.), elucidate (v)
akimbo- with the hands on the hip and elbows are outward; elucidate- to explain/ make something clear
Why does Miss Maudie refuse to attend the court proceedings with the rest of the community?
She does not find it entertaining to watch a man fight for his life in court
How did Atticus explain the fact that Scout broke up the crowd the night before? What did Scout make Walter Cunningham do?
He thanked her and told her that Walter got placed in Atticus's shoes and he finally stopped because of it, as he wouldn't want his children to go through the same.
Who is Mr. Dolphus Raymond?
A man who drinks out of a sack; likes "colored folks" and feels they are better than whites; has a black wife and "mixed" children
How does Jem define mixed children?
"...half white, half colored" and that "...they're real sad" since "they don't belong anywhere"
Where did Jem and Scout sit at the courthouse and why?
They sat on the balcony, which was the segregated section of the courthouse, because there weren't any seats downstairs
Scout describes him: "a sleepy old shark, his pilot fish writing rapidly below in front of him": "amiable, white-haired, slightly ruddy-faced"; he seemed to take his job casually
Who was the first person called to the witness stand?
Mr. Heck Tate
The sheriff that says what kind of injuries he saw that Mayella had
Atticus spends a great deal of time discussing Mayella Ewell's injuries. What specific points is he trying to reveal to the jury?
Her injury was on the right side of her face
The Ewells are "poor white trash." Explain this term according to what you know about the way they live and the kind of people they have appeared to be up to this point.
They do not take care of themselves and rely on committing felonies and crimes in order to be able to eat
Describe Mr. Ewell and how he acts on the witness stand.
Not classy and immoral; he gets in trouble with the Judge and uses language; "white trash"
What point did Atticus raise when he was cross-examining Mr. Ewell?
That Mr. Ewell could have beat up Mayella
Explain what Scout thought was unusual about Mayella's appearance.
She looked very clean
How old is Mayella?
Nineteen and a half
What does Mayella take offense to?
How Atticus is calling her "ma'am"; she thinks he is making fun of her
What does Mayella do at the beginning of her testimony to soften up Judge Taylor?
She sobs saying she didn't want to be treated how Atticus treated her father
Explain Mayella's testimony. What was the side of the story of what took place?
She was on the porch trying to kindle a fire with a chiffarobe and Tom came along, so she asked him to do it for her. Then, she went to grab money to pay for him, but when she came back, he chased after her and took advantage of her. Her father then came and she fainted.
When did the incident of Mayella being beaten occur?
When did the trial take place?
Summer because they got a reprieve
What key points did Atticus try to emphasize or bring out about Mayella?
She hesitated when he asked her if her father has ever beaten her, but she says he has never touched her
What question made Mayella falter in her answer?
If Tom had hit her
What is visually noticeable about Tom when he stands up in the courtroom?
He is crippled, as his left arms is a foot shorter than his right and his left hand is shriveled; he got his hand caught in a cotton gin when he was a boy
What does the Judge do?
He brought a cigar with him, began eating it, and spit it out.
What point did Atticus try to prove about Bob Ewell, while Mayella was on the stand?
He ask to right his name out and he was left-handed and the right side of Mayella's face was beaten, so he could have done it
What bothered Atticus after he finished questioning Mayella?
She was screaming and yelling, yet nobody came to help her.
Who spots Jem, Dill, and Scout in the balcony?
What background information does Atticus point out about Tom when he is first called to the stand? Why?
He got in trouble with the law before getting with another man when the man tried to beat him up; he was showing the jury he has nothing to hide
During Tom's testimony, what does Scout realize about Mayella?
She was terribly lonely; Tom was the only person who treated her with real kindness
Explain Tom's account of what happened that night.
When Tom was going home, he passed the Ewell place, which seemed awfully quiet. Mayella asked him to come in to fix a door, even though nothing seemed wrong with it. After he fixed it, he tried to leave, but Mayella asked him to get something down from the top of a wardrobe. Then, when he stood on a chair to get it, she grabbed his legs from behind; he jumped in fright, knocking the chair over. When he turned around, Mayella hugged and kissed him Mayella kissed him, clarifying that she'd never kissed an adult man before, and that what her father does to her doesn't count. Mr. Ewell saw them together and yelled at Tom. Finally, he ran away as fast as he could.
What did Tom say Mayella said about saving money?
She saved up her nickels for a year to buy all seven of her siblings ice cream
Who speaks out on Tom's behalf and why?
Mr. Link Deas; he says that Tom has worked for him for eight years and never caused any trouble/harm
Explain why you think Tom ran that night.
He knew most white people would assume he was guilty no matter what; he couldn't have pushed Mayella since he knew he would get killed
Explain Dill's reaction at Mr. Gilmer's cross-examination.
He started crying and couldn't stop; he did not like the way Mr. Gilmer was talking to Tom
What is the truth revealed about Dolphus Raymond? Why does he put up this front?
He doesn't actually drink whiskey out of a sack, it's actually Coca-Cola. The reason why he says this is because he has a black wife and children, it gives people an excuse for his bad behavior.
What did Atticus do that was so much out of his character and why does he do this?
He unbuttoned his vest, loosened his tie, and took his coat off; this is the only situation where he is not able to remain calm
Why does Atticus pity Mayella? What does he feel was her only crime?
She was a lonely young woman; Her crime was that she lured a black man into the house to receive her first kiss, breaking a "rigid and time-honored" code and then destroyed the evidence of her offense.
In Atticus's closing argument, what point did Atticus make about the equality of man?
Every race of mankind does things they shouldn't: lie, harm, or hurt. However, it is not something just one race does, so the people of Maycomb shouldn't disrespect blacks.
Why does Atticus agree to let Jem and Scout return to the courtroom?
They already heard the worst, so they might as well hear the verdict that would be heard from the townspeople the next day.
What was Rev. Sykes opinion of the trial and in what way was he being realistic?
Even though Jem was certain Atticus and Tom would win, Reverend Sykes states he has never seen any jury favor a colored man over a white man, and since they have no precedent, it will most likely not occur since the town is racist.
What was the verdict of Tom's trial?
Tom is guilty
What was the opinion of the people in the balcony, how was this exemplified?
They honored with respect and admiration Atticus as they stood up when he was leaving the courtroom
What was Jem's reaction to the outcome of the trial?
He was extremely upset, as he was certain they would win; he started crying
What is Miss Maudie's opinion of Atticus and how is this shown?
No other person would have kept the Jury out for such a long time for a black man's case; he was many supporters, even though the people of Maycomb can't really notice
Why did Judge Taylor pick Atticus to defend Tom? Who was originally supposed to be the defense attorney?
He knew Atticus could make a dent in Maycomb's racist views; Maxwell Green
What does Bob Ewell do to Atticus and why?
He spat on Atticus's face and said he would get him for the rest of his life; Atticus shred his last piece of credibility at that trial
What is Aunt Alex's response when Scout wants to invite Walter over and why?
She says, "We'll see about that," which Scout knew was a threat and not a promise. She then explained that they are not "[their] kind of folks," like "fiddlin'," have a tendency of drinking, and "Finch women aren't interested in them." Aunt Alexandra's last comment is that they are trash.
According to Jem, what are the four (4) types of people?
The ordinary kind (like the Finches), the kind like the Cunninghams, the kind like the Ewells, and the Negroes
According to Scout, what is the world made up of? Explain the difference in why Scout feels differently than Jem on this.
Just one kind of folks: folk, who have to learn because they weren't born learning. She feels that Walter Cunningham is as smart as he can be since he has to be held back to help his father (it's not his fault).
What time of year is it?
When "August was on the bring of September"
What is Jem's new goal? (That deals with Dill)
To teach Dill how to swim, as he thought it was as important as walking.
Give evidence that illustrates how Scout is becoming a young lady.
1. She asked Cal if she needed any help.
2. She was wearing a dress and britches.
3. She interrupts people's conversations with "Excuse me."
Why does Scout feel "more at home" with Atticus and men than with the ladies?
They didn't trap her with innocent questions to make fun of her; they weren't critical of her; ladies lived in faint horror of men; they weren't hypocrites
What news does Atticus return home with? Explain how and why this happened?
Tom Robinson had died; he was shot several times when he tried to climb over the fence during exercise period; when the guards told him to stop, he was shot soon as he went over
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
To Kill a Mockingbird: Part 1 (Chapters 1-11)
To Kill a Mockingbird, Part 2
Vocabulary Workshop Unit 12
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