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56 terms

AP Lit poetry terms quiz

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alliteration
repetition of consonant sounds at the BEGINNING of several words or in a phrase
allusion
a reference to another literary work
anaphora
the deliberate repetition of a phrase or word at the beginning of successive clauses or stanzas
anadiplosis
the repetition of the final words of a line at the beginning of the next
apostrophe
a poem that directly addresses a person or thing that is absent
appositive
A word or phrase that follow a noun or pronoun for emphasis or clarity
assonance
effect created when words with the same vowel are used near each other
consonance
effect created when words with the same consonant sound but different vowel sounds are used near each other
sibilance
the use of consonants characterized by a hissing sound
asyndeton
a list of words or phrases without conjunctions
blank verse
a poem that employs a meter but not a rhyme scheme
caesura
the break in the flow of sound in poetry
chiasmus
a statement consisting of two parallel parts in which the second part is structurally reversed ("Susan walked in, and out rushed Mary.")
conceit
a complex and elaborate metaphor
connotation
evokes emotions and ideas beyond the literal meaning of the word
denotation
the dictionary meaning of the word
diction
the selection of words in a literary work that imply theme, attitude, and values
end stopped line
the end of a phrase on a line
enjambment
the continuation of a word or phrase over the next line
epithet
adjective expressing quality or attribute
euphemism
a mild or indirect substituted phrase for an embarrassing or blunt expression
form
the structural components of a poem
free verse
a poem without a regular meter or rhyme
heroic couplet
a pair of rhyming lines in iambic pentameter
hyperbole
an extreme exaggeration
imagery
descriptions used to evoke mood, atmosphere, and tension
irony
an intention, outcome, or meaning opposite of that intended or stated
metaphor
a comparison between essentially unalike things without the use of the words "like" or "as"
metaphysical
a type of poetry that stresses intellect over emotion (contains a striking comparisons and a persuasive stance)
meter
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a poem
metonymy
a figure of speech in which a closely related term is substituted for an idea or object
personification
when inanimate objects are given human-like qualities
polysyndeton
using several conjunctions in close succession(as in 'he ran and jumped and laughed for joy')
rhyme
the same syllable sounds at the end of 2 or more lines
scansion
the metrical analysis of a poem
simile
a comparison involving the words "like" or "as"
speaker
the narrator of a poem
stanza
the unit of a poem that is repeated in the same form
symbol
an object that on the surface is its literal self but also has another meaning
synecdoche
A figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole (as hand for sailor), the whole for a part (as the law for police officer), the specific for the general (as cutthroat for assassin), the general for the specific (as thief for pickpocket), or the material for the thing made from it (as steel for sword).
synesthesia
describing one kind of sensation in terms of another ("a loud color", "a sweet sound")
syntax
the grammatical order and organization of words, phrases, and clauses within a sentence
tone
the attitude of the writer toward the subject or characters
understatement
a statement that is restrained in ironic contrast to what might have been said
verisimilitude
the quality of appearing to be true, real, likely, or probable
versification
the structural form of a verse as revealed by scansion
lyric
a short poem that focuses on the compression and expression of emotion
ballad
a narrative poem made up of four-line stanzas that tends to be directly narrated
ode
a poem usually addressed to a particular person, object or event that has stimulated deep and noble feelings in the poet
villanelle
a short poem of fixed form, written in tercets, usually five in number, followed by a final quatrain, all being based on two rhymes.
sestina
6 six-line stanzas ending with tercet; last words of each line in 1st stanza are repeated as last words in next stanza
sonnet
14 line poem in iambic pentameter
epigram
a brief poem that is often witty
elegy
a poem expressing lament for the dead
aubade
a poem about dawn; a morning love song; or a poem about the parting of lovers at dawn
ekphrastic
related to a literary description of or response to a visual work of art