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What is 1 + 3?
The joint between a tooth and an alveolar socket is called ....
Which joint is most movable
What covers the ends of bones in synovial joints....
The function of a bursa is to
provide a fluid-filled cushion
The joint capsule
is a double layer of tissue that encloses a synovial joint
is a think lubricating film covering the surface of a joint
first class lever
second class lever
third class lever
The hyaline cartilage that attaches a rib to the sternum forms ...
A knuckle joint is
a condyloid joint
The pubic symphysis is made up of ...
The articular cartilage found in synovial joint is ...
The crescent shaped meniscus in the knee joint is composed of ...
This part of the synovial joint encloses the cavitym, retains the synovial fluid, and is continuous with the periosteum...
The elbow is an example of what type of joint...
If you are moving your head from side to side to say no you are using what type of joint....
The movement in which one end of an appendage remains relatively stationary while the other end makes a circular motion is ....
A uniaxial joint like the elbow is capable of what movement....
flexion and extension
Which synovial joint is most moveable....
ball and socket
Rotating your forearm so that the palm faces forward or up is called ....
moves through one plane
one degree of freedom
moves through two planes
two degrees of freedom
moves through all planes
three degrees of freedom
How are joints functionally classified...
by degree of movement
What are the three functional classifications of joints...
synarthrosis, amphiarthrosis, diarthrosis
How are joints structurally classified...
by what is holding the bones together
gap between bones, ossifies, immovable
collagen fibers join the bones
Types of Fibrous Joints
Sutures, Syndesmosis, Gomphosis
join cranial bones - 3 types - serrate, lap, plane
What are the three types of sutures....
serrate, lap, plane
slightly movable due to longer collagen fibers
attach tooth to the bony socket
What are the structural classifications of joints...
bony joint, fibrous joint, cartilagenous joint, synovial joint
hyaline cartilage joining bones
Examples of Synchondrosis
Epiphyseal Plate, Costal Cartilage - ribs to sternum
Examples of Symphysis
Pubic Symphysis, Intervertebral Discs
anterior joint between coxal bones
pads between vertebrae
joint capsule that encloses the joint- the joint cavity contains synovial fluid
has two layers
fibrous capsule, synovial membrane
secrete synovial fluid
grow in from capsule and divides the capsule into two cavities
cartilage pads, do not extend across entire joint
tendons, ligaments, bursa
fibrous connective tissue that connect muscle to bone
fibrous connective tissue that connect bone to bone
fibrous sacs, filled with synovial fluid, pad to protect or prevent irritation where tendons or muscles over bone
Factors for degree of flexibility
articular surfaces of the bones, ligaments, action of muscles
Classes of Synovial Joints
gliding joint, hinge joint, pivot joints, condyloid joint, saddle joints, ball and socket
2 flat surfaces that slide
carpals and tarsals
monaxial - one plane - elbow, knee, fingers
rotate on axis
c1 and c2 vertebrae
knuckles - between metacarpals and phalanges
base of thumb
Ball and Socket
shoulder, humerus, scapula/divide
upward angle, straighten joint
move body part away from midline
raise arm/legs to side
bring body part back to midline
stationary end with other moving in circles
bone spins on axis
palms forward/ up
palms back/ down
foot, sole medial
foot, sole lateral
toes down, ballerina
raise body, shrug
anterior movement in transverse plane
posterior movement in transverse plane
Synovial fluid is present in joint cavities of freely movable joints. Which of the following statements is true about this fluid?
it contains hyaluronic acid
When one is moving a limb away from the median plane of the body along the frontal plane, it is called:
Articulations permitting only slight degrees of movement are
On the basis of structural classification, which joint is fibrous connective tissue?
The following characteristics define what type of joint: presence of a synovial cavity, articular cartilage, synovial membrane, and ligaments?
An immovable joint found only between skull bones is called a
Bending your head back until it hurts is an example of:
Articular cartilage found at the ends of the long bones serves to:
provide a smooth surface at the ends of synovial joints.
Gliding movements occur at the intercarpal and intertarsal joints...this is true about what movements
Fibrous joints are classified as:
sutures, syndesmoses, and gomphoses.
A joint that is known as a suture is found:
in the skull only
Saddle joints have concave and convex surfaces. Name the bones of the hand that articulate to form a saddle joint:
the trapezium of the carpal bone and the thumb's metacarpal.
The terms inversion and eversion pertain only to:
All synovial joints are .... and ....
free and moveable
Connective tissue sacs lined with synovial membranes that act as cushions in places where friction develops are called:
act as friction-reducing structures.....
With .... exception, all bones of the body articulate with at least one other.
The ligaments that protect the alignment of the femoral and tibial condyles and limit the movement of the femur anteriorly and posteriorly are called:
If a patient was suffering from bursitis, this condition would be designated as inflammation of a
small sac containing fluid
Menisci refers to
semilunar cartilage pads
An example of an interosseus fibrous joint is:
the radius and ulna along it's length
A fibrous joint that is a peg-in-socket is called a ________ joint.
The shoulder joint is a good example of a ________ synovial joint.
In symphysis joints the articular surfaces of the bones are covered with:
________ are cartilaginous joints.
cartilaginous joints where hyaline cartilage unites the ends of bones
The only movement allowed in a pivot joint is:
When a ballerina points the toes, it is known as:
permit essentially no movement
The gliding motion of the wrist is accomplished because of the _______ joint
Gouty arthritis is a painful condition caused by:
excessive blood levels of uric acid deposited as crystals in the soft tissue joints.
Multiaxial joints of the body include:
the hip and shoulder
Which ligament of the knee initiates the knee-jerk reflex when tapped?
the patellar ligament
A joint united by dense fibrocartilaginous tissue that permits a slight degree of movement is a: