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15 terms

Chapter 1.2

recognize arguments
STUDY
PLAY
conditional
if/then statement
antecedent
the component of a conditional statement immediately following the word if
consequent
the component of a conditional statement immediately following the word
sufficient condition
the condition represented by the antecedent in a conditional statement.
necessary condition
the condition represented by the consequent in a conditional statement.
passage that contains an argument must contain a claim that something is supported by evidence or reasons.
true
an argument, the claim that something is supported by evidence or reasons is always explicit.
false
Passages that contain indicator words such as "thus," "since," and "because" are always arguments
false
in deciding whether a passage contains an argument, we should always keep an eye out for indicator words and the presence of an inferential relationship between the statements.
true
some expository passages can be correctly interpreted as arguments.
true
passages containing "for example" can be correctly interpreted as arguments.
true
In deciding whether an expository passage or an illustration should be interpreted as an argument, it helps to note whether the claim being developed or illustrated is one that is accepted by everyone
true
Some conditional statements can be reexpressed to form arguments.. 10. In an explanation, the explanans is the statement or group of statements that does the explaining.
true
In an explanation, the explanandum usually describes an accepted matter of fact
true
10. In an explanation, the explanans is the statement or group of statements that does the explaining.
true