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Pathology - Chapter 5 - Developmental Disorders

Pathology - Chapter 5 - Developmental Disorders
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hereditary
Some shape, form or number altering conditions involving the jaws, dentition, and teeth can be familial or ___?
1. Clinically
2. Biopsy
3. Radiographs
Disorders may be identified in what ways?
Developmental disorder or developmental anomaly
This is a failure or disturbance that occurs during developmental processes that results in a lack, excess or deformity of a body part.
Inherited disorders
These are causes by an abnormality in the genetic makeup
Congenital
This is present at birth and can be either inherited or developmental. Most causes of this are unknown.
3rd and 8th
Which week is the embryonic development of the face, oral cavity & teeth forming?
Ankyloglossia
This is limited tongue movement secondary to improper attachment to the floor of the mouth
tongue- tied
This is another name for ankyloglossia?
Short lingual frenum is corrected with surgical removal of a portion of a lingual frenum
How is ankyloglossia fixed?
Commissural lip pits, or can also be congenital lip pits
This is a developmental anomaly that forms at the corner of the mouth.
Lingual thyroid
This is a developmental abnormality in whihc thyroid tissue is present in the base of the tongue between the circumvallate papillae and the epiglottis
ectopic lingual thyroid nodule
The failure of thyroid tissue to occur in its normal position is known as ___?
Due to location & size this can cause difficulty swallowing and may need to be removed.
Lingual Thyroid
x-rays
Developmental cysts are mostly seen through __?
Cyst
This is an abnormal sax or cavity lined by epithelium and enclosed in a connective tissue capsule
True
T/F cysts can occur throughout the body including the oral region.
False
T/F a non-ondontogenic cyst is related to tooth development.
Ondontogenic cyst
This type of cyst relates to tooth development.
Non-Ondontogenic cyst
This type of cyst is not related to tooth development.
Intraosseous cyst
This type of cyst occurs within the bone.
Extraosseous cyst
This type cyst occurs in soft tissue.
Residual cyst
Another name for a radicular cyst is ___?
Radicular or residual cyst
This type if cyst remains after extraction of a tooth & would not be referred right away since it may go away on its own.
periapical
Radicular =
Dentigerous cyst
This type of cyst forms around the crown of an unerupted or developing tooth.
xray
How do you find a dentigerous cyst?
ondontogenic cysts - dentigerous
Which type of cyst is most commonly found in 3rd molars?
Eruption cyst
This type of cyst is found in soft tissue around the crown of an erupting tooth.
can be seen on any tooth but is more common in mixed dentition and will normally resolve on its own.
Eruption cyst
Primordial cyst
This type of cyst develops in place of a tooth and is most commonly associated with 3rd molars.
True
T/F a primordial cyst is usually asymptomatic
False
T/F a primordial cyst can be discovered by looking in the mouth or by xray
location
Cysts are classified by ___?
Odontogenic Keratocysts
This is commonly seen in the 3rd molar area, comes from remnants of the dental lamina & may be aggressive in growth
mandible
Odontogenic Keratocysts are twice as common in the ___.
wide
Odontogenic Keratocysts grow in a ___ area that usually extends beyond the pano xray.
calcifying ondontogenic cyst
This uncommon type of cyst can occur at any age and once removed usually wont return.
nonaggressive, uncommon lesion that appears to arise from remnants of ondontogenic epithelium either within bone or soft tissues.
Calcifying ondontogenic cysts
Lateral periodontal cyst
This develops alongside the tooth and is usually seen in mandibular canines and in the premolar region.
Gingival cyst
This occurs in the mandibular region of canines and premolars but is found on the soft tissue
This cyst is most common in people aged 40-60
nonondontogenic cyst - nasopalatine canal cyst
incisive canal cyst
Another name for nasopalatine canal cyst is __?
nasopalatine canal cyst
This cyst is located within the nasopalatine canal or incisive papilla. This cyst may appear heart shaped radiographically between the maxillary incisors
Globulomaxillary cyst
This cyst is found between root of maxillary lateral incisor and canine and is pear shaped
Median Mandibular Cyst
The origin of this rare cyst in unclear, it is found in the midline of mandible
Nasolabial cyst
This cyst is a swelling in the mucolabial fold of the maxillary canine area and the floor of the nose
This cyst can sometimes be seen on the outside of the face
Nasolabial cyst
branchial cleft cyst
Another name for a lymphoepithelial cyst is?
Lymphoepithelial cyst
This type of cyst is most commonly found in salivary glands.
This kind of cyst is a raised nodule in the skin or face and neck
Epidermal cyst
Epidermal cyst
This cyst resembles acne, is moveable, normally located on the floor of the mouth or in the cheek area. Sometimes it is connected to a pore and is filled with a cheesy material.
benign cystic teratoma
Another name for dermoid cyst?
Dermoid cyst
This cyst is present at birth, is rarely found in the oral cavity but if it is it is on the floor of the mouth
Thyroglossal Tract Cyst
This is an enlargement at the midline of the neck caused by a duct that descends from the tongue
Psuedocyst
This looks like a cyst but is not & is usually due to trauma
Static Bone Cyst
This psuedocyst is found radiographically in the posterior region of the mandible inferior to the mandibular canal & may go away on its own.
Simple Bone Cyst
This psuedocyst is identified by scalloping around the roots and may go away on its own.
Aneurysmal Bone Cyst
This is a blood filled space that looks like a honeycomb or soap bubble & is usually due to trauma
anodontia
This condition causes congenitally missing teeth
hypodontia
This condition is a lack of one or more teeth
supernumerary
This condition cause extra teeth
mesiodens ( found between max. central incisors)
The most common supernumerary tooth is __?
distomolar (max 4th molar region)
The second most common supernumerary tooth is the ___?
microdontia
When the tooth is smaller than normal it is called __?
macrodontia
When the tooth is larger than normal it is called __?
max 3rd molars and lateral incisors
The most common place for microdontia is __?
true generalized and generalized relative
The types of micro & macrodontia are __?
Gemination
This is when a single tooth germ attempts to divide and results in incomplete formation of two teeth
Fusion
This is the union of two normal separated adjacent tooth germs
2 tooth germs with only one crown
Fusion
Concrescence
This is when two teeth are united by cementum only
Dilaceration
This is when the roots of a tooth are curved
Enamel pearl
This is a small circular projection located on the root surface
Talon Cusp
This is an accessory cusp located in the cingulum area of the incisors
Taurodontism
This is when the teeth exhibit elongated large pup chambers and short roots
Dens in Dente
This occurs when the enamel organ invaginates into the crown before mineralization
Dens envaginatus
This is when an accessory enamel cusp is found on the occlusal surfaces of premolars & is usually seen in mongoloid patients
Supernumerary roots
This is having extra roots & is most common in the 3rd molar region.
Enamel hypoplasia
This is incomplete formation of enamel?
1. Febrile illness
2. Vitamin deficiency
3. Local infection or trauma
4. Flouride ingestion
5. Congenital syphillis
6. Birth injury, premature birth,
7. Idiopathic factors (unknown)
What are some causes of incomplete formation of enamel?
Enamel Hypocalcification
This are disturbances that occur during the maturation of the enamel matrix (white spots)
Endogenous Staining of the teeth
This is caused by systemically circulating substances (like tetracycline) that are in the body during tooth development.
Ghost teeth
Another name for Regional Odontodysplasia is __?
Regional Ondontodysplasia
This condition is caused by thin enamel and dentin
Impacted or embedded
When teeth cannot erupt due to obstructions it is called?
Ankyloglossed teeth
This condition usually requires surgery and is found in primary teeth in which the bone has fused to cementum and dentin