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In the quotation, "Exalting the superiority of northern society based on 'free labor,' " define "free labor":

non-slave labor that is paid

Which is not part of the generally accepted account of the 1822 conspiracy led by Denmark Vesey?

Vesey and his followers killed or maimed 37 whites.

As acts of self-empowerment, enslaved individuals often

broke tools.

Which of the following was not true of the plain white folk of the Old South?

Like slaves, they had few civil or political rights.

Which was not a job slaves occupied?


Which of the following was not a part of slavery's impact on the northern economy?

Slave labor in the southern cotton belt undermined cotton production in the North.

The newly created Republican Party of the 1850s was dedicated to:

confining slavery to the states in which it already existed.

In American slave culture, jumping over a broomstick was associated with which of the following acts?


Which of the following was not a central theme of planter ideology?

There is no place for fixed social hierarchies in a democratic republic.

"In southern cities, thousands of slaves were employed as skilled artisans." Define "artisan":

skilled craftsman

Slaves made up a significant portion of the Old South's:

all of the above

Which of the following does not apply to the comparative experience of slaves and free blacks in the Old South?

Between 1800 and 1860 the material conditions of free blacks steadily improved, while those of slaves steadily deteriorated.

Which of the following was not a feature of slave culture?

a notable indifference to gender roles

Cotton was "King" during the first half of the nineteenth century. Three-fourths of the world's supply came from the United States, and textile manufacturers in New England, Great Britain, France, and Russia depended on the American cotton supply. Define "textile":

woven cloth

Approximately how many enslaved individuals ran away to the North each year?


Which of the following was not a frequent mode of slave resistance?

deadly assaults on slaveholders

In 1860, the largest economic investment in the United States was in:


In the years before the Civil War, the wealthiest Americans were:

planters in South Carolina and Mississippi.

What happened to the 135 enslaved persons who in 1841 seized the ship, the Creole, and sailed to Nassau in search of freedom?

They were given refuge in the British Caribbean.

The southern state with the largest free black population in relation to its total African American population was?


Which was not a condition of slavery?

Slaves were not allowed to carry shotguns in South Carolina.

Nat Turner:

led an 1831 slave uprising in Virginia, killing about sixty whites.

By 1860, more than half of the United States' exports were in:


Labor on rice plantations in South Carolina and Georgia was generally done by:

task labor.

John C. Calhoun of South Carolina considered "the most false and dangerous of all political errors," the view that:

all men are created equal and entitled to liberty.

Which was not a restriction on free blacks in the Old South?

They could own dogs and firearms.

Whose name is most often associated with the Underground Railroad?

Harriet Tubman

In the Old South, the percentage of white families that owned slaves was approximately:


Define "planter" as used in this and other chapters of this book in such phrases as "southern planters were successful."

the owner or manager of a plantation who himself rarely if ever did the actual physical labor associated with plowing or harvesting crops

"Slave patrols" were:

farmers who kept a lookout for runaway slaves.

Which was not the case for free blacks?

Most free blacks rose to the status of skilled, middle-class workers.

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