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40 terms

History of Fire Prevention

Reviews the history of fire prevention.
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ordinance
n: a law or rule made by a government or authority; a regulation, law, decree, or rule, especially one issued by a city of town
thatch
a house roof made with a plant material (as straw)
prohibit
To forbid by law or order
alteration
n. Change or modification.
confiscate
Taken without permission or consent especially by public authority
comply
to do as one is asked or ordered
by-laws
a set of rules of procedure (how things are done, when they're done)
place of assembly
A location where a group or groups of people may gather together for a common purpose.
comprehensive
including all or everything
fire escape
a stairway (often on the outside of a building) that permits emergency exit in the case of fire
fine
money extracted as a penalty
inspection
the act of looking carefully and closely
flame retardant
adj. Resistant to catching fire.
municipality
a city or other district that has local self government
jurisdiction
Area or territory over which legal power extends
stringent
severe; constricted; tight
industrial facilities
Warehouses, factories, land in industrial districts, and power plants
ammonium nitrate
used as an explosive and fertilizer and rocket propellant
conflagration
n. A great fire, as of many buildings, a forest, or the like.
water main
main (a pipe or conduit) for conveying water
earthquake
a shaking or sliding of the ground. It is caused by the sudden movement of masses of rock along a fault or by changes in the size and shape of masses of rock far beneath the earth's surface.
penitentiary
a public institution in which offenders against the law are confined to detention or punishment
hotel
A building with bedrooms where travelers can pay to stay. A building where travelers can pay for lodging and meals and other services
fire code
set of standards established and enforced by government for fire prevention and safety in case of fire as in fire escapes etc, set of standards established and enforced by government for fire prevention and safety in case of fire and emergencies. Maintenance code. Applies to existing structures only.
building code
set of standards established and enforced by local government for the structural safety of buildings. Provides life safety. Used in buildings under construction.
school
a building where young people receive education
combustible
Capable of catching fire or burning
nursing home
a live-in facility that provides medical care, food, and social activities
mercantile
a term used to describe a general store
hospital
a medical institution where sick or injured people are given medical or surgical care
restaurant
a building where people go to eat
kitchen
a room equipped for preparing meals
Winecoff hotel problem
open stairwells
noncombustible
not capable of igniting and burning
Nursing home & hotel problems
Construction deficiencies, the lack of an automatic sprinkler system
Problems in schools
Open stairways, construction materials, blocked/locked exits, Christmas tree, improper gas installation
Ohio State Penitentiary fire of April 21, 1930
Killed 320 prisoners locked in their cells.
Problems in industrial facilities
locked & blocked exits, broken standpipes, ammonium nitrate, partial sprinklers systems and undivided floor area.
standpipe system
pipes that run the height of the building and provide water outlets at each floor for firefighters to connect hoses
Problems in nightclubs & places of assembly
inadequate fire separations, missing or incomplete automatic sprinklers, inward opening doors, overcrowding, Blocked/locked exits. Exits insufficient capacity crowds. Interior furnishings made of combustible materials.