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40 terms

Theory Exam Terms

THEORY EXAM TERMS :((((
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Allemande
moderately fast, 44, short anacrusis, continuous movement
Italian Courante
fast, 34, 32, 64, short anacrusis, continuous movement
French Courante
fast, 34, 32, 64, short anacrusis, varied rhythm, sometimes changing from 32 to 64 at the cadence point
Minuet
moderate, 34, no anacrusis, graceful
Sarabande
slow, 34, 32, no anacrusis, stately, often ornamented with second beat accented
Gavotte
moderately fast, 22, 44, half-bar anacrusis, rhythmic, sprightly
Gigue
fast, 68, 98, 128, usually a short anacrusis, often contrapuntal
Violin range
G, D, A, E
Viola range
C, G, D, A
Cello range
C, G, D, A
Bass range
E, A, D, G, sounding an octave lower
arco
with the bow
pizzicato
plucked with the fingers
tremolo
bowing back and forth very rapidly to produce a shimmery effect
sul ponticello
bow on or near the bridge
sul tasto
bow on or near the fingerboard
cantando
in a singing style
tenuto
held
piacevole
pleasant, agreeable
portamento
a smooth gliding from one note to another
dolente
sadly, plaintive
doloroso
sadly, plaintive
sotto voce
softly, in an undertone
giocoso
gay, merry
grazioso
gracefully
assai
very
quasi
as if, as it were
scherzando
playfully
subito
suddenly
non troppo
not too much
tempo commodo
at a comfortable speed
tempo giusto
at a consistent speed
l'istesso tempo
at the same speed
grave
slow and solemn
rubato
with some freedom in the time
stringendo
pressing on faster
perdendosi
fading away
smorzando
dying away
rinforzando
reinforcing the tone
pesante
heavily