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111 terms

Cum 3 review

STUDY
PLAY
mutations are results from errors in
gene replication
in order to calculate the numerical value of the standard deviation, it would be most reasonable to first compute the
mean
researchers studying the effects of sleep deprivation tested physical coordination skills of 25 yr olds who had been without sleep for 24, 36, or 48 hours. The dependent variable is
the physical coordination skills of the men in the study
in condsidering the origins of knowledge, john locke affirmed a veiw known as...
empiricism
molecular genetics would be most interested in studying
chromosome segments
ginger wants to marry someone who will provide her children with finacial security. evolutionary psychologist would most likely attribute gingers motivation with..
genetic predispositions
a research methos in which an investigator manipulates factors that potentially produces behavior is called
experiment
nature is to nurture as the ______ persepective is to the ______perspective
evolutionary - behavioral
an explination using an integrated set of principles that organizes and predicts behavior or events is called a
theory (NOT hypothesis)
the school of psychology associated with understanding behavior is
Functionalism... (NOT behaviorism)
with which of the following individuals is bf skinner most in agreement on the issue of internal mental events?
JOHN WATSON!!
the ability to infer a cause- and -effect relationship is associated with the
experimental research method (NOT Correlation)
participants in an experiment are said to be blind if they are uninformed about -
which experimental treatment, if any, they are recieving (NOT what hypothesis is being tested)
which of the following body parts is associated with the greatest amount of brain tissue in the motor cortex
face
information is carried from the central nervous system to the body tissue by
motor neurons
deaf people who use sigh language
process language in the left cerebral hemisphere
jermey is sitting quietly when the muscles in his left leg begin to twitch this activation of movement is due to
acetylcholine
messages are transmitted from your spinal cord to your heart by
autonomic nervous system
the brain structure that controls the unconcious be essential functions such as breathing ans circulation
medulla
in order to estimate trait heritability, researchers are most likely to make use of
twin studies
the somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system comprise the
peripheral nervous system
an impaired use of language is known as
aphasia
karlette took some new meds for her hey fever. the medication made her heart start to race & she became agitated and jittery. it is likely that the medication is incresing the activity in her...
sympathertic nervous system
parkisons disease appears to be a function of
degeneration of neurons that use dopamine as a neurotransmitter
the genome is the complete
set of genetic material in an organisms chromosomes
opiate druge occupy the same recpter sites as
endorphins
which of the following is the correct sequence of structures through which information flows in a neuron
dendrites-soma- axon
endorphin agonists are likely to _____ ones immediate pain and endorphin antagonists are likely to _____ one's immediate pain.
decrease , increase
endorphins are
neurotransmitters
neural networks refer to
interconnected clusters of neurons in the central nervous system
if a professor accused you of cheating on a test, your adrenal glands would probably release _______ in your blood stream
epinephrine (NOT acetylcholine)
Julia is currently in the midst of a major depression. it is most likely that is has
reduced activity at norepinephrine synapse ( ** REDUCED)
ellizabeth just caught sight of a red humminbird. the neural impulses form her eye will eventually travel to her occiptical lobe but first they must pass through
the thalamus thalamus thalamus thalamus
if a partially deaf person hearing ability ______, his or her absolute threshold for sound _____
improves, decreases (NOT worsens, increases)1
the sense associated with the perception of smell is
olfaction
the detection and encoding of stimulus energies by the nervous system is called
sensation
when finger painting chris mixed yellow paint and blue paint to make green. it is ....
subtractive color mixing
jennifer can tune her guitar more effectively that maris because jennifer is better at detecting whether specific strings are playing too sharp or flat. With respect to tone sensitivity, maria apparently has a ____threshold than Jennifer
Larger difference
the process by which our sensory systems convert stimulus energies into neural messages is called
transduction
devin looked directly into a very bright light....blah blah blah,,damaged rods he now has
poor peripheral vision
the sense associated with taste is called...
gustatory
color consistancy referes to
objects are precieved the same color even if the light they reflect changes
the tendancy to see all the individual spokes on a bike wheel as one large single units best illistrates the principle of
connectedness
the perception that bugs bunny is hopping across a movie screen is..
strobocopic movement
interposition refers to
overlap evironmental depth cue
the study of phenomena such as clairvoyance and telepathy is called
parapsychology
the organization of two-dimensional retinal image into 3-D perception is called.
Depth perception
a concept that helps us to interpret ambiguous sensations is called a
schema
perceptual adaptation refers to the
perceptual adjustment to an artificially displaced visual field
the organizational principles identifies by gestalt psychologist best illustrate the importance of
top-down processing
after hearing rumors about the outbreak of an infectious disease, Alyosha began to perceive his normal aches and pains as disease related symptomshis reaction best illustrates the impact of
perceptual set
a 3-D movie enhances ones sense of depth perception by stimulating the effect of
retinal disparity
neuroscientist have discovered mirror neurons in the
frontal lobe adjacent to the motor cortex
operant conditioning is another name for
intrumental learning
skinner's work elaborated what thorndike had called
the law of effect
garcia and koelling studies of taste aversion in rate demonstrated that classical conditioning is contrained by
biological predispositions
hanna finds that when her kids become too rowdy and noisy, she can successfully block out their noise if she closes her door to study the door is an example of
an escape response (NOT AVOIDANCE)
skinner is to shaping and bandura is to
modeling & I'm sorry your stuck studying :/ hope these cards help(:
positive reinforcers _____the rate of operant responding and negative reinforcers _____the rate of operant responding
increase increase
the fat that learning can occur without reinforcement is most clearly demonstrated by studies of
latent learning
Larry goes out with Mary. he gets a kiss if they go dancing,, and otherwise not. this is an example of
discrimination
postivie punishment ____the rate of operant responding , and negative punishment ____the rate of operant responding
decrease decrease
a spanking is _____ suspension of tv is _____
positive punishment & negative punishment
extinction occurs when..
remove the reinforcement
researchers condition flatworms to contract with light this is called
acquisition
knowledge of ones results is
feedback
a flashbulb memory is what kind of memory
long term
many people retain their classically conditioned fears without any consious recolection of how or when those fears were learned this is ____ memory
implicit
progrssively deeper levels of processing
structural - phonemic- semantic
schema is
an organized general knowledge structure
working memory is another name for
short term memory
the next - in -line effect best illustrates
source amnesia
peg-words sytem makes effective use of
visual imagery
expilcit memory is to _____, implicit is to _____
hippocampus , cerebellum
long term potentiation refers to
an increase in nerons firing potential
consco=ious memory of factual info is called
explicit....idk what that means(:
brock was describing the inside of his doctors office to one of his friends. in his description he mentions deplomas that arent there... the error in recall illustrates
the role of schema in long term memory
chomsky suggests that a persons unique experiences with a language are most likely to influence the ______ of the persons spoken sentances
universal grammar
in general todlers can
understand more than they say
whorfs linguistic determinish hypothesis emphasizes that...
words shape the way we think
Noam chomsky has emphasized that the acquistion of lanugage by children is facilitated by
an inborn readiness to learn grammatical rules
oat changes to boat
phonemes increase, but morpheme stay the same
thinking that moves from specific to general is
inductive
an, a, ill, are all examples of
morphemes
single word stage? "cookie me now" stage?
holophrastic , telegraphic
what is linguistic determinism
it determines the way we think - rich vocabulary for snow
solving problems by estimating, short cuts, assuming VS step by step
heuristics vs algorithms,,,,, why are we learning this crap.?
the english language has _____ letters thatn phonemes, ans the consonant phonemes generally carry ____information than the vowel ones
fewer , more
prototype
best example of particular category
skinner emphasized the importance of ____ in language acquisition
reinforcement
twenty two year old bernie takes a test that incluse measuring her ability in terms of digit span, vocab, and object assembly ... she complets the
WAIS
savant syndrome
mental --but like uber good at one specific other thing (like playing the piano)
in solving math problems women do ___than men, in solving math word problems women do ____than men
better, worse
an abstract concept as if it were a real concrete thing is called
reification
if a test is ____ it will also be ___
valid , reliable
intelligence tests measure
knowledge and potential
the eugenis movement would have been most likely to encourage
selective breeding of highly intelligent people
savant syndrome has been used to support
gardners arguement for multiple intelligences
improvement in intelligence test is called
the flynn effect
the first stage of a baby
germinal ....the cum test sucks
kohlberg morality based on the aviodance of punishment and the attainment of concrete rewards represents an
preconventional morality
a child is ego centric during which of piagets stages?
preoperational **learn the stages
the corrupt behavior of many ordinary people who served as nazi concentration camp guards best illustrates that immorality often results from
social influence
Learn the parents
:)
alzheimers
acetylcholine
maturation is
biological growth processes that are relatively uninfluences by experience
premature babies who survive are usually born in the ___stage
fetal
learn stages in developement
(:
extra chromosome causes
down syndrome
IQ tests are least likely to be used in
china
girls out perform boys in
spelling bees