American Government - Chapter 16
Terms in this set (25)
Discrimination that is harmful and is based on hostility against people or people groups is ______ discrimination.
invidious (resentment or anger in others) discrimination
Forbidding people from driving without a license is ________ discrimination; banning African American adults from driving is ________ discrimination
Powers or privileges guaranteed to the individual and protected from arbitrary removal at the hands of government or individuals are referred to as
. civil rights
Why were the Civil War amendments adopted?
to provide freedom and equality to black Americans
What law officially put an end to slavery and involuntary servitude in America?
the Thirteenth Amendment in 1865
Which types of laws, created by the former slave states of the nation, acted to restrict the freedom of former slaves?
Eight years after the Civil Rights Act of 1875, the Supreme Court struck down part of it, declaring that discrimination in public accommodations could be banned only when
it is an act of the central government`
Why was the Supreme Court ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson controversial?
It approved of separate public facilities for blacks and whites
When the NAACP took the lead in the fight for black civil rights in the early 1900s, which two issues did it specifically promote?
equal public facilities and an end to segregation
How and when did the authorized racial segregation of the U.S. military come to an end?
by order of Harry Truman in 1948
In the landmark class action of ________ , the Supreme Court discontinued separate-but-equal educational facilities and deemed public school segregation as unconstitutional.
Brown v. Board of Education
he Supreme Court supported NAACP efforts in the late 1940s by ruling, among other things, that ________ violated the Fifteenth Amendment.
whites-only primary elections
The willful but nonviolent breach of unjust laws is referred to as
Which nonviolent tactic was used in 1960 by four black freshmen at a North Carolina college, a practice that soon spread throughout the civil rights movement nationwide?
The Twenty-fourth Amendment, ratified in 1964, banned
poll taxes in elections.
After the Court's ruling in Grove City College v. Bell, Congress acted quickly to pass a new expansive law which said that
if any part of an institution gets federal money, no part of it can discriminate.
Until the 1920s, the U.S. government's involvement with Native Americans
was based on treaties rather than citizenship.
The 1965 immigration bill signed by President Johnson at the Statue of Liberty purposely gave preference to immigrants who
possessed much-needed professional skills.
In 2010, strong public opinion supported the Arizona legislature when it passed the nation's ________ , though in 2012 the Supreme Court declared part of it was unconstitutional.
strictest immigration law
What do public officials Mike Michaud, Jared Polis, David Cicilline, Sean Patrick Maloney, Mark Takano, Mark Pokan, and Krysten Sinema have in common?
They are openly gay members of the U.S. House of Representatives.
Until the 1970s, laws that affected the civil rights of American women were centered on
Among the many concepts related to sex discrimination in the workplace, perhaps the most controversial issue is the idea of
A number of laws have been established by the federal government to expand the civil rights of women, but which promising proposal was never enacted?
Equal Rights Amendment
In his vision of a Great Society, President Johnson linked ________ with ________ , and equality of outcome with equality of opportunity.
economic rights; civil rights
Proponents of affirmative action point out that certain groups have historically lived with ________ and now need to be compensated.