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AP HUM GEO unit 6 Dev&Indus
Terms in this set (45)
Agricultural Labor Force
The people working in the agricultural field
As a percentage of daily requirement is an important index of development. People in MDCs generally consume more than 130% of their daily requirements, but most people in LDCs barely get enough to sustain themselves. The problem is worst in Africa, where most people do not eat enough.
A model of the spatial structure of development in which underdeveloped countries are defined by their dependence on a developed core region.
conflict; as developing countires make economic advancement, they are dependent on the core countries in an intertwined global economy. most will never achieve first world status. the mnc exploits local workers to maximize profits and forces out local companies. workers in developing countires serve as cheap labor pool
An indicator of development. MDCs tend to consume much more energy per capita than do LDCs. This will be important in the future because as LDCs begin to industrialize, there will be a great strain on the world's energy supply
Foreign Direct Investment
Investment made by a foreign company in the economy of another country.
the total market value of all final goods and services produced annually in an economy
the sum of all goods and services produced in a nation in a year
Indicator of level of development for each country, constructed by United Nations, combining income, literacy, education, and life expectancy
A new form of global power relationships that involves not direct political control but economic exploitation by multinational corporations
Physical Quality of Life Index
an attempt to measure the quality of life or well-being of a country. The value is the average of three statistics: basic literacy rate, infant mortality, and life expectancy at age one
Purchasing Power Parity
a measure of how many units of currency are needed in one country to buy the amount of goods and services that one unit of currency will buy in another country
economist, developed the "Stages of Growth" model in the late 1950s
- Important because he developed the model that is frequently referred to.
Stages of Growth Model
linear theory of development that developed countries go through a common patterns 1)Traditional Society, 2)Transitional Stage 3)Take Off 4)Drive to Maturity and 5)High Mass Consumption
The communication of specific plans, designs, or educational programs necessary for the use of new technologies from one society or class to another.
World Systems Theory
Wallersteins theory of the core, semi periphery, periphery, and external areas. The core benefited the most from the development of a capitalist world economy. Semi perihpery was the buffer between the core and periphery. Periphery are states that lack strong central gov'ts or are controlled by other states. External areas are states that mainteained their own economic system and for the mosr part, remianed outside of the capitalist world economy
rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when industrial gas emissions (especially sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides) combine with water
A process involving the clustering or concentrating of people or activities. The term often refers to manufacturing plants and businesses that benefit from close proximity because they share skilled-labor pools and technological and financial amenities.
U.S. companies are the largest single producer with plants in 35 states producing about $39.1 billion in products and exports. U.S. supply is comprised of three sources, primary, imports and recycled
- Important because it is a large industry that is important in transportation, packaging and building and construction. (Bulk Reducing)
Break Of Bulk Point
A location where transfer is possible from one mode of transportation to another.
Canadian Industrial Heartland
the St. Lawrence Valley - Ontario Peninsula. The region has several assets: centrality to the Canadian market, proximity to the Great Lakes, and access to inexpensive hydroelectric power from Niagara Falls.
The process of industrial deconcentration in response to technological advances and/or increasing costs due to congestion and competition.
tourism to exotic or threatened ecosystems to observe wildlife or to help preserve nature
a port where merchandise can be imported and re-exported without paying import duties
Export Processing Zone
area where people can buy goods from other countries without paying extra taxes
industry in which the cost of transporting both raw materials and finished product is not important for the location of firms
South Korea (largest), Taiwan (moving towards high tech), Singapore (Center for information and technology), Hong Kong(Break of Bulk Point): Because of their booming economies.
consists of basic support systems needed to keep an economy going (power, community-cautions, transportation, water, sanitation, and education)
"Just In Time"Delivery
reliably getting products there just before the customer needs them
Least Cost Location
A site chosen for industrial development where total costs are theoretically at their lowest, as opposed to location at the point of maximum revenue
Factories built by US companies in Mexico near the US border to take advantage of much lower labor costs in Mexico.
The tendency of an economic activity to locate close to its market; a reflection of large and variable distribution costs
An effect in economics in which an increase in spending produces an increase in national income and consumption greater than the initial amount spent.
A trade agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico that encourages free trade between these North American countries.
The procuring of services or products, such as the parts used in manufacturing a motor vehicle, from an outside supplier or manufacturer in order to cut costs
Before Industrial Revoulution
tendency for an industry or other type of economic activity to locate close to its resources
Special Economic Zones (China)
In 1979, the Chinese government set up these zones on the coast near Macao, Hong Kong and Taiwan. Improved transportation, lower taxes, and other incentives attracted investments from foreign businesses. They helped stimulate innovation and helped China grow economically.
Specialized Economic Zones
specific area within a country in which tax incentives and less stringent environmental regulations are implemented to attract foreign business and investment. SEZ's or Special
losses in one area may be offset by savings in another (e.g., higher labor costs could be offset by lower taxes).
A company that conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many countries, not just where its headquarters or shareholders are located.
being present everywhere at once
German geographer who was a major theorists of industrial location. He devised a model of how to understand industrial locations in regard to several factors, including labor supply, markets, resource location, and transpiration., came up with least-cost theory
an industry that manufactures a large-sized product from small-sized raw materials (Soda)
An industry in which the final product weighs less or comprises a lower volume than the inputs
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