Torres,Stephanie Ch.12 DNA
Terms in this set (22)
The sub-unit of which nucleic acids are composed;made up of 5 carbon sugars, a phosphate group, and nitrogenous base.
Also known as ribonucleic acid, single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose.
The messenger RNA, type of RNA that carries copies of instructions for the assembly of amino acids into proteins from DNA to the rest of the cell.
A ladder like formation that is twisted and is used to show Charagaffs rules.
A hydrogen bonds formed only between certain base-pairs addien with thymine and guanine and cytosine.
A bases that contain nitrogen. DNA contains four kinds of nitrogenous bases: adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine.
It holds the strands together in base pairing, they can be easily broken allowing DNA strands to separate.
DNA that copies itself.
An enzyme that joins idividual nucleotides to produce a new strand of DNA.
The synthesis of an RNA molecule from a DNA.
An enzyme that links together the growing chain of RNA nucleotides during transcription using a DNA strand as a template.
One type of bacteria (Harmless form) had been changed permently into another (discease-carrying form).
A change in genetic material of a cell.
A process of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleus divides.
A process in which the number of chromosomes per cell is cut in half through the separation of homologous chromosome in a diploid cell
It can only pair with adenine,it is a nitrogenous base with a nucleotide that makes up DNA, and is a nucleic acid.
It can only pair with thymine,it is a nitrogenous base with a nucleotide that makes up DNA, and is a nucleic acid.
It can only pair with cytosine, it is a a nitrogenous base with a nucleotide that makes up DNA, and is a nucleic acid.
It can only pair with guanine, it is a nitrogenous base wit a nucleotide that makes up DNA, and it is a nucleic acid.
Is a kind of an infected virus that infects a bacteria.
Duing rplication, DNA may be lost from the tips of chromosomes.