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40 terms

Skeletal Muscle MP 3

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What is it called when ligaments and tendons in the wrist swell?
Carpal tunnel syndrome
A lateral or side to side curvature of the spine is called what?
Scoliosis
Name four ways to protect your skeletal system?
Healthy diet, protective gear, regular check ups, exercise
What body system produces new red and white blood cells?
Skeletal
How do you treat bruises?
Ice to reduce swell
What are areas of discolored skin that appear after an injury that causes the blood vessels beneath the skin to rupture?
Bruises
What type of fracture has the broken bone not break through the skin?
Simple fracture
What is the inflammation of a joint, resulting from an injury, natural wear and tear or autoimmune disease?
Arthritis
What is the painful inflammation of bursa, a fluid filled sac that helps reduce friction in joints?
Bursitis
What is it called when a bone slips out of place, tearing the ligaments that attach the bone at a joint?
Dislocation
When a bone is broken, how is the bone repaired?
Ossification
Long bone
humerus femur
Short bone
wrist ankle
flat bone
rib
Irregular bone
vetebrae
Ellipsoidal joint:
Wrist ankle
Pivot joint:
neck
Hinge joint:
elbow or knee
Ball and socket joint
shoulder and hip
What do all bones begin as in the embryo?
cartilidge
How many bones are in the adult skeleton?
206
How can you prevent osteoporosis?
Eat foods rich in calcium, vitamin D and phosphorus. Lift weights
What is it called when your bones are weak and brittle?
Osteoporosis
A fibrous cord that attaches muscle to bone is called what
Tendon
A band of fibrous, slightly elastic connective tissue that attaches one bone to another is called?
Ligament
What is the inflammation of a tendon called
tendinitis
What is a strong, flexible connective tissue that can act as a cushion between bones?
Cartilidge
How many times a day does our heart beat?
100,000 times
What type of food should you eat after working out to repair and build muscle?
Protein
Name 3 types of muscle tissue
smooth, cardiac, skeletal
How can you get hernia?
Lifting heavy objects
When muscles are stretched or partially torn from overexertion, it is called?
Strain or sprain
Major muscles in the body are made up of hundreds of bundles of what
Muscle fibers
What is an inherited disorder in which skeletal muscle fibers are progressively destroyed?
Muscular dystrophy
What type of muscle attaches to the bone that causes body movement?
Skeletal
What type of muscle acts on the lining of the body's passageways and hollow internal organs?
Smooth
What type of muscle forms the wall of the heart?
Cardiac
The muscle that opens a joint is called what?
Extensor
The muscle that closes a joint is called what
Flexor
What is an injury that occurs when an organ or tissue protrudes through an area of weak muscle?
Hernia