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Chapt 12 Quiz 1

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Buccal cavity
also known as the oral cavity
Chyme
a liquid like mixture of partially digested food and digestive secretions in the stomach
Defecation
the act of expelling feces from the body
Digestion
the process of altering the chemical and physical composition of food
Duodenum
the first portion of the intestines
Esophagus
receives the food from the pharynx and propels it on to the stomach
Gallbladder
a pear shaped organ located on the underside of the liver, which is responsible for the concetration and storage of bile produced by the liver
Hard palate
it forms the anterior upper roof of the mouth and is supported by bone
Hepatocytes
also known as liver cells
Ileum
the third portion of the intestines
Jejunum
the second portion of the intestines
Liver
the largest gland in the body, located under the diaphragm slightly to the right that produces bile
Mastication
the process of chewing
Pancreas
an elongated organ located in the upper left quadrant of the abdomen, behind the stomach, it functions both as an endocrine and exocrine gland
Rugae
fold or ridges
Pyloric sphineter
regulates the passage of food from the stomach into the duodenum
Salivary glands
parotoids, submandibulars, and sublinguals
Stomach
contains hydrochlorie acid and enzymes. This organ is lined with a protected mucous membrane churning food, aiding in digestion
Soft palate
it forms the posterior portion of the upper roof of the mouth and is composed of skeletal muscle and connective tissue
Uvula
a cone shaped projection that helps produce sound and speech