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22 terms

RELG 1040

Intro to Eastern Religious Traditions
STUDY
PLAY
Karma
-Both
-Hinduism: To do, system of cause and effect, ritualized action
-Buddhism: Action, system of cause and effect, universal law
Samsara
-Both
-Buddhism: Existence, no direction, circular, suffering
Nirvana
-Buddhism
-Cessation of suffering, realizing the nature of existence
Veda
-Hinduism
-Knowledge
-Timeless, not of human authorship, contains all knowledge
-Orally transmitted
Agni
-Hinduism
-Personification and deification of fire
-Priest of the gods, Gods of the priests
-Second only to Indra
-Three forms: Terrestrial=fire; Atmospheric=lightening; Celestial=sun
Indra
-Hinduism
-Warrior and king
-Most prominent of the Hindu gods
Soma
-Hinduism
-Third most prominent Hindu god
-Refers to the plant, juice extracted from the plant, and the deification of both
Varna
-Hinduism
-Caste
-4 hereditary status groups: Brahmins (priests), Kshatriyas (warriors), Vaishyas (farmers/merchants), Sudras (artisans/servants)
-There is also the Dalit (untouchables)
Dharma
-Both
-Hinduism: supports and holds the world together, universal law, relative to status
-Buddhism: universal
Trimurti
-Hinduism
-Three forms
-Bhramna=creator; Vishnu=preserver; Shiva=destroyer
Kali
-Hinduism
-Representation of the goddess
-Fierce and bloodthirsty
-Consort of Shiva
Sarasvati
-Hinduism
-Representation of the goddess
-Goddess of learning and music
-Consort of Brahma
Ganesha
-Hinduism
-Son of Shiva and Parvati
-Immaculate conception, elephant head
-Childish and playful
-Invoked to remove obstacles and hindrances
Bhakti
-Hinduism
-Devotion to a particular god
-Grace
Dukkha
-Buddhism
-Suffering
-Related to the First Noble Truth
Yoga
-Hinduism
-Path to realize Samkhya's dualism
-Withdrawal from matter into consciousness
Holi
-Hinduism
-Festival making the end of winter
-Celebrates the burning/defeat of Holika
Buddha
-Buddhism
-One who has awakened
Bodhisattva
-Buddhism
-Achieves Nirvana in order to help the world
Sutra
-Buddhism
-Discourses of the Buddha
Sangha
-Buddism
-Monastic community
-One of the Three Jewels
Sukhavati
-Buddhism
-Founder of Pure Land Buddhism