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56 terms

Milady Chapter 16

STUDY
PLAY
Head Form
Also known as head shape; shape of the head, which greatly affects the way the hair falls and behaves
Reference points on the head
Ear, jawline, occipital bone or apex
Head shape and reference points will help
-balance within the design
-develope the ability to create the same haircut consistently
Parietal Ridge
where the comb leaves the head
Occipital Bone
the bone that protrudes at the base of the skull
Apex
The highest point on the top of the head
Top
the hair that grows above the parietal ridge
Front
everything that falls in front of the ear and is considered the front
Sides
incude all te hair from the the back of the ear forward and below thhe parietal ridge
Crown
the area between the apex and the back of the parietal ridge
Nape
the area at the back part of the neck and consists of the hair below the occipital bone
Back
is all the hair that is from the apex to the back of the ear
Bang
As so known as the fringe area, which is the section that begins at the apex and ends at the front corners
Hairline
Hair that grows at the outermost perimeter along the face, around the ears, and on the neck
Growth Pattern
direction in which the hair grows from the scalp; also referred to as natural fall or natural falling position
A __________ is a thin continuous mark used as a guide
line
An ________ is the space between 2 lines of surfaces that intersect at a given point
angle
Horizontal Line
lines that are parallel to the horizon or the floor
Vertical Line
lines that are up and down and are perpendicular to the floor
Diagonal Lines
between horizontal and vertical and have a slant or slope
Beveling and Stacking
are techniques using diagonal lines to create angles
For control during haircutting the hair is parted into uniform working areas called ____________
sections
Each section may be divided into smaller partings called ___________
subsections
Natural Fall
The way hair falls do to gravity.
Elevation
Any projection or lifting of the hair
Cutting Line
is the angle at which the fingers are held when cutting the line that creats the end shape
Guideline
is a section of the hair that determines the length the hair will be cut
Stationary Guideline
is a guide that does not move.
Traveling Guide
Movable guide
______________ occurs when you comb the hair away from its natural falling postion
Overdirection
A great haircut always begins with what?
Great Consultation
When deciding on a cut, what are we looking at in the consultation?
Face Shape
Growth Patterns
Texture
Density
Elasticity
Hairline
What tools are needs when doing a hair cut?
Haircutting shears
Texturizing shears
Razor
Clippers
Trimmers
Sectioning Clips
Wide tooth comb
Tail comb
Barber comb
Styling or cutting comb
Fading comb
Shears are made of ___________
steel
Cast
method of manufacturing shears; a metal-forming process whereby molten steel is pured into a mold and once the metal is cooled, takes on the shape of the mold
Forged
process of working metal to a finished shape by hammering or processing (more durable)
Bacis Hair Cuts
Blunt haircut
Graduated Haircut
Uniform Layered Haircut
Long Layered Haircut
Blunt
has a weight line, zero degree projection and a stationary guide
Graduated Haircut
graduated shape or wedge; an effect or haircut that results from cutting the hair with tension, low to medium elevation. Has weight line, most common projection 45 degrees, mobil or stationary guide
Uniform Layered Haircut
hair is elevated to 90 degrees from the scalp. Has no weight line and a mobil guideline
Long Layer Haircut
haircut in which the hair is cut at a 180-degree angle; the resulting shape has shorter layers at the top and increasingly longer layers towards the perimeter. Uses a mobil and/or stationary guidelines
Cross-Checking
parting the haircut in the opposite way from which you cut it in; in order to check for precion of line and shape
Razor Cuts
give a softer appearance than a shear cut
Texturizing
the process of removing excess bulk without shortening the lenght. Can be done with cutting shears, thining shears or a razor
Slide Cutting
method of cutting or thinning the hair in which the fingers and shears glide along the edge of the hair to remove length
Scissors-Over-Comb
haircutting technique in whih the hair is held in place with the comb while the tips of the scissors are used to remove length
Point Cutting
haircutting technique in wich the tips of the shears are used to cut points in the end of the hair
Slithering
cutting the hair with a sliding movement of the shears while keeping the blades partially opened
Slicing
hair cutting technique that removes the bulk and ads movement through the length of the hair
Carving
haircutting technique done by placing the still blade into the hair and resting it on the scalp and then moving the shears through the hair while opening and partially closing the shears
Removing bulk
thinning
Free-Hand Notching
haircutting technique in which pieces of hair are snipped out at random intervals
Taper
haircutting ffect in which there is an even blend from very short at hair line to longer lengths as you move up the head
Shrinkage
when hair contracts or lifts through the action of moistureloss
Texturizing
haircutting technique designed to remove excess bulk without shortening the length
Tension
amount of pressure applied when combing and holding a section, created by stretching or pulling the section