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Dr. Hill Religion Final
Terms in this set (92)
The good news about Jesus
His Life, Death and Resurrection
Matthew, Mark and Luke
They provide summaries of who Jesus was
A story in prose or verse that illustrates a lesson
Where Jesus was born
The descent of the holy spirit among the apostles
Celebrated 50 days after Easter with a feast
a term given to the narratives in the canonical gospels of the suffering and death of Jesus
The Lord's Super
Take this bread and eat it. This is my body...
A sudden realization
Celebrates the revelation of God being the son as a human being in Jesus Christ.
A school of thought among Latin American Catholics according to Gospel of Christ, the church must focus its effort on liberating the people of the world from poverty and oppression.
First black archbishop of Cape Town, South Africa
Opponent of the Apartheid
South African Anglican clergy and civil rights activist: Nobel Peace Prize winner in 1984
Act of violating God's will
parable of the Prodigal Son
New Testament in the Gospel of Luke
The story of two sons. One asks for his inheritance early and ends up starving because of a drought. The son comes back to his father's house and expects his father to turn him away because he has wasted his inheritance. But the father welcomes him with open arms and has a feast. The other son that thought he was doing everything "right" was upset and sat out of the feast.
A charitable or helpful person
Also a person (technically regard
Jewish resistance fighter who fought the romans and were defeated in the siege of Jerusalem
before common era
The complete destruction of the world
A leader or savior of a particular group or cause
A region in North Israel
Where Nazareth resides
Christ rising from the dead
God is the father, son, and the holy spirit.
translated as "mystery"
The sacred rites that are thought capable of transmitting the mystery of Christ to worshipers.
Example - baptism, confirmation, eucharist, penance, extreme unction, holy orders, and matrimony
initiation and symbolic purification from sin by water
The forty days of spiritual preparation leading up to Easter. Ceremonies and rituals and rules of proper conduct, in the Confucian tradition.
To reconsider the traditions, practices, scriptures, and theologies of those religions from a feminist perspective
promotion of unity among the world's Christian churches
The reconciliation of God and humankind through Jesus Christ.
A person who follows the beliefs of judaism
Priest and wealthy businesspeople, conservatives intent on preserving the letter of the law (of Judaism)
A worldwide transdenominational movement within Protestant Christianity maintaining that the essence of the gospel consists in the doctrine of salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ's atonement
Four defining characteristics
1. Biblicism (a particular and constant regard for the Bible)
2. Crucicentrism (a stress on the atoning sacrifice of Jesus on the cross)
3. Conversionism (conviction that lives need to be changed)
4. Activism (the expression of the gospel in effort)
The religious teachings for Judaism
Given to God through Moses
A set of writings believed to be uniquely authoritative
Chronology of Jesus' life
Low Christology -
Pre easter Jesus (man) baptized by John, crucified as a criminal, wisdom teacher (rabbi), reformer
High Christology -
post easter Jesus
God + man
pre existed with God Father
Resurrected as lord
When Jesus was hung by a cross and left their to die. He died on the cross as a sinless human. He died on the cross to save us from sin.
A form of Christianity that emphasizes the work of the Holy Spirit, spiritual gifts, and modern day miracles.
the love of God for man and of man of God
a collection of ancient books found, in some editions of the bible, in a separate section between the old and new testament
The first four Sundays before Christmas celebrating the coming of Christ
Pope John Paul II
-helped end communist rule
-helped relations with Judaism, Islam, Eastern Orthodox Church, and the Anglican Communion
Gave birth to Jesus
Wife to Joseph
Liberals who tried to practice Torah in their lives
Monastic Jews who were living communally, apart from the world, about the time of Jesus
believed Pharisees and Sadduas weren't as pure
Vows of poverty
The field of theological study that attempts to interpret scripture
Insistence on what people perceive as the historical form of their religion, in contrast to more contemporary influences. This ideal sometimes takes extreme, rigidly exclusive, or violent forms.
In Islam, a traditional report about a reputed saying or action of the Prophet Muhammad
Muhammad's migration from mecca to medina
In Sunni Islam, the successor to the Prophet
American muslim minister and a human rights activist
A person seeking to establish Islamic states in which the rule of God is supreme
Independent reasoning or the utmost effort an individual can put forth in an activity
Osama Bin Ladin
Founder of al-Qaeda
Practiced radical islam
A selfless fighter in the path of Allah
The teachings of Islam
The holy month of fasting from dusk until dawn
One of the five principles of Islam
the verbally transmitted record of the teachings, deeds and sayings, silent permissions (or disapprovals) of the Islamic prophet Muhammad
Nation of Islam
A religious group, popularly known as the Black Muslims, founded by Elijah Muhammad to promote black separatism and the Islamic religion
The divine law in Islam
In Islam, a legal opinion issued by an authority according to a particular school of law
Fighting against an outer enemy
For a just cause
If you have been wronged you can retaliate but under law
Fighting against one's self
To abstain from eating and drinking during daylight hours
Confession of faith
The sin of believing in any divinity except the one God, in Islam
The place of pilgrimage
Supernatural creatures in early Arabian and later islamic mythology and theology
The night journey Muhammad's ascension from Jerusalem through the seven heavens to the throne of God. The journey Muhammad took for enlightenment.
proclaimed himself a messenger of god recruited thousands of African Americans to Islam called "black muslims" in the nation of Islam had rumors about his sexual contact with his secretaries.
Elijah muhammad's son
Warith Deed Muhammad
developed contact with mainstream muslims in other countries and came to the conclusion that Elijah Muhammad's version of Islam was far removed from Muslim orthodoxy. Steered believer back to true islam.
Is a veil that covers the head and chest, which is sometimes worn by some muslim women beyond the age of puberty
An Iranian ayatollah, revolutionary, politician, the founder of the Islamic republic of Iran and the leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution which saw the overthrow Pahlavi monarchy
5 times a day towards mecca
A religious obligation for all muslims who meet the necessary criteria of wealth. A tax.
A man who calls muslims to prayer from the minaret of a mosque
Small shrine located near the center of the Great Mosque in Mecca considered by Muslims everywhere to be the most sacred spot on earth.
bringers of a divine revelation via an angel
What are some of the central beliefs and practices of Christianity?
Christians believe in the holy trinity. God is three parts. He is Father, son and the holy spirit.
God sent down his son to earth to show people how live a godly life and how to incorporate God back into their lives.
Jesus taught us forgiveness and to repent our sins. God's grace is bigger than we can ever imagine. How ever far gone we are, we can always come back to God.
The eucharist is an essential practice to Christianity. It is when Jesus shares the blood and the body of Christ.
Easter - the resurrection
Christmas - Jesus' birth
love, kindness, forgiveness
How do Christians view God? What is the trinity?
Christians view God as the only God. However he is essential three forms (Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit) which is the Holy Trinity.
What is the canon?
The canon is a set of writings believed to be uniquely authoritative
How do the synoptic gospels begin differently?
Matthew - Genealogy lineage
Mark - John in the desert baptizing and preaching...Jesus baptized by John --> Jesus goes to the desert and John goes to Jail
Luke - Starts in the form of a letter
Dear Theophilus (lover of God)
How is Jesus described in different ways in Matthew and Luke?
Matthew - From Joseph's perspective
Kingly/priest view of Jesus
Luke- Mary's perspective
Sacrificial lord/lamb view of Jesus
Why is Jesus frequently viewed as an advocate of radical ethics? How did he break with some common moral cultural understandings of his day?
He basically flopped what everyone thought to be the right way to act. He treated everyone the same whether they were a noble or a tax collector. He helped the sick, the poor, the prostitutes, etc.
Love your neighbor as you love yourself
What is the symbolic significance of Baptism and the Holy Eucharist? And What are other important Christian practices?
Baptism - your sins are washed away and you are born again.
Eucharist (thanks)- Ordinary bread and wine become the body and blood of Christ. Nourishment for the soul.
Last few hours of Christ's life. A reenactment of The Last Supper
Other important Christian practices
-washing of feet
How do Christians view violence?
Jesus preached love. Violence is not the answer. Radical people believe other wise.
Crusaders- holy war in God's name
Pacifist- no war at all -- people who believe that war and violence are unjustifiable
Muslims don't have this view
How do muslims view god?
Allah is the only one!
Who is a messenger and how does he differ from a prophet?
Prophets include messengers (bringers of divine revelation).
Prophets -lawbringers that muslims believe were sent by God to every people, bringing God's message
Example Muhammad is a messenger and a prophet.
Jesus is also a prophet and a messenger.
not all prophets are messengers, but all messengers are prophets.
What will the judgement day be like?
A day will come when the whole universe will be destroyed and the dead will be resurrected for judgment by God. This day will be the beginning of a life that will never end. People will be rewarded by God according to their beliefs and deeds. Those who believe "there is no true god but God, and Muhammad is the Messenger of God" will be rewarded that day and will be admitted to paradise forever.
How do most Muslims view violence?
Most are against it. It is a loving religion.
Lesser Jihad vs. Greater Jihad
What are the five pillars? Can you give examples of each?
Shahada - confession of faith
Salat - prayer 5 x a day
Zakat- Charity 2%
Sawn - Fasting (ramadan)
Hajj - Pilgrimage to mecca
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