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False- (The nurse is in an ideal position to provide nutrition information to patients and their families since he or she is the one with the greatest client contact.)
The nurse's role in nutrition is to call the dietitian. T/F
True-(Nutritional status is loosely defined as the state of balance between nutrient supply and demand.)
Nutritional status is the balance between nutrient intake and requirements. T/F
True-(Clients may respond to the buzzword diet with an answer they think you expect. Asking if they avoid any particular foods or "watch" what they eat may be more revealing.)
Asking a client if he/she is on a diet may not be of much value in determining usual intake. T/F
False-( Changes in weight may be slow to occur. Weight changes are more reflective of chronic, not acute, changes in nutritional status.)
Changes in weight reflect acute changes in nutritional status. T/F
True- (A person can be malnourished without being underweight. Weight does not provide qualitative information about body composition.)
A person can be malnourished without being underweight. T/F
False-( Low serum albumin levels may be caused by problems other than protein malnutrition such as injury, infection, overhydration, and liver disease.)
The only cause of a low serum albumin concentration is protein malnutrition. T/F
True- (Weight loss is jugded significant if there is a 5% loss over the course of 1 month.)
"Significant" weight loss is 5% of body weight in 1 month. T/F
True- (People who take five or more prescription drugs, over-the-counter drugs, or dietary supplements are at increase risk for developing drug-induced nutrient deficiencies.)
People who take five or more prescription or over-the-counter medications or dietary supplements are at risk for nutritional problems. T/F
False-(Specific lists of foods to choose and foods to avoid should be used only if absolutely necessary. It is important to focus on the quantity and frequency of food consumed rather than absolute "do's" and "don'ts".)
Written handouts that list "food to avoid" and "foods to choose" are valuable teaching tools because they provide explicit do's and don'ts. T/F
True- (Physical signs and symptoms of malnutrition develop only after other signs of malnutrition, such as laboratory and weight changes, are observed.)
Physical signs and symptoms of malnutrition develop only after other signs of malnutrition are apparent (e.g., abnormal lab values, weight change).
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