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Arts and Humanities
Art as Experience Architecture Vocabulary
Terms in this set (39)
The passage or aisle that leads around the apse of a Christian church. Developed for use in pilgrimage churches, an ambulatory usually allows general passage from the nave around the east end of a church without giving access to the restricted areas of the choir and altar.
A large semicircular or polygonal niche protruding from the end wall of an axial building. The eastern end of a Christian Church containing the altar. Apsidal is an adjective describing the condition of having a semicircular or polygonal space within a building.
A series of arches, carried by columns or piers and supporting a common wall.
A curved structural element that spans an open space built from wedge shaped stone blocks called voussoirs, which when placed together and held at the top by an oblong keystone, form an effective weight bearing unit. Requires support at either side to contain outward thrust of structure. Found in a variety of shapes.
The vestibule of an Early Christian basilica plan church
A building used for the Christian ritual of baptism. It is usually octagonal or circular in shape.
A large rectangular building with an open interior space. Often built with a clerestory and side aisles separated from the center space by colonnades. Used in Roman times as centers for administration of justice and later adapted to the Christian church.
In architecture, construction in which the wall supports itself, the roof and floors.
A type of architectural support. Usually consists of a masonry pillar with a wide base built against an exterior wall to brace the wall and strengthen vaults. Act by transferring the weight of the building from a higher point to the ground. Flying buttress: An arch built on the exterior of a building that transfers the thrust of the roof vaults at important stress points through the wall to a detached buttress pier.
In architecture a structural system in which an overhanging beam is supported only at one end.
The sculpted block which tops a classical column. According to the conventions of the orders, capitals include different decorative elements.
The section of a church, usually between the crossing and the apse, where the clergy presides and singers perform.
The topmost zone of a wall with windows. Provides direct light into the central interior space
An architectural element used for support and/or decoration. Consists of a rounded vertical pillar or shaft placed on a raised block or base topped by a larger, usually decorative block - capital.
A sequence or row of columns, supporting a straight lintel or a series of arcades.
Typically found in a Romanesque or Gothic church, a compound pier is a pier or large column with multiple shafts, pilasters, or colonnettes attached to it on one or all sides.
Building style used in pre-medieval times. Used stones which were piled one on top of another and held together by the weight of the structure - no concrete or mortar is used.
The part of a cross shaped church where the nave and the transept meet, often marked on the exterior by a tower or dome
A term describing anything that is cross-shaped, as in the cruciform plan of a church
A round vault usually over a circular space. Consists of the supporting vertical wall (drum) from which the vault springs, and a curved masonry vault of shapes and cross sections that can vary from hemispherical to bulbous to ovoidal. Usually crowned by an open space (oculus) and/or an exterior lantern. When a dome is built over a square space, an intermediate element is required to make the transition to a circular drum. There are two types: A dome on pendentives incorporates sloping intermediate sections of wall at the upper corner of the space (called pendentives) to spread the weight of the dome evenly. A dome on squinches uses an arch built into the wall in the upper corners of the space to carry the weight of the dome across the corners of the square space below.
In architecture one of three orders of Greek architecture. Characterized by two opposed volutes (a spiral scroll) in the capital. Doric and Corinthian are the other two orders. The capitals are different in each.
A cross-shaped building plan, incorporating one longer stem (nave) and three arms of equal length. The common form for a Christian church.
A method of creating designs with small colored stone or glass pieces which are affixed to a cement surface
The rectangular vestibule at the main (usually western) entrance of a church. In early Christian architecture, it can also be an entrance porch with columns on the outside of a church.
The long central space of a Christian church, usually rectangular in shape and often separated from the side aisles by colonnades.
Post and Lintel construction
An architectural system of construction with two or more vertical elements (posts) supporting a horizontal element (lintel)
An arched masonry structure or roof that spans an interior space. In different shapes, called by different names. Barrel vault: a continuous semicircular vault. Groin Vault or cross vault: a vault created by the intersection of two barrel vaults of equal size. Rib vault: a rib vault is found when the joining of curved sides of a groin vault is demarcated by a raised ridge.
Parts of a Greek Temple (in the following flashcards)
In architecture a horizontal structure supported by columns, which supports any other element, such as a pediment, that is placed above . From top to bottom the entablature consists of a cornice, a frieze, and an acrchitrave.
In architecture , a horizontal molding that projects along the top of a wall or a building: The uppermost part of an entablature.
In architecture, the lower part of an entablature which may consist of one or more horizontal bands.
In architecture any triangular shape surrounded by cornices, especially one that surmounts the entablature of the portico façade of Greek temple. The Romans frequently placed pediments without support over windows and doorways
in architecture a spiral scroll ornamenting an Ionic or Corinthian capital.
A moderately ornate Greek architectural style introduced from Asia Minor and characterized by spiral scrolls on capitals and a continuous frieze.
The most ornate of the Greek architectural styles, characterized by slender, fluted columns and capitals with an acanthus leaf design.
The entrance façade of a Greek temple, adapted for use with other buildings and consisting of a colonnade, entablature, and pediment
The central room of the temple usually housed the cult statue of the god or goddess to whom the temple was dedicated.
In Greek temples they were composed of drums stacked on top of one another and fitted with dowels
a horizontal band between the architrave and the cornice that is often decorated with sculpture.
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