Ancient India and Persia
Terms in this set (24)
A large country located in Southern Asia. The topic of these flashcards.
A country next to India that once was apart of India.
A large area of land that is separated from other areas. South Asia is one of these because it is separated from the rest of Asia.
The highest mountain in the world. It is located in the Himalayas mountain range and is 29,035 feet tall.
A season that contains a lot of rain. It lasts from June through September and is good for farming.
A mountain in Pakistan that is the second tallest mountain in the world.
A flat plain in India that is next to the Indus and Ganges river.
A process in which families trade food with small groups of people in their villages.
Indus River Valley
A valley which lies on a plain in Pakistan. It is the site of one of the world's oldest civilizations.
A plateau that is located where India narrows down to the shape of a diamond.
Rugged mountains that are west of the Deccan Plateau.
Rolling mountains that are east of the Deccan Plateau.
A city in the Indus River Valley that grew a lot of cotton. It mysteriously vanished sometime around 1700B.C. Many archaeologists think that a natural disaster caused it to disappear because the land made it very possible.
A city located in the Indus River Valley that had complex architecture and city planning. The people used a system of weights and measured to build things. This city was organized in a grid. People enjoyed a public bath. like Harappa, this city mysteriously disappeared.
A group of people that came to India and took it over. The brought many new beliefs to India.
The language that the Aryans spoke. Archaeologists have not been able to decode it.
A book that contains lots of information about the Aryans. It is also called "The Book of Documents."
Priests and teachers that held the highest position in society.
People who were in the lowest position of society. They farmed and served others.
The founder of the Persian Empire.
A king who followed Cyrus II and brought the Persian Empire to India.
A religion founded by the Persian prophet, Zoroaster.
A soldier who seized power in India. He started the Mauryan Empire, the first Indian empire.
Chandragupta's grandson who took power of the Mauryan Empire in about 270B.C. He stretched the empire south to the Deccan Plateau.