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44 terms

Psychiatry Vocab Symptoms and Disorders

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affect
external expression of emotion, or emotional response
amnesia
the loss of memory
anorexia nervosa
an eating disorder that involves self-starvation, a distorted body image, and low body weight
anxiety disorders
Characterized by unpleasant tensions, distress, and avoidance behavior; examples are phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic distress disorder.
apathy
a lack of feeling, emotion, or interest
autism
A pervasive developmental disorder marked by severe impairments in social relationships and communication as well as bizarre behavior patterns.
bipolar disorder
A mental disorder characterized by episodes of mania and depression
bulimia nervosa
an eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by purging and depression
cannabis
substance from which marijuana is made
compulsion
uncontrollable urge to perform an act repeatedly
conversion disorder
condition marked by physical symptoms with no organic basis, appearing as a result of anxiety and unconscious inner conflict
defense mechanism
Unconscious technique (coping mechanism) that a person uses to resolve or conceal conflicts and anxiety.
delirium
confused thinking and disrupted attention usually accompanied by distorted speech and hallucinations
delusion
fixed, false belief that cannot be changed by logical reasoning or evidence
dementia
loss of intellectual abilities with impairment of memory, judgment, and reasoning as well as changes in personality.
depression
Major mood disorder with chronic sadness, loss of energy, hopelessness, worry, and discouragement and, commonly, suicidal impulses and thoughts.
dissociative disorder
Chronic or sudden disturbance of memory, identity, or consciousness; examples are multiple-personality disorder and psychogenic amnesia.
ego
Central coordinating branch of the personality or mind.
fugue
flight from customary surroundings; dissociative disorder
gender identity disorder
Strong and persistent cross-gender identification with the opposite sex.
hallucination
false sensory perception (hearing voices and seeing things)
id
Major unconscious part of the personality; energy from instinctual drives and desires.
labile
unstable; undergoing rapid emotional change
mania
Extreme excitement, hyperactive elation, and agitation. Don't confuse with the suffix -mania, meaning obsession.
mood disorders
prolonged emotion dominates a person's life
mutism
nonreactive state with inabililty to speak (aphonia)
obsessive-compulsive disorder
anxiety disorder in which recurrent thoughts and repetitive acts dominate behavior
paranoia
overly suspicious system of thinking; fixed delusion that one is being harassed, persecuted, or unfairly treated
paraphilia
Recurrent, intense sexual urge; fantasy or behavior that involves unusual objects, activities and situations.
personality disorders
lifelong personality patterns marked by inflexibility and impairment of social functioning
pervasive developmental disorders
group of childhood disorders characterized by delays in socialization and communication skills; autism and Asperger syndrome are examples
phobia
an irrational, persistent fear of an object, situation, or social activity
post-traumatic stress
Anxiety related symptoms appear following exposure to personal experience of a traumatic event
projective (personality) test
diagnostic personality test using unstructured stimuli (inkblots, pictures abstract patterns, incomplete sentences) to evoke responses that reflext aspects of an individual's personality
psychiatrist
a professional who earned a medical degree (M.D.) and complete a residency in psychiatry. Specialists in working with people with major psychological disorders - they are schooled in the biomedical model which focuses on the physical processes thought to underly mental and emotional disorders.
psychologist
a nonmedical doctor of psychology who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders
psychosis
a disorder marked by loss of contact with reality; often with delusions and hallucinations
reality testing
psychological process that distinguishes fact from fantasy; severely impaired in psychosis
repression
Defense mechanism by which anxiety-provoking thoughts and feelings are forced to the unconscious.
schizophrenia
a disorder characterized by severe disturbances in thinking, mood, awareness, and behavior
sexual disorder
Paraphilias and sexual dysfunction
somatoform disorder
presence of physical symptoms that cannot be explained by an actual physical disorder or other well-described mental disorder such as depression
substance-related disorder
regular overuse of psychoactive substances (alcohol, amphetamines, cannabis, cocaine, hallucinogens, opoids, and sedatives) that affect CNS
superego
Internalized conscience and moral part of the personality.