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429 terms

Final Med terms 3

STUDY
PLAY
plasia
formation
astro
star-shaped
adeno
gland
carcin
cancer
cyte
cell
brachy
short
therapy
treatment
gen
formation, produce
oid
resemble
chondro
cartilage
sarc
flesh
sarcoma
tumor of the flesh
chorio
membrane, chorion
in situ
in place
fibro
fiber
glio
glue
hemangio
blood vessel
inter
between
leio
smooth
myo
muscle
leuk
white
emia
blood condition
plakia
plate
lip
fat
lymphangio
lymph vessel
medullo
marrow
blast
immature cell
blastoma
tumor of an immature cell
meningi
meninges, membrane
mucos
mucus
muta
to change
myco
fungus
tox
poison
in
chemical substance
myel
bone marrow
neo
new
nephro
kidneys
neuro
nerves
oligo
little
dendro
tree
onco
tumor
ossteo
bone
pre
before
reticulo
net
retino
retina
rhabdomyo
rod-shaped muscle
semin
seed
tele
distant or end
terat
monster
thym
thymus
xero
dry
stom
month
ia
condition
meta
beyond
plaso
molding, formation
oma
tumor, mass
adreno CA
adrenocarcinoma
AFP
alpha-fetoprotein
BRCA
breast cancer gene
BSE
Breast self-examination
Bx
biopsy
CA
cancer
CA 125
Cancer antigen 125
CEA
Carcinomoembryonic antigen
CIS
Carcinoma in situ
DCIS
ductal carcinoma in situ
ERT
external radiation therapy
XRT
X-radiotherapy
LCIS
lobular carcinoma in situ
PSA
prostate-specific antigen
St
stage
TNM
tumor, nodes, metastasis
TSE
testicular self-examination
mets
metastasis (spread)
Scirrho
hard
ic
pertaining to
anti
against
epilept
seizure
con
with, together
vuls
tear, pull
gram
a record
graph
to record
ography
process of recording
electro
electricity
encephal/o
brain
neuro
nerve
diagnost
decision
al
pertaining to
motor
to move
ology
the study of
ologist
one who studies
seiz
to grab, convulse
sens
feel
ton
pressure, tension
clon
violent action
afferent
to bring to
auto
self
efferent
to bring away from
ganglion
collection of nerve cell bodies outside the CNS
nerve
cord of fibers in connective tissues
neuron
nerve cell
para
beside
sym
together
peripher
outer part
somat
body
viscer
internal organs
dendrite
branched extension of the nerve cell body
endo
within
myel
spinal cord
trans
across
epi
upon, above
nephro
kidney
in
chemical substance
cyte
cell
astro
star
cerebro
brain
cognition
knowledge
micro
small
glia
glue, supportive tissue of the nervous system
oligo
scanty
cerebelllum
the most posterior part of the brain
ium
structure
corpus
body
cortex
shell, outer part
gyri
circles
sulci
groove on the surface of the cerebral hemispheres
occipit
back of head
us
pertaining to
medulla
middle
reticul
network
ar
pertaining to
audi, audit
hearing
crani
skull, cranium
eal
pertaining to
glosso
tongue
pharyngo, pharynge
throat
oculo
eye
olfact
smell
opt
eye
tri
three
C1
cervical spinal nerve 1
T1
thoracic spinal nerve 1
L1
Lumbar nerve 1
oid
resemble
arachn
cobweb, spider
cauda
tail
equina
horse
cervic
neck
tome
instument fo cutting
derma
skin
dura
hard
epi
above
inter
between
vertebra
single back bone
meninges
membranes covering brain and spinal cord
pia
delicate
sub
under
thorac
chest
de
without
ment
mind, chin bone
ia
condition
arterio
artery
ous
pertaining to
ven
vein
mal
bad
carotid
large neck artery
hemi
half
paresis
weakness
plegia
condition of paralysis
angio
vessel
olysis
destruction
thrombo
blood clot
taxia
muscular cordination
di
two
mono
one
quadri
four
spast
tight
tri
three
grand
big
petit
small
post
after
bovine
pertaining to cattle
brachy
short
therapy
treatment
oma
tumor
somn
sleep
alges
sensation to pain
esthes
sensation
cryo
icy cold
intra
within, inside
multi
many
hemat
blood
algia
pain
myo
muscle
troph, trophy
development, nourishment
polio
gray matter
spondyl
vertebre
cide
kill
sthen
strength
gravis
serious
poly
many
toxin
poison
hydro
water
cephal
head
cele
abnormal protrusion
cyst
bladder
occult
hidden
gen
produce, create
terato
monster
sono
sound
echo
reflected sound
en
in
ive
pertaining to
psychoe
mind, sole
sedat
to calm
tranquil
calm
ptosis
drooping
NSAIDs
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
CP
cerebal palsy
CVA
cerebrovascular accident
TIA
transient ischemic attack
tPA
Tissue plasminogen activator
MS
multiple sclerosis
EEG
electroencephalogram
CNS
central nervous system
CT
computed tomography
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging
ANS
autonomic nervous system
PNS
peripheral nervous system
PET
position emission tomography
CSF
cerebrospinal fluid
TB
tuberculosis
LOC
loss of consciousness
IV
intravenous
GI
gastrointestinal
ALS
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
AIDS
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
HIV
Human immunodeficiency virus
an
without
algesia
sensation of pain
ic
pertaining to
itis
inflammation
oto
ear
ology
study of
rhino
nose
larynog
voice box
audi/audio
hearing
osis
condition
myco
fungus
scope
instrument for viewing
tympan
ear drum
myringo
ear drum
al
pertaining to
lacrim
tears, tear ducts
nas/o
nose
ophthalm/o
eye
ic
pertaining to
peri
around
orbit
eye socket
anti
against
bio
life
blephar
eyelid
ptosis
drooping
con
together
dacry/o
tears, lacrimal duct
cyst
sac or bladder
osis
condition
sten
narrowing, constrict
paresis
weakness
phobia
fear
photo
light
ambly
lazy, dull
opia
sight
ia
condition
eso
inward
trop
turn
ar
pertaining to
exo
outward, outside
ocul
eye
opt/o
vision
metrist
skilled in measurement
strab
squint
ary
pertaining to
iris
colored portion of the eye
cornea
the central transparent part of the outer layer of the eye.
lens
transparent refraction behind the eye
pupil
opening in the center of the iris that allows light into the lens.
retina
light-sensative innermost layer of eyeball
sclera
hard, white of eye
lutea
yellow
stigmat
focus
metr
measure
kerat/o
cornea
otomy
surgical incision
presby
old age, elderly
intra
inside, within
neo
new
nate
birth, born
phaco
lens
angio
vessel
gram
a record
ography
process of recording
pexy
surgical fixation
cryo
icy cold
crani
cranium, skull
leuko
white
cor
pupil
scope
instrument for viewing
oscopy
to examine, to view
blast
immature cell
oma
tumor, mass
opathy
disease
meter
measure
metry
process of measuring
ton/o
pressure, tension
O.D or OD
right eye
O.S. or OS
left eye
OU
both eyes
PERRLA
pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accommodation
PERRL
pupils equal, round, reactive to light
gyneco
female
orifice
opening
perineum
between thighs, extending from the coccyx to the pubis.
post
after
one
chemical substance, hormone
pro
before
gest
pregnancy
iasis
condition
ia
condition
pareun
sexual intercourse
dynia
pain
orrhea
flow or discharge, drainage
tricho
hair
mono
one
cerv
neck
menstru
menses, occurring monthly
meno
menistration
poly
many
adnex
connected parts
ante
before
vert
to turn
vers
turned
ium
structure
metri
uterus
myo
muscle
peri
around
retro
backward
trop
stimulation
arche
beginning
pre
before
nat
born
pause
cessation
pexy
surgical fixation
colpo
vagina
cele
abnormal pretrusion
cysto
bladder, sac
hyster
uterus
recto
rectum
salpingo
fallopian tube
orrhagia
profuse bleeding, discharge
plasia
coordination growth
gram
report
ography
process of reporting
intra
within
coit
sexual intercourse
anastom
join together
contra
against
ligat
tie off
oophor
ovary
GYN
Gynecology
HSG
Hysterosalpingogram
IUD
Intrauterine device
PID
Pelvic inflammatory disease
PMS
Premenstrual syndrome
HRT
Hormone replacement therapy
LH
Luteinizing hormone
FSH
Folical stimulating hormone
DUB
dysfunctional uterine bleeding
WNL
Within normal limits
CS
Cesarean Section
hCG
human chorionic granodotropin
D&C
dilation & curettage
EDC
expected date of confinement
LMP
Last menstral period
grav 1
# of pregnancies
para 1
# of deliveries
OB
obstetrics
AFP
Alpha-feto protein
didymis
testis
gonad
testis
torsion
to twist
andro
male, masculine
oo
egg
crypt
hidden
orch
tisticle, testis
orcid
testis
cele
abnormal protrussion
pexy
surgical fixation
varico
dialated twisted vein
uro
urine
vesicle
small sac containing liquid blister
anastom
joined together
noct
night
uria
urine
poly
many
resect
cut off
scope
instrument for viewing
prepuce
foreskin
balan
glans penis
circum
around
contra
against
para
abnormal
phim
muzzled, narrow
cide
to kill
stricture
narrowing
urethro
urethra
otomy
surgical incision
spadias
opening
mL
milliliter
STD
sexually transmitted disease
ED
Erectile dysfunction
HPV
Human papillomavirus
GC
gonococcus
BPH
benign prostatic hyperplasia
TURP
Transurethral resection of the prostate
UTI
urinary tract infection
PSA
prostate-specific antigen
BMR
basal metabolic rate
c/o
complains of