20 terms

Groundwater and surface water Vocabulary

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Terms in this set (...)

Groundwater
The water beneath the surface of the ground, consisting largely of surface water that has seeped down: the source of water in springs and wells.
Wells
A deep hole or shaft sunk into the Earth to obtain water, oil, or gas
Aquifers
A body of permeable rock that can contain or transmit groundwater.
Supplies the water to wells and springs.
Input
To put in, place, set
This is where water enters the system
Examples: Rain infiltrates the ground... stream is an input to a river
Also called recharge
Output
The act of producing something.
Examples: Wells
Also called discharge
Suspension
to be held up by a stream's moving water
Example: sand or clay is carried
Fast moving water carries larger particles
Water Table
Underground surface beneath which Earth materials, as soil or rock, are saturated with water.
runoff
water that flows down into a river
influenced by angle of slope, soil composition, amount of precipitation and presence of vegetation
watershed
land area drained by a stream
bed load
sediments too heavy to be held up by a stream
sediments will roll along the bottom of the stream bed
discharge
volume of stream water that flows over a specific location in a certain amount of time
flood
when water overflows a stream bank onto the surrounding land
flood plain
broad flat fertile are covered by water when it floods
hydrologic cycle
the water cycle
infiltration
process of precipitation entering the ground to become ground water
saturated
filled with water
unsaturated
not filled with water
porosity
void space between objects
permability
when ground water absorbs water.
surface water
water that stays on the surface of the Earth and does not become ground water, lakes, river, wetlands or streams.

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