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55 terms

Male Reproductive System and Terms -55

Male Reproductive Systems and terms- 55 Fun!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
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Primary sex organs
two testes
Gonad
seed, can be the testis or ovary
Secondary sex organs
penis, scrotum, system of ducts including epididymis, ductus (vas) deferens, urethra
Accessory Glands
prostate, seminal vesicles, bulbourethral glands
Genit-
primary male or female sex organs
-alia
pertaining to; condition
genitalia
external and internal organs of reproduction
perineum
diamond-shaped region between thighs from the coccyx to the pubis, includes penis, scrotum, testes, anus
scrotum
sac containing testes
testes
testicles
penis
tail, conveys urine and semen to the outside
varico-
varicosity; vein which the scrotum is attached to.
-cele
swelling
hypro-
water
spermato-
sperm
crypt-
hidden
-orch-
testicle
orchitis
inflammation of the testicles
testicular cancer
usually develops in male under 40 years of age
epididymis
tube that arises from the testes
cryptorchism*
failure of one or both testes to descend into the scrotum
sperm
seed; mature male sex cell (spermatozoa = plural form)
spermatogenesis
process by which male germ cells differentiate into sperm
spermicide
agent that destroys sperm
androgen
hormone that promotes masculine characteristics
testosterone
powerful androgen produced by testes
semen
penile ejaculate containing sperm and seminal fluid
seminiferous
semen; to bear, carry; pertaining to = pertaining to carrying semen
epididymoorchitis
inflammation of the epididymis and testicle
ejaculate
to expel suddenly OR the semen expelled in ejaculation
motile
capable of spontaneous movement
prostate
glad located immediately below the bladder and surrounds the beginning of the urethra
PSA
(Prostate-Specific Enzyme) = screening test for prostate cancer
benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH*
non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate
BEP
Benign Enlargement of the Prostate
Digital Rectal Examination DRE
an examination used to detect enlargement of the prostate
Transurethral resection of the prostate TURP
a surgical treatment for Benign prostatic hyperplasia
hyperplasia
increase in NUMBER of the cells in a tissue or organ
hypertrophy
increase in SIZE of the cells in a tissue or organ
vasectomy
excision or a segment of the vas deferens
vasovasostomy
reanastomosis of the ductus deferens to restore the flow of sperm
glans
head of penis or clitoris
prepuce(foreskin)
fold of skin that covers the glans penis
circumcision
removal of the foreskin
priapism
persistent, painful erection (ex: drugs, blood clots)
cancer
occurs most commonly on the glans; it is rare in men who have had circumcision
sexually transmitted diseases
can cause lesions on the penis
Erectile dysfunction
inability to have a satisfactory erection
erection
distended and rigid state of an organ
epispadias
condition in which the urethral opening is on the dorsum (top, side, or the length) of the penis
hypospadias
urethral opening is on the under-surface of the penis instead of at the head of the glans
SET
Self Exam of Testes
balanitis
glens penis/inflammation = inflammation of the glans and prepuce of the penis
phimosis
muzzle/condition = a condititon where the prepuce can not be retracted
paraphimosis
abnormal;muzzle; condition = condition in which a retracted foreskin cannot be pulled forward to cover the glans