27 terms

teaching reading test 1: ch 13

what is word consciousness?
interest and awareness of words
what does it mean to use words skillfully?
appreciate subtleties of word meaning and use word accordingly
what is adept diction?
skillful use of words in speech and writing
how can teachers encourage adept diction
modeling with choice of words, pointing out skillful use in text, encouraging to expand range of words used in speech and writing
why is it important for teachers to deliberately use skillful language that intrigues and challenges students?
sets tone, motivates students to expand horizons by using more precise language
how can text offer opportunities to recognize skillful diction?
students can discuss skillful word choices and motivate students to expand their horizons by using more precise language
how can text offer opportunities to recognize skillful diction?
students can discus skillful word choices, vivid phrases or descriptions and the use of language
what might a teacher say to encourage adept diction?
rethink word choices to make writing more vivid precise or suitable for a specific audience
how should teachers extend word use?
make it relevant to outside classroom (where/how to use words)
actual meaning
feeling associated with a word
polar/ complementary antonyms
no middle ground, mutually exclusive (boy/girl) or undo the meaning of each other (wright/ wrong)
scalar/ gradable antonyms
allow for gradations of meaning (happy/sad) good for teaching analogies
how are homographs often used?
in puns (time flies like a bird, fruit flies like a melon)
what are the three most common figures of speech?
idioms, metaphors and similes
what is a simile?
like or as
a phrase or expression in which the entire meaning is different from usual meaning (cut the mustard= capable job)
who will learn the most from idioms?
ell- takes emphasis off literal meanings
what is word play?
a playful attitude toward words in a particular word and language in general
what are 6 benefits of word play?
(1) engages (students in active learning)
(2) builds (on natural language curiosity)
(3) provides motivation (for improvement)
(4) help improve (reading and vocabulary development)
(5) reveal (structures of language)
(6) fosters (independent learning)
what childrens authors use plays on words
dr suess, jack prelutsky
how can word histories be useful?
more conscious of words and begin to appreciate them more
why is word consciousness important?
forms a basis for continuing love of words and language
why is adept diction important?
sustained vocab growth
why is skillful word choice important?
enhances communication
what thought processes does word play require
metacognition and multilinguistic
where is word play common?