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what is word consciousness?

interest and awareness of words

what does it mean to use words skillfully?

appreciate subtleties of word meaning and use word accordingly

what is adept diction?

skillful use of words in speech and writing

how can teachers encourage adept diction

modeling with choice of words, pointing out skillful use in text, encouraging to expand range of words used in speech and writing

why is it important for teachers to deliberately use skillful language that intrigues and challenges students?

sets tone, motivates students to expand horizons by using more precise language

how can text offer opportunities to recognize skillful diction?

students can discuss skillful word choices and motivate students to expand their horizons by using more precise language

how can text offer opportunities to recognize skillful diction?

students can discus skillful word choices, vivid phrases or descriptions and the use of language

what might a teacher say to encourage adept diction?

rethink word choices to make writing more vivid precise or suitable for a specific audience

how should teachers extend word use?

make it relevant to outside classroom (where/how to use words)


actual meaning


feeling associated with a word

polar/ complementary antonyms

no middle ground, mutually exclusive (boy/girl) or undo the meaning of each other (wright/ wrong)

scalar/ gradable antonyms

allow for gradations of meaning (happy/sad) good for teaching analogies

how are homographs often used?

in puns (time flies like a bird, fruit flies like a melon)

what are the three most common figures of speech?

idioms, metaphors and similes

what is a simile?

like or as


a phrase or expression in which the entire meaning is different from usual meaning (cut the mustard= capable job)

who will learn the most from idioms?

ell- takes emphasis off literal meanings

what is word play?

a playful attitude toward words in a particular word and language in general

what are 6 benefits of word play?

(1) engages (students in active learning)
(2) builds (on natural language curiosity)
(3) provides motivation (for improvement)
(4) help improve (reading and vocabulary development)
(5) reveal (structures of language)
(6) fosters (independent learning)

what childrens authors use plays on words

dr suess, jack prelutsky

how can word histories be useful?

more conscious of words and begin to appreciate them more

why is word consciousness important?

forms a basis for continuing love of words and language

why is adept diction important?

sustained vocab growth

why is skillful word choice important?

enhances communication

what thought processes does word play require

metacognition and multilinguistic

where is word play common?


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