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Pancho Villa

a former bandit who claimed to represent "the people" behind the revolution; Wilson initially supported him; enraged when Carranza named de facto leader of Mexico and wanted to provoke American intervention, discredit Carranza, and himself up as an opponent of the "Gringos"; burned Columbus, New Mexico; American forces sent to pursue him but he eluded them

John J. Pershing

commander of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF), was sent by wilson to capture pancho villa. Heavy idealism creates tension between US and Latin America


Growing empire that annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina; declares war on Serbia after assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand., Country that started World War 1 by declaring war on Serbia


Serbia was part of the spark event that started the war. On June 28th 1914, Archduke Ferdinand and his wife Sophia were killed by a Serbian. A-H demanded that the killers be turned over for trial but Serbia refused. Russia had a secret alliance with Serbia so when A-H attacked she came to help. Great Britain and France came in to help Russia. Germany and Italy came in to help A-H.


It was the British passenger liner and the German U-boat sunk it. There was a loss of 1,198 lives including 128 Americans. The Germans claimed that it was carrying munitions and soldiers and was armed. This made the U.S. government's actions more threatening; American boat that was sunk by the German U-boats; made America consider entering WWI


A French passenger ship that was attacked by Germany. An Agreement then proposed by Wilson that Germany had to promise to alter their naval and submarine policy of unrestricted submarine warfare and stop the indiscriminate sinking of non-military ships.

Unrestricted Submarine Warfare

A policy that the Germans announced on January 1917 which stated that their submarines would sink any ship in the British waters

Zimmerman Note

Written by Arthur Zimmerman, a german foreign secretary. In this note he had secretly proposed a German- Mexican alliance. He tempted Mexico with the ideas of recovering Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico. The note decoded by Great Britain was intercepted on March 1, 1917. This was a major factor that led us into WWI

Selective Service Act

DRAFT Law passed by Congress in 1917 that required all men from ages 18 to 45 to register for the military draft

Vladmir lenin

..., (19th century)The Bolshevick leader who forced a class revolution on Russia. Ended Russian involvement in WWI. He attempted to turn Russia into an entirely communist state.

American Expeditionary Force (AEF)

About 2 million Americans went to France as members of this under General John J. Pershing. Included the regular army, the National Guard, and the new larger force of volunteers and draftees and they served as individuals

Chateu Thierry

the place where german forces were stopped by french

Belleau Wood

1918 The first battle that America was seriously involved in. They dug no trenches, and fought bravely. Great casualties were suffered, but emerged victorious.

St. Mihiel

was captured by the Germans in the first year of World War I, and was re-captured during the Battle of Saint-Mihiel from 12 September to 19 September 1918, during World War I.

Treaty of Versailles

Created by the leaders victorious allies Nations: France, Britain, US, and signed by Germany to help stop WWI. The treaty 1)stripped Germany of all Army, Navy, Airforce. 2) Germany had to rapair war damages(33 billion) 3) Germany had to acknowledge guilt for causing WWI 4) Germany could not manefacture any weapons.

The "Big Four"

Italy, France, England, and the U.S. 4 powers who met at Versallies to discuss peace after WWI.

Fourteen Points

the war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations

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