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43 terms

Africa: Current Issues and the Colonial Past

Vocabulary for Africa: Current Issues and Colonial Past Test
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white man's burden
idea that many European countries had a duty to spread their religion and culture to those less civilized
abolition movement
early 1800s a growing number of Americans opposed slavery began to speak out, became known as abolitionists, it was a great reform movement that they led
African Diaspora
The separation of Africans from their homeland through centuries of forced removal to serve as slaves in the Americas and elsewhere.
African Nationalism
Believing that africa should be united to be able to push out the Europeans
African Slave Trade
African peoples captured and taken as slaves to South America (sugar cane plantations) and North America (cotton plantations). Killed millions of Africans. Caused Racism.
African Socialism
Government owns and operates major businesses and controls other parts of the economy
Apartheid
a social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites
Berlin Conference
A meeting at which representatives of European nations agreed on rules for the colonization and borders of Africa.
Boer War
The Boers were a group of Dutch people that settled in what is today Cape Town. They looked at local people as inferiors and treated them as slaves. The British defeated them in the early 1800s then they set up two independent states in the 1850s in lands that were conquered by the Zulus so war was created between them that lasted for decades. Finally the British defeated them.
boycott
a group's refusal to have commercial dealings with some organization in protest against its policies
cash crops
crops, such as tobacco, sugar, and cotton, raised in large quantities in order to be sold for profit
cecil rhodes
Born in 1853, played a major political and economic role in colonial South Africa. He was a financier, statesman, and empire builder with a philosophy of mystical imperialism.
debt
an obligation to pay or do something
dependency
a geographical area politically controlled by a distant country
desertification
the gradual transformation of habitable land into desert
direct rule
Colonial power controlled the government at every level. Appointed colonial governor to be village leader. Practiced by France, Portugal, Germany and Belgium.
drought
a temporary shortage of rainfall
façade
the face or front of a building
famine
a severe shortage of food (as through crop failure) resulting in violent hunger and starvation and death
God, Gold, Glory
three reasons that motivated europe to seek new trade routes to asia
HIV/AIDS
Virus that destroys the immune system that should protect the body from diseases. The disease is passed from person to person through sexual acts, blood transfusions, used hypodermic needles, or from mother to child during birth.
Indirect rule
Only used by Britain. The British made decisions and expected local rulers to enforce them.
Jomo Kenyatta
A nationalist leader who fought to end oppressive laws against Africans; later became the first Prime Minister of Kenya
Julius Nyere
First Tanzanian President, was a Socialist who set up a socialist system in Tanzania in the 1970s. Ruled a one party strict government with control of economy. Wanted to end foreign influence
Kwame Nkrumah
founder of Ghana's independence movement and Ghana's first priesident
Leopold Sedar Senghor
(1906 - 2001) One of the post-World War I writers of the negritude literary movement that urged pride in African values; president of Senegal from 1960 to 1980.
Mau Mau
a violent movement against European settlers that eventually led to Kenya's decolonization from Britain
military rule
Rule by one or more military officials, often brought to power through a coup d'état.
missionaries
people who work to spread their religious beliefs and values, during the colonial age it was to the local tribes.
money economy
an economic system based on money rather than barter
multi-national corporations
Companies that have centers of operation in many countries.
Nelson Mandela
South African statesman who was released from prison to become the nation's first democratically elected president in 1994 (born in 1918)
One-party rule
Single party monopolizes politics in the control of government.
Pan-Africanism
emphasized the unity of Africans and people of African descent around the world
subsistence farming
farming that provides for the basic needs of the farmer without surpluses for marketing
Swahili
a Bantu language with Arabic words spoken along the East African coast
urbanization
the social process whereby cities grow and societies become more urban
W.E.B. Du Bois
fought for African American rights. Helped to found Niagra Movement in 1905 to fight for and establish equal rights. This movement later led to the establishment of the NAACP
Shaka
King of Zulu nation. introduced new methods and techniques of fighting and reorganized the Zulu army.
elite
a group or class of persons enjoying superior intellectual or social or economic status
westernization w/out modernization
Europeans gave the Africans tools like weapons and technology but they never taught them how to make them or build them.
armed conflict
Rebel groups against political parties and also conflicts between ethnic tribes
negritude movement
movement thay encouraged Africans to value their heritage and it strengthen Pan - Africanism