APHG Rubenstein Chapter 13 Vocab
Terms in this set (25)
legally adding land area to a city in the US
an area delineated by the US Bureau of the Census for which statistics are published; in urbanized areas, census tracts correspond roughly to neighborhoods
concentric zone model
a model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are spatially arranged in a series of rings.
council of government
a cooperative agency consisting of representatives of local governments in a metropolitan area in the US
the change in density in an urban area from the center to the periphery.
a large node of office and retail activites on the edge of an urban area
a process of change in the use of a house, from single-family owner occupancy to abandonment.
a process of converting an urban neighbohood from a predominantly low-income renter-occupied area to a predominantly middle-class owner-occupied area.
a ring of land maintained as parks, agriculture, or other types of open space to limit the sprawl of an urban area.
metropolitan statistical area (MSA)
in the US, a central city of at least 50,000 population, the county within which the city is located, and adjacent counties meeting one of several tests indicating a functional connection to the central city.
Micropolitan statistical area
an urbanized area of between 10,000 and 50,000 inhabitants, the county in which it is found, and adjacent counties tied to the city.
mulitple nuclei model
a model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a collection of nodes of activities.
a model of North American urban areas consisting of an inner city surrounded by large suburban residential business areas tied together by a beltway or ring road.
housing owned by the government; in the US, it is rented to low-income residents, and the rents are set at 30 percent of the familie's incomes.
a process by which banks draw lines on a map and refuse to lend money to purchase or improve property within the boundaries.
rush (or peak) hour
the four consecutive 15-minute periods in the morning and evening with the heaviest volumes of traffic.
a model of the internal strucutre of citeis in which social groups are arranged around a series of sectors, or wedges, radiating out from the central business district (CBD)
legislation and regulations to limit suburban sprawl and preserve farmland
development of new housing sites at relatively low density and at locations that are not contiguous to the existing built-up area.
an area within a city in a less developed country in which people illegally establish residences on land they do not own or rent and erect homemade structures.
a group in society prevented from participating in material benefits of a more developed society because of a variety of social and economic characteristics.
an increase in the percentage and in the number of people living in urban settlements.
in the US, a central city plus its contiguous built-up suburbs.
program in which cities identify blighted inner-city neighborhoods, acquire the properties from the private owners, relocate the residents and businesses, clear the site, build new roads and utilites, and turn the land over to private developers.
a law that limits the permitted uses of land and maximum density of the development of a community.