25 terms

Chapter 12

Chapter 12 key terms.
Oregon Country
Aquired 1846. 49th parallel established by US and Britain as Boundary for Oregon
John Jacob Astor
United States capitalist (born in Germany) who made a fortune in fur trading (1763-1848)
Oregon Trail
pioneer trail that began in missouri and crossed the great plains into the oregon country
Willamette Valley
The spot where many settlers travelling along the Oregon trailed stopped.
James K. Polk
president in March 1845. wanted to settle oregon boundary dispute with britain. wanted to aquire California. wanted to incorperate Texas into union.
Fifty Four Forty or Fight
slogan used in the 1844 presidential election as a call for us annexation of the oregon territory
Davy Crocket
A Tennessee soldier and three-time congressman who was rejected in politics and left to Texas. Known for fighting, and dying, at the Alamo.
Moses Austin
the man who received the first Texas land grant in 1821 but who died before he could take the Americans to settle in Texas
Stephen F. Austin
known as the Father of Texas, led the second and ultimately successful colonization of the region by bringing 300 families from the United States.
Old Three Hundred
Austin's first group of settlers; most of these came from the southern United States, especially Louisiana
General Antonio Lopez De Santa Anna
President of Mexico., Commanded the Mexican army at Gonzales, in 1853 sold territory to the United States including that area known as the Gadsden Purchase.
the mission in San Antonio where in 1836 Mexican forces under Santa Anna besieged and massacred American rebels who were fighting to make Texas independent of Mexico
Sam Houston
United States politician and military leader who fought to gain independence for Texas from Mexico and to make it a part of the United States (1793-1863)
San Jacinto
the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution. Led by General Sam Houston fought on April 21, 1836, in present-day Harris County, Texas,
William Becknell
a merchant and adventurer, he was the first american to head for Sante fe. In 1821 he led a group of traders from Franklin Misourri across the plains
Joseph Smith
religious leader who founded the Mormon Church in 1830 (1805-1844)
Sante Fe Trail
a route from Independece, Missouri to Sante Fe, New Mexico. Used by traders in the early and mid 1800's.
John C. Fremont
an American military officer, explorer, the first candidate of the Republican Party for the office of President of the United States, and the first presidential candidate of a major party to run on a platform in opposition to slavery.
Zachary taylor
General that was a military leader in Mexican-American War and 12th president of the United States. Sent by president Polk to lead the American Army against Mexico at Rio Grande, but defeated.
Stephen Watts Kearney
US general in the Mexican War who was defeated by Andres Pico army of Californios in the Battle of Pascual
Bear Flag Republic
nickname for California after it declared independence from Mexico in 1846
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Treaty that ended the Mexican War, granting the U.S. control of Texas, New Mexico, and California in exchange for $15 million
Mexican Cession
land that Mexico gave to the United States after the Mexican War through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo; included in what is now California, Nevada, and Utah; most of Arizona and New Mexico and parts of Colorado, Texdas, and Wyoming
Gadsen Purchase
Purchase of land from mexico that gave the US parts of present day New Mexico and Arizona in exchange for $10 million
Brigham Young
United States religious leader of the Mormon Church after the assassination of Joseph Smith