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25 terms

Drugs

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penicillin
allergy, narrow spectrum, bacteriocidal by inhibiting the cell wall formation, V=oral, G=IM,
ampicillin
a broad spectrum penicillin
methicillin
a 2nd or thrird generation penicillin that is resistant to penicillinase
cephalosporin
bacteriocidal by inhibiting the cell wall, narrow spectrum, works well in the CNS, allergy, somewhat resistant to penicillinase, if you experience a type I hypersensitivity to penicillin, you are likely to have an allergic reaction to this drug as well.
vancomycin
destroys the cell wall, IV, toxic, kidney damage, narrow spectrum, good for Methocyclin Resistant Staph aureus...now there are VISA and VRSA
bacitracin
a topical cream that destroys the lipid membrane, inhibits microbes by inhibiting their cell wall
polymixin B
a topical drug that is able to disrupt the cell membrane by the detergent that they contain which destroys lipids
amphotericin B
a fungicide which inhibits the cell membrane. it is highly toxic, causes kidney damage, fever, and is used in life threatening systemic situations....ie. histoplasmosis
streptomycin
a bacteriocide by inhibiting protein synthesis, given only in life threatening situations
tetracycline
a bacteriostatic protein synthesis inhibitor, broad spectrum, stains teeth, rash, increses sensitivity to light, and is used to promote growth in livestock
erythromycin
a bacteriocidal protein synthesis inhibitor, narrow spectrum, causes crazy diarrhea, nausea; and is used when pt is allergic to penicillin
chloramphenical
a bacteriostatic protein synthesis inhibitor, broad spectrum, can lead to aplastic anemia in worst case scenarios, only used in life threatening situations
quinolones
a synthetic broad spectrum drug nuleic acid synthesis inhibitor, has minimal side effects beside abdominal pain. example is cipro
cipro
an example of quinolones, it too is broad spectrum
rifamprin
an antimycobacterial drug that inhibits nucleic acid synthesis, causes fever and rash, broad spectrum, used with Isoniazid...which is activated by mycobacterial enzymes
sulfonamides
synthetic bacteriostatic folic acid inhibitor, broad spectrum, allergy, UTI, used with Trimethoprim.
aminoglycosides
a protein synthesis inhibitor, IV/IM, toxic
Isoniazid
a drug that acts along with rifamprin to fight mycobacterium
trimethoprim
a drug that acts along with sulfonamides to fight UTIs
chloroquin
a semi-synthetic antimalarial parasite drug, it is made from bark of a south american cinchona tree, little toxicity, and is concentrated in the RBC
amantidine
a synthetic antiviral, blocks Influenza A in its early stage of life cycle, can cause headache
relenza and tamiflu
drugs that help shorten the duration of Influenza A infection by preventing budding
Azidothymidine and dideoxycytidine
synthetic antiviral drugs that drepresses bone marrow cells, blocks reverse transcriptase, used to fight HIV
interferons
synthetic antivirals, used against Hep C, side effects may include flulike symptoms
Acyclovir
blocks Herpes virus, and prevents DNA replication