51 terms

Vocab Semester 1 Review (lessons 1-5)

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Terms in this set (...)

Microbe
An organism invisible to the naked eye, especially that causes disease
Microcosm
A miniature world, something that resembles something else on a very small scale
Minuscule
Extremely small
Minutia
A small or trivial detail
Attenuate
To make small or slender, to weaken, to reduce in force or value
Tenuous
Thin in form, flimsy, having little substance
Satiate
To satisfy an appetite fully, to gratify to excess
Comply
To do as one is asked or ordered
Implement
A tool or utensil

To carry out, to put into effect
Replete
Well stocked or abundantly supplied, completely filled
Expletive
An explanation, often obscene
inception
n. The beginning of something
incipient
adj. In its early stages, beginning
annihilate
v. To destroy completely
nihilism
n. Total rejection of religious or moral beliefs
negate
v. To rule out, too disapprove, to nullify, to repeal
renegade
n. One who deserts a group or cause, an outlaw
vacuous
adj. Empty, especially of meaning or purpose
vanity
n. Conceit, especially about one's appearance, something worthless or useless, a dressing table
vaunt
v. To boast, to brag about
n. A boast
monologue
n. a long speech made by one performer or by one person in a group
monarch
n. a person who rules a kingdom or empire, a king, a queen, an emperor; a large black and orange American butterfly
monogram
n. a design composed of letters, usually the first letter of a name
v. the process of creating the design
monopoly
n. exclusive control of the trade in some item or service, sole ownership of anything
v. monopolize
monolith
n. a large block of stone, a large organization that acts as a single unit
unanimous
adj. being in complete agreement
n. unanimity
adv. uninanimously
unilateral
adj. one-sided, done or affecting one person, group, country etc.
bilateral
adj. having two sides, made between two persons or groups
adv. bilaterally
bipartisan
adj. involving two political parties
bisect
v. to cut into two parts
trilogy
n. a group of three literary or musical works that have related theme
trisect
v. to divide into three parts
n. trisection
triumvirate
board of three
quadrant
n. quarter of a circle or it's circumference, any of the four parts of an area divided by perpendicular lines
quartet
n. a musical composition for four voices or instruments, a set of four, especially of four musicians
quatrain
n. a stanza or group of four lines of poetry
decimate
v. to destroy a large part of, to kill one in every ten
n. decimation
decathlon
n. an athletic contest in which each contestant takes part in ten events
bicentennial
n. a two-hundredth anniversary
centenary
adj. pertaining to a 100-year period
n. centennial
centigrade
adj. referring to a thermometer scale of 100 degrees where water freezes at 0 degrees and boils at 100
pandemonium
n. uproar, chaos
panacea
n. a cure-all for diseases or troubles
omnipotent
adj, all powerful, having unlimited power
n. omnipotence
adv. omnipotently
omnipresent
adj. present everywhere
omnivorous
adj. feeding on both plants and meat, devouring everything, especially intellectually
n. omnivore
adv. omnivorously
catholic
adj. universal, including most things
holocaust
n. great destruction, especially by fire
totalitarianism
adj. referring to a form of government in which one person or party holds absolute control
cloister
n. a covered walk along the inside walls of a building, usually looking out on a courtyard, a monastery or similar place of religious seclusion
adj., v. cloistered
recluse
n. a person who avoids mixing with people
adj. reclusive