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90 terms

World Literature 10-- Semester 2 Vocabulary

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stilted
(adj) stiffly formal, pompus
cinture
(v) a surrounding border, something going around an object
profligate
(adj) wasteful, reckless
blithe
(adj) joyous, gay, merry
cascaded
(v) rushed, hurried
trenchant
(adj) cutting, incisive, having a sharp point
debacle
(n) a collapse, sudden breakdown, rout
recalcitrant
(adj) showing stubborn opposition, unruly
exigency
(n) an emergency
vociferous
(adj) crying out noisily, clamorous
salient
(adj) prominent, conspicuous, noticeable, outstanding
dearth
(n) lack of, scarcity
tawdry
(adj) cheap, shoddy
calumny
(n) false charge, aspersion, what is spoken against one's reputation
titular
(adj) in name only, having the title only
metaphysical
(adj) abstract, subtle, far-fetched
ghoul
(n) a person who robs graves
mercenary
(n/adj) acting merely for pay, one who is hired
bourgeois
(adj) belonging to the middle rank of society
protocol
(n) ceremonial form, established courtesy
beneficence
(n) a kind deed
diurnal
(n) daily occurrence
pedagogue
(n) teacher, schoolmaster
writhe
(v) to squirm, to twist and turn
teem
(v) to overflow, abound, swarm
turpitude
(n) guilt, baseness, depravity
recreant
(adj/n) unfaithful, disloyal, cowardly
indomitable
(adj) cannot be overcome, invincible
capricious
(adj) subject to illogical change
effigy
(n) image, one who is hated or disliked
latent
(adj) hidden, not visible
inundated
(adj) flooded, overflowed
rectitude
(n) rightness, correctness of judgement
recluse
(n) hermit, a person who lives shut off form others
enigmatic
(adj) puzzling, like a riddle
prognosticate
(v) to predict, to tell
reciprocal
(adj/n) mutual, affecting both parties
shibboleth
(n) criterion, test
contumacy
(n) defiance of authority, disobedience
ablution
(n) washing or clensing
vapid
(adj) empty, insipid, spiritless
volatile
(adj) lighthearted, changeable
sanguine
(adj) warm, cheerful, hopeful
raconteur
(n) one who tells stories well
sequester
(v) to seize, to isolate oneself
amelioration
(n) improvement, change for better
corpulent
(adj) bulky, fleshy, fat
promulgated
(v) set-forth, made known by open declaration
esoteric
(adj) understood by the specially initiated
travesty
(n) ridiculous imitation, burlesque
gainsay
(v) deny, contradict
avid
(adj) keen, greedy, eager
deciduous
(adj) falling off at maturity, shedding
absolution
(n) forgiveness, releasing from sin
palliate
(v) to ease, reduce, soften
ephemeral
(adj) transient, lasting a short time
heterogeneous
(adj) unlike, different
raillery
(n) mild ridicule, bantering tinged with satire
welter
(n/v) a tossing and tumbling, to toss and tumble
germane
(adj) appropriate, relevant
ostentatious
(adj) showy, pretentious
indigenous
(adj) native to, produced naturally
banal
(adj) lacking freshness or vigor, commonplace
natatorium
(n) swimming pool
auspicious
(adj) favorable, of good omen
niggardly
(adj/adv) stingy, not generous
vitriolic
(adj) caustic, bitter, cutting
impetus
(n) force of a moving body
expunged
(v/adj) erased, wiped out
imbroglio
(n) serious misunderstanding, a complicating and embarrassing state
moribund
(adj) in a dying state, near death
presages
(v) knows beforehand, predicts
evanescent
(adj) dissipated, lack of vapor, given off, not long lasting
deprecatory
(adj) apologetic, disapproving
incontrovertible
(adj) cannot prove wrong, indisputable
circumlocution
(v) talking all around the subject
vicissitude
(n) change in fortune
impecunious
(adj) not having money, poor
adjudicated
(adj) tried in a court of law
consanguinity
(n) blood relationship, close relationship
oligarchy
(n) a government by the few, a power invested in a few people
obdurate
(adj) hard, unyielding, stubbornly wicked
culpable
(adj) blameworthy, deserving of blame
badinage
(v/n) a playful bantering
panegyric
(n) a tribute, a speech of praise
malign
(v) to speak evil of, to slander
subsidiary
(adj/n) dependent, acting as a supplement
abnegation
(n) denial, refraining from indulgence, giving up
salubrious
(adj) beneficial, healthful
supercilious
(adj) scornful, lofty with pride