Mental Health Terms

58 terms by redhead0121

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emotional tone, feeling, or the outward manifestation of subjective emotions; also called affectivity


constant motor activity, inability to sit down or relax, twitching (a common side effect of neuroleptic medications)


markedly diminished or lost interest or pleasure in all or most activities.


apprehensive uneasiness or dread (may be marked by physiologic signs, such as sweating, tension, or increased pulse)


threatening to hurt others or actually striking someone


involuntary writing movements of fingers, toes, or extremities


class of common antianxiety medication

bipolar disorder

severe disorder in which behavior alternates between overactivity and depression


state in which a person maintains the body position in which he or she is placed

cogwheeling movements

abnormal muscular rigor that manifests as jerky movements when the muscle is passively stretched; can be a side effect of psychotropic medications


a repetitive behavior or mental act that a person feels driven to perform, sometimes constantly


injectable long-lasting psychotropic medications


a false belief that cannot be corrected by reason

dual diagnosis

two separate chronic conditions at the same time; has commonly come to mean mental illness, combined with chemical dependency


involuntary, coordinated rhythmic movements


depressive disorder; chronic clinical depression over a long period


difficulty in speaking


automatic repeating of what has been said, involuntary


involuntary imitation of the movements of other people


psychological condition in which an individual feels that everyone should wait on him or her and often makes other unreasonable demands


normal mood


physical or mental disorder that is artificial or made up, with no organic basis.

functional disorder

type of mental illness that has no organic cause


having delusions of grandeur


seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting, or feeling something that has no objective stimulus


excessive sleep


state of increased watchfulness


rapid mood swings and marked behavior changes (lability)


faking illness to stay in the hospital or otherwise receive desired attention


disordered mental state of extreme excitement; extreme and exaggerated hyperactivity as a phase of bipolar disorder; expansiveness, increased speed of speech and thoughts, grandiosity

milieu therapy

therapy in a comfortable, therapeutic environment


new word created by an individual that is not actually a word


an agent that modifies psychotic behavior


a recurrent, persistent, intrusive thought or belief that the person cannot ignore

occupational therapy (OT)

department that rehabilitates clients so they can perform activities of daily living (ADLs) and return to work and leisure following an injury or illness


a spasm in which the head and heels are close together and the body is bowed forward

organic disorder

mental illness that is caused by an actual physical disorder


mental disorder in which one has delusions of persecution or thinks others will harm him/her


to dwell on one subject


a persistent, abnormal fear or dread


types of medications that modify moods


a state of harmony or good relationship between two individuals, particularly emphasized in mental health


return to a former state, as a child regresses when ill. Regression of a disease process refers to its relief or subsiding


psychological condition in which the person loses contact with reality

tardive dyskinesia

a condition that results from long-term use of neuroleptics. A common symptom is obvious mouth and tongue movements


a loss of the ability to understand or use language


an inability to carry out skilled and purposeful movement; the inability to use objects properly


positioning of the body in a fixed, wax-like state

clang association

the rhyming of words in a sentence that make no sense


the filling in of memory gaps with imaginary information in an attempt to distract others from observing the deficit

delusional ideation

a false belief brought about without appropriate external stimulation and inconsistent with the individual's own knowledge and experience


an inaccurate perception or misinterpretation of sensory impressions

perseveration phenomena

repetitive behaviors such as lip licking, finger tapping, pacing, or echolalia


a disorderly mental state in which a client has difficulty distinguishing reality from his or her own internal perceptions

thought broadcasting

the delusional belief that others can hear one's thoughts

thought control

the delusional belief that others can control a person's thoughts against one's will

thought insertion

the delusional belief that others have the ability to put thoughts in a person's mind against one's will

word salad

the combining of words in a sentence that have no connection and make no sense

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