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58 terms

Mental Health Terms

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affect
emotional tone, feeling, or the outward manifestation of subjective emotions; also called affectivity
akathisia
constant motor activity, inability to sit down or relax, twitching (a common side effect of neuroleptic medications)
anhedonia
markedly diminished or lost interest or pleasure in all or most activities.
anxiety
apprehensive uneasiness or dread (may be marked by physiologic signs, such as sweating, tension, or increased pulse)
assaultive
threatening to hurt others or actually striking someone
athetoid
involuntary writing movements of fingers, toes, or extremities
benzodiazepine
class of common antianxiety medication
bipolar disorder
severe disorder in which behavior alternates between overactivity and depression
catalepsy
state in which a person maintains the body position in which he or she is placed
cogwheeling movements
abnormal muscular rigor that manifests as jerky movements when the muscle is passively stretched; can be a side effect of psychotropic medications
compulsion
a repetitive behavior or mental act that a person feels driven to perform, sometimes constantly
decanoate
injectable long-lasting psychotropic medications
delusion
a false belief that cannot be corrected by reason
dual diagnosis
two separate chronic conditions at the same time; has commonly come to mean mental illness, combined with chemical dependency
dyskinesia
involuntary, coordinated rhythmic movements
dysthymia
depressive disorder; chronic clinical depression over a long period
dystonia
difficulty in speaking
echolalia
automatic repeating of what has been said, involuntary
echopraxia
involuntary imitation of the movements of other people
entitled
psychological condition in which an individual feels that everyone should wait on him or her and often makes other unreasonable demands
euthymia
normal mood
factitious
physical or mental disorder that is artificial or made up, with no organic basis.
functional disorder
type of mental illness that has no organic cause
grandiose
having delusions of grandeur
hallucination
seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting, or feeling something that has no objective stimulus
hypersomnia
excessive sleep
hypervigilance
state of increased watchfulness
labile
rapid mood swings and marked behavior changes (lability)
malingering
faking illness to stay in the hospital or otherwise receive desired attention
mania
disordered mental state of extreme excitement; extreme and exaggerated hyperactivity as a phase of bipolar disorder; expansiveness, increased speed of speech and thoughts, grandiosity
milieu therapy
therapy in a comfortable, therapeutic environment
neologism
new word created by an individual that is not actually a word
neuroleptic
an agent that modifies psychotic behavior
obsession
a recurrent, persistent, intrusive thought or belief that the person cannot ignore
occupational therapy (OT)
department that rehabilitates clients so they can perform activities of daily living (ADLs) and return to work and leisure following an injury or illness
opisthotonos
a spasm in which the head and heels are close together and the body is bowed forward
organic disorder
mental illness that is caused by an actual physical disorder
paranoia
mental disorder in which one has delusions of persecution or thinks others will harm him/her
perseverate
to dwell on one subject
phobia
a persistent, abnormal fear or dread
psychotropic
types of medications that modify moods
rapport
a state of harmony or good relationship between two individuals, particularly emphasized in mental health
regression
return to a former state, as a child regresses when ill. Regression of a disease process refers to its relief or subsiding
schizophrenia
psychological condition in which the person loses contact with reality
tardive dyskinesia
a condition that results from long-term use of neuroleptics. A common symptom is obvious mouth and tongue movements
aphasia
a loss of the ability to understand or use language
apraxia
an inability to carry out skilled and purposeful movement; the inability to use objects properly
catatonia
positioning of the body in a fixed, wax-like state
clang association
the rhyming of words in a sentence that make no sense
confabulation
the filling in of memory gaps with imaginary information in an attempt to distract others from observing the deficit
delusional ideation
a false belief brought about without appropriate external stimulation and inconsistent with the individual's own knowledge and experience
illusion
an inaccurate perception or misinterpretation of sensory impressions
perseveration phenomena
repetitive behaviors such as lip licking, finger tapping, pacing, or echolalia
psychosis
a disorderly mental state in which a client has difficulty distinguishing reality from his or her own internal perceptions
thought broadcasting
the delusional belief that others can hear one's thoughts
thought control
the delusional belief that others can control a person's thoughts against one's will
thought insertion
the delusional belief that others have the ability to put thoughts in a person's mind against one's will
word salad
the combining of words in a sentence that have no connection and make no sense