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Terms in this set (152)
During a spin to the left, which wing(s) is/are stalled?
Both wings are stalled
In the Northern Hemisphere, the magnetic compass will normally indicate a turn toward the south when
the aircraft is decelerated while on a west heading
The 'yellow demarcation bar' markings indicates
runway with displaced threshold that precedes the runway
The radius of the procedural outer area of Class C airspace is normally
What is the specific fuel requirement for flight under VFR during daylight hours in an airplane?
Enough to fly to the first point of intended landing and to fly after that for 30 minutes at normal cruising speed
In addition to a valid Airworthiness Certificate, what documents or records must be aboard on aircraft during flight?
Operating limitations and Registration Certificate
Determine the aircraft moment and the aircraft category
Empty weight 1,350 moment 51.5
pilot and front passenger 380 m ___
Fuel, 48 gal 288 m____
Oil 8 qt. ____ m____
79.2, normal category
An aircraft departs an airport in the central standard time zone at 0845 CST for a 2-hour flight to an airport in the mountain standard time zone. The landing should be at what coordinated universal time?
Which device is a secondary flight control?
In what flight condition must an aircraft be placed in order to spin?
An aircraft leaving ground effect during takeoff will
require an increase in angle of attack to maintain the same lift coefficient
What force makes an airplane turn?
the horizontal component of lift
What determines the longitudinal stability of an airplane?
The location of the CG with respect to the center of lift
An airplane has been loaded in such a manner that the CG is located aft of the aft CG limit. One undesirable flight characteristic a pilot might experience with this airplane would be
difficulty in recovering from a stalled condition
The amount of excess load that can be imposed on the wing of an airplane depends upon the
speed of the airplane
In the northern hemisphere, if an aircraft is accelerated or decelerated, the magnetic compass will normally indicate
correctly when on a north or south heading
What should be the indication on the magnetic compass as you roll into a standard rate turn to the right from a south heading in the northern hemisphere
The compass will indicate a turn to the right, but at a faster rate than is actually occurring
Which instruments will become inoperative if the static vents become clogged?
Airspeed indicator, altimeter, and VSI
The maximum speed an aircraft can operate in smooth air is
What is the maximum structural cruising speed?
Altimeter 3 indicates?
If it is necessary to set the altimeter from 29.15 to 29.85, what changes occur?
700-foot increase in indicated altitude
If a pilot changes the altimeter setting from 30.11 to 29.96, what is the approximate change indication?
Altimeter will indicate 150 feet lower
If a flight is made from an area of low pressure into an area of high pressure without the altimeter setting being adjusted, the altimeter will indicate
lower than the actual altitude above sea level
Which condition would cause the altimeter to indicate a lower altitude than true altitude?
Air temperature warmer than standard
Under what condition will true altitude be lower than indicated altitude?
In colder than standard air temperature
What steps must be taken when flying with glass cockpits to ensure safe flight?
Regularly scan both inside and outside, use all appropriate checklists, and cross-check with other forms of information
An abnormally high engine oil temperature indication may be caused by
the oil level being too low
If the engine oil temperature and cylinder head temperature gauges have exceeded their normal operating range, the pilot may have been operating with
too much power and with mixture set too lean
A precaution for operation of an engine equipped with a constant-speed propeller is to
avoid high manifold pressure settings withe low RPM
One purpose of the dual ignition system on an aircraft engine is to provide for
improved engine performance
If an aircraft is equipped with a fixed-pitch propeller and a float-type carburetor, the first indication of carburetor ice would most likely be
loss of RPM
The presence of carburetor ice in an aircraft equipped with a fixed-pitch propellor can be verified by applying carburetor heat and noting
a decrease in RPM and then a gradual increase in RPM
The basic purpose of adjusting the fuel/air mixture at altitude is to
decrease the fuel flow in order to compensate for decreased air density
fuel/air ratio is the ratio between the
weight of fuel and weight of air entering the cylinder
detonation occurs in a reciprocating aircraft engine when
the unburned charge in the cylinders explodes instead of burning normally
Detonation may occur at high-power settings when
the fuel mixture ignites instantaneously instead of burning progressively
If a pilot suspects that the engine (with a fixed-pitch propeller) is detonating during climb-out after takeoff, the initial corrective action would be to
lower the nose slightly to increase air speed
To properly purge water from the fuel system of an aircraft equipped with fuel tank sumps and a fuel strainer quick drain, it is necessary to drain fuel from the
fuel strainer drain and the fuel tank sumps
The numbers 8 and 26 on the approach ends of the runway indicate that the runway is orientated approximately
080 and 260 magnetic
What does the outbound destination sign identify?
Identifies direction to take-off runways
A lighted heliport may be identified by a
green, yellow, and white rotating beacon
A military air station can be identified by a rotating beacon that emits
two quick, white flashes between green flashes
An above glide slope indication from a trip-color VASI is
an amber light signal
When departing behind a heavy aircraft, the pilot should avoid wake turbulence by maneuvering the aircraft
above and upwind the heavy aircraft
During a night flight, you observe a steady red light and a flashing red light ahead at the same altitude. What is the general direction of movement of the other aircraft?
The other aircraft is crossing to the left
What procedure is recommended when climbing or descending VFR on an airway?
Execute banks left and right for continuous visual scanning of the airway
ATIS is the continuous broadcast of recorded information concerning
non-control information in selected high-activity terminal areas
The vertical limit of Class C airspace above the primary airport is normally
4,000 feet AGL
lost radio communications
The correct method of stating 10,500 feet MSL to ATC is
One Zero thousand, five hundred
ATC advises, "traffic 12-o'clock," this advisory is relative to your
An ATC advises to a pilot flying a heading of 360 "traffic 10 o'clock, 2 miles, southbound"
A flashing white light signal from the control tower to a taxiing aircraft is an indication to
return to the starting point on the airport
If the control tower uses a light signal to direct a pilot to give way to other aircraft and continuing circling, the light will be
Which light signal from control tower clears pilot to taxi?
Where is the "available landing distance" (ALD) data published for an airport that utilizes LAHSO?
Special Notices section of the Airport/Facility Directory (A/FD)
What is a category of an aircraft?
Airplane, rotorcraft, glider, lighter-than-air, normal, utility, acrobatic
Definition of nighttime
the time between the end of evening civil twilight and the beginning of morning civil twilight
maximum structural cruising speed
Which would provide the greatest gain in altitude in the shortest distance during climb after takeoff?
Which regulation allows a private pilot to perform preventative maintenance?
14 CFR Part 43.3
before a person holding a private pilot certificate may act as pilot in command of a high-performance airplane, that person must have
received ground flight instruction from an authorized flight instructor who then endorses the person's logbook
the PIC is required to hold a type rating in which aircraft?
Aircraft having a gross weight of more than 12,500 lbs
if pilot changes permanent mailing address
30 days after the date of the move
What action is required when two aircraft of the same category converge, but not head-on?
the aircraft on the left shall give way
Unless otherwise authorized, what is the maximum indicated air speed at which a person may operate an aircraft below 10,00 feet MSL?
Except when necessary for takeoff or landing, what is the minimum safe altitude for a pilot to operate an aircraft anywhere?
An altitude allowing, if a power unit fails, an emergency landing without undue hazard to persons or property on the surface
Except when necessary for takeoff or landing, what is the minimum safe altitude required for a pilot to operate an aircraft over congested areas?
An alt. of 1,000 ft. above the highest obstacle within a horizontal radius of 2,000 ft. of the aircraft
When must a pilot who deviates from a regulation during an emergency send a written report of that deviation to the administrator?
When would a pilot be required to submit a detailed report of an emergency which caused the pilot to deviate from an ATC clearance?
Within 48 hours if requested by ATC
The minimum flight visibility required for VFR flights above 10,000 ft. MSL and more than 1,2000 ft. AGL in a controlled airspace is and the horizontal distance is
5 miles and 1 mile
The min. list. from clouds required for VFR operations on an airway below 10,000 feet MSL is
500 ft. below, 1,000 feet above and 2,000 ft. horizontally
at altitudes of more than 1200 ft agl, but less than 10000 the min flight vis for VFR flight at night is
no person may takeoff or land an aircraft under basic VFR at an airport that lies within class d airspace unless the
ground vis at the airport is at least 3 miles
when may an emergency locator transmitter (ELT) be tested?
during the first 5 minutes after the hour
Except in Alaska, during what time period should lighted position lights be displayed on an aircraft?
Sunset to Sunrise
When operating an aircraft at cabin pressure alt. above 12,500 ft. MSL up to and including 14,000 ft. MSL, supplement oxygen shall be used during
the flight time in excess of 30 minutes at those altitudes
In which class of airspace is aerobatic flight prohibited?
Class E airspace below 1,500 ft. AGL
A parachute composed of ______ must have been packed by a certified and appropriately rated parachute rigger within the preceding
a parachute may be carried in an aircraft for emergency use it it has been packed by an appropriately rated parachute rigger within the preceding
If an aircraft is involved in an accident with results in substantial damage to the aircraft, the nearest NTSB field office should be notified
What must a pilot be aware of as a result of ground effect?
Induced drag decreases; therefore, any excess speed at the point of flare may cause considerable floating
During an approach to a stall, an increased load factor will cause the aircraft to
stall at higher airspeed
Where may an aircraft's operating limitations be found if the aircraft has an experimental or special light-sport airworthiness certificate?
Attached to the airworthiness certificate
you plan to phone a weather briefing facility for preflight weather information. You should
identify yourself as a pilot
The operator of an aircraft that has been involved in an incident is required to submit a report to the nearest field office of the NTSB
Which factor would tend to increase the density altitude at a given airport
an increase in ambient temperature
What effect does high density altitude, as compared to low density altitude, have on propellor efficiency and why?
Efficiency is reduced b/c the propeller exerts less force at high density altitudes than at low density altitudes
What is the effect of a temperature increase from 30 to 50 degrees F on the density alt. if the pressure alt. remains at 3,000?
What is the effect of a temperature increase from 35 to 50 degrees F on the density alt. if the pressure alt. remains at 3,000?
What is the effect of a temperature decrease and a pressure alt. increases on the density altitude from 90F and 1,250ft. to 55F and 1,750?
What is the effect of a temperature increase from 25 to 50 degrees F on the density alt. if the pressure alt. remains at 5,000?
which is not a type of hypoxia?
Which of the following is a correct response to counteract the feelings of hypoxia in flight?
Promptly descend altitude
Pilots are more subject to spatial disorientation if
visual cues are taken away, as they are in IMC
If a pilot experiences spatial disorientation during flight in a restricted visibility condition, the best way to overcome the effect is to
rely upon the aircraft instrument indications
The danger of spatial disorientation during flight in poor visual conditions may be reduced by
having faith in the instruments rather than taking a chance on the sensory organs
What often leads to spatial disorientation or collision with ground/obstacles when flying under VFR?
Continual flight into instrument conditions
What conditions are necessary for the formation of thunderstorms?
high humidity, lifting force, and unstable conditions
TS reach their greatest intensity during the
Possible mountain wave turbulence could be anticipated when winds of 40kts or greater blow
across a mountain ridge, and the air is stable
Where does wind shear occur?
At all altitudes, in all directions
When may hazardous wind shear be expected?
In areas of low-level temperature inversion, frontal zones, and clear air turbulence
The amount of water vapor which air can hold depends on the
What are the processes by which moisture is added to unsaturated air?
Evaporation and sublimation
Which conditions result in frost?
The temp. of the collecting surface is at or below the dew point of the adjacent air and the dew point is below freezing
Clouds, fog, or dew will always form when
water vapor condenses
Low-level turbulence can occur and icing can become hazardous in which type of fog?
clouds are divided into four families according to their
What cloud types would indicate convective turbulence?
towering cumulous clouds
At approximately what altitude above the surface would the pilot expect the base of cumuliform clouds if the surface air temperature is 82F and the dew point is 38F
What is the approximate base of the cumulus clouds if the surface air temperature at 1,000ft MSL is 70F and the dew point is 48F?
If an unstable air mass is forced upward, what type clouds can be expected?
Clouds with considerable vertical development and associated turbulence
steady precipitation preceding a front is an indication of
stratiform clouds with little or no turbulence
What are the characteristics of a moist, unstable air mass?
Cumuliform clouds and showery precipitation
What feature is associated with a temperature inversion?
A stable layer of air
The most frequent type of ground or surface-based temperature inversion is that which is produced by
terrestrial radiation on a clear, relatively still night
Which weather conditions should be expected beneath a low-level temp. inversion layer when the relative humidity is high?
Smooth air, poor visibility, fog, haze, or low clouds
When telephoning a weather briefing facility for preflight weather information, pilots should state
the aircraft identification or the pilots's name
For aviation purposes, ceiling is defined as the height above the Earth's surface of the
lowest broken or overcast lower or vertical visibility into an obscuration
To determine the freezing level and areas of probable icing aloft, the pilot should refer to the
inflight aviation weather advisories
The section of the Area forecast entitled VFR CLDS/WX contains a general description of
clouds and weather which cover an area greater than 3,000 square miles and is significant to VFR flight operations
From which primary source should information be obtained regarding expected weather at the estimated time of arrival if your destination has no Terminal Forecast?
Of what value is the weather depiction chart to the pilot?
for determining general weather conditions on which to base flight planning
The marginal weather in Kentucky is due to low
Which in-flight advisory would contain information on severe icing not associated with TS?
What is indicated when a current CONVECTIVE SIGMET forecasts thunderstorms?
TS obscured by massive cloud layers
Detonation occurs in a reciprocating aircraft engine when
the unburned charge in cylinders explodes instead of burning normally
When may wind shear be expected?
in areas of low-level temp. inversion, frontal zones, and clear air turbulence
The terrain elevation of the light tan area between Minot (area 1) and Audubon Lake (area 2) varies from
2,000 feet to 2,500 feet MSL
(refer to illustration 8) The VOR receiver has the indications shown. What radial is the aircraft crossing?
What is the expected fuel consumption for a 1,000-nautical mile flight under the following conditions?
In the northern hemisphere, a magnetic compass will normally indicate a turn toward the north if
an aircraft is accelerated while on an east or west heading
The lateral dimensions of Class D airspace are based on
the instrument procedures for which the controlled airspace is established
If an in-flight emergency requires immediate action, the pilot in command may
deviate from any rule of 14 CFR 91 to the extent required to meet the emergency
What clouds have the greatest turbulence?
What is your position on low alt. airway Victor 1, southwest of Northfolk (area 1), if the VOR receiver indicates you are on the 340 radial of Elizabeth City VOR (area 3)?
18 NM from Northfolk VORTAC
ground effect is most likely to result in which problem?
Becoming airborne before reaching recommended takeoff speed
What action should the pilots of a glider and an airplane take if on a head-on collision course?
both pilots should give way to the right
What is the acronym for a computerized command response system that provides automated weather, radio check capability, and airport advisory information selected from an automated menu by microphone clicks?
In flying the rectangular course, when should the aircraft bank vary from a steep bank to a medium bank?
While practicing S-turns, a consistently smaller half-circle is made on one side of the road than on the other, and this turn is not completed before crossing the road or reference line. This would most likely occur in turn
4-5-6 because the bank is increased too rapidly during the early part of the turn
absence of the sky condition and visibility on an ATIS broadcast indicates that
the ceiling is at least 5,000 feet and vis. is 5 miles or more
TRSA Service in the terminal radar program provides
sequencing and separation for participating VFR aircraft
Except when necessary for takeoff and landing, what is the minimum safe altitude required for a pilot to operate an aircraft over congested areas?
An altitude of 1,000 feet above the highest obstacle within a horizontal radius of 2,000 feet of the aircraft
(Refer to area 2) which airport is located at approx. 47 degrees 41 minutes 00 seconds N latitude and 101 degrees 36 minutes 00 seconds W longitude?
Who is primarily responsible for maintaining an aircraft in airworthy condition?
Owner or operator
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