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80 terms

HISTORY CHAPTER 16: 'The Cold War' 1945-1960

Everything from the power point, Know it Show it, Happy Daze video, and book terms!
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WHO SAID IT? 'From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the continent'
Winston Churchill
The USSR had _____ elections
No free
Who made all economic and political decisions for the USSR?
Joseph Stalin
Western Europe was known as....?
Free Europe
The Iron curtain was placed...?
Between Eastern and Western Europe
The literal iron curtain was the..?
Berlin Wall
Economic and political struggle between the U.S and the USSR following WWII
The Cold War
An extreme one side point of view
Propaganda
The 'Cold' war turned into a 'Hot' war in..?
Korea and Vietnam
The United States gives economic aid to Greece and Turkey ($400,000,000)
Truman Doctrine
The Truman Doctrine sets a new course for American foreign policy by avoiding...?
Isolationism
What type of countries did the Truman Doctrine aid?
Countries resisting the Communist threat
Who was the Mascot for the famous 'Duck and Cover' video?
Bert the Turtle
Why did we use the Duck and Cover method?
In case the Soviets used their Atomic Bomb
Who created the policy of 'Containment' ?
Geroge Kennan
An aggressive U.S. foreign policy to contain the spread of communism.
Containment
Gave aid to Europe for economic recovery ($13,000,000,000,000)
Marshall Plan
Soviets stopped all traffic into Berlin in order to repair the roads and railroads. U.S. airlifted supplies into West Berlin for the next 10 months.
The Berlin Airlift.
A mutual defense pact and an attempt by the U.S. to contain the spread of Communism.
NATO
Who was the first NATO commander?
Ike
A civil war occurred between the communist and nationalist Chinese which lead to..
China's fall to communism
Who occupied North Korea?
The communists
Voted to send military aid and troops to South Korea
The United Nations
Led UN troops behind communist lines in a surprise landing at Inchon
Douglas MacArthur
Why couldn't American troops be home for Christmas?
The war escalates
Crossed the Yalu River into North Korea and pushed the UN troops back forcing a stalemate
Red Chinese 'Volunteers'
In Korea and Vietnam the U.S. was forced to fight a...?
Limited war
Criticized Truman's political decisions on a limited war and Truman's refusal to use Nationalist Chinese troops
Douglas MacArthur
What was the outcome of Douglas MacArthur criticizing Truman's decisions?
MacArthur was removed from command
WHO SAID IT? 'Old soldiers never die, they just fade away'
Douglas MacArthur
WHO SAID IT? 'Wrong war at the wrong place, at the wrong time, and with the wrong enemy'
Omar Bradley
Truman orders the production of a _____ bomb
hydrogen
Bans the atmospheric, underwater, and space testing of bombs
Limited Test Ban Treaty
Believed that the U.S. was being dragged into regional conflicts under Truman that drained the nations resources.
Dwight Eisenhower
The policy basically stating 'how far can we push the soviets without getting into a war?'
The policy of Brinkmanship
Who adopted the policy of Brinkmanship?
John Foster Dulles
Broadcasts news behind the Iron Curtain - Was located in Mason Ohio
Voice of America
Boundary between the free world and the Soviet sphere
The Iron Curtain
Promised to use force to help any Middle East country threaten by communism
Eisenhower Doctrine
Soviet space satellite launched in 1957
Sputnik
What did the U.S. believe the USSR was doing with the launch of Sputnik?
The USSR was going to bomb the U.S. from space.
During the Red Scare both political parties (Republican and Democrat) where...?
Anti-Communist
Established the Federal Loyalty Review Board
Harry Truman
Investigated subversive activities and conducted publicized hearings on communist
House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC)
A state department employee accused of giving documents to the Soviet Union. Denied ALL of his charges.
Alger Hiss
Alger Hiss denied that he ever knew this man..
Whittaker Chambers
Arrested for selling atomic energy secrets during World War II.
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
Why was the Rosenberg's execution so controversial
The Rosenberg's had two children
Comes with the end of the Korean conflict and the Army hearings of 1954
McCarthy's downfall
Eisenhower fulfilled his campaign promise by..
ending the Korean conflict
Americans now had economic self-confidence for the first time since...?
The Great Depression
The percent of married couples in the U.S.
97%
The family life in the 50's was known as
A couple society
Parents of what generation had experienced the depression?
The 'baby boom'
Americans fell in live with what new technology that left radio abandoned
Television
What worried traditionalists more than anything in the 50's?
Rock and Roll
Lloyd Price, Little Richard, Bill Haley and the Comets sang..?
The 'devils music'
The first superstar of rock and roll
Elvis
Predecessors of the counterculture of the 1960s and challenged the consumerism in the 50's
The Beatniks
Refused to move to the back of the bus in 1955
Rosa Parks
A young preacher in Montgomery that led and organized an non-violent demonstration
Martin Luther King
The Supreme Court calls for the integration of public schools in 1954
Brown vs. Board of Education - Topeka Kansas
Governor of Arkansas who refused to allow the integration of Central High School in Little Rock
Orville Faubus
Sent in the 101st Airborne to enforce the national commitment to integration
Dwight Eisenhower
In 1956 Eisenhower authorized the __________ which was the largest public works act in the U.S.
Interstate Highway System
The Soviets sent so many tanks and troops into Hungary that American...?
Could not help with the Hungarian Revolution
What would have happened if the U.S. would have invaded Hungry?
World War III.
An independent nation under control of a more powerful nation
Satellite state
Military alliance of the Soviet Union and it's satellite states
Warsaw Pact
Contest in which nations compete to build more powerful weapons. Between the United States and the Soviet Union.
Arms race
Policy of threatening to use massive force in response to aggression
Massive retaliation
Fear that communists were working to destroy the American way of life
the Red Scare
A group of movie writers, directors, and producers who refused to answer HUAC questions about communist ties
Hollywood Ten
A list of people that were not hired due to communist ties
Blacklist
Negative catchword for extreme, reckless charges of disloyalty
McCarthyism
Waved around a fake piece of paper lying that he knew the names of State Department employees who were secretly communist
Joesph McCarthy
The military alliance formed to counterbalance NATO was called
the Warsaw Pact
Why was West Berlin described as a 'bone in the throat' of the Soviet Union?
West Berlin was an outpost of Western European and American influence deep in soviet control
What did Stalin do at the meeting in Potsdam that alarmed Truman?
He refused to allow free elections in Europe
In the Chinese Civil war - the Soviet Union supported the....
Communist led by Mao Zedong.