83 terms

Piano

STUDY
PLAY
Accent Sign
(>) over or under note , play note louder
*Alla Breva
cut time, 2/2
Adagio
slowly
Allegretto
moderately fast
Allegro
fast
Andante
moving along
Apreggio
broken chord, played successively not simultaneously
(accompaniment pattern)
A Tempo
resume original speed
Binary Form
AB
Chromatic Scale
half steps, all keys (black and white)
Coda
an added ending
Crescendo
gradually louder
Cut Time
2/2 time, alla breva
Decrescendo
gradually softer
Diminuendo
gradually softer
Fermata
hold the note for longer than full value
Fine
the end
Flat
lowers note one half step, play note to the left
Forte
loud
Grand Staff
bass and treble staff joined by brace
Harmonic Intervals
distances between notes or keys that are played together
Incomplete Measure
measure at the beginning of a piece with fewer counts than time signature
Intervals
distances between notes and keys
Key Signature
the number of sharps and flats in any key, written at beginning of each line
Legato
smoothly connected
Leger Line
above or below staff to extend range
Melodic Intervals
distance between notes or keys that are played separately
Mezzo Forte
moderately loud
Mezzo Piano
moderately soft
Moderato
moderately
*Molto
much
*Moto
motion
Natural Sign
cancels sharp or flat
Octave
eight scale tones
Pedal Mark
presser damper, hold, release
Phrase
musical thought or sentence
Pianissimo
very soft
Piano
soft
*Poco
little
*Poco Moto
little motion
Repeat Sign
repeat from beginning
*Ritardano
gradually slowing (rit.)
Sharp Sign
raises note half step, to the right
Simile
continue in same manner
Slur
play legato
Staccato
short, detached
Subito
suddenly
Tempo
rate of speed
Ternary Form
ABA
*Tetrachord
series of four notes
whole, whole, half
Tied Notes
same line or space held for combination of those values
Time Signatures
top = how many beats in a measure
bottom= what type gets one beat
Transpose
perform in key other than is written
Triad
three note chord
Vivace
lively
Blues Pattern
IIII IVIV II V IV II
Pitch
highness or lowness of a note
Melody
Primary tune (horizontal)
Ottava Sign
play octave higher or lower
Register
general pitch area (low, middle, high)
Rhythm Patterns
different or repeated rhythms
divide, match, or combine beat
Pitch/Melody Patterns
chromatic
major 5-finger
minor 5-finger
blues
whole tone
pentatonic
Major 5 Finger Pattern
whole whole half whole
Minor 5 Finger Pattern
whole half whole whole
Pentatonic
5 tones
5 black keys
Blues
major with a lowered 3rd and lowered 5th included
Whole Tone
all whole steps
C Major Scale
G Major Scale
G♭ Major Scale
...
Articulation
Legato
Staccato
Harmony
Vertical
vertical/chordal
Tonality
central or home pitch
Harmonic Rhythm
rate at which the chords change
Functional Names (Tonic,etc.)
Tonic
Supertonic
Mediant
Subdominant
Dominant
Submediant
Leading note
Tonic
Chord Progression (Harmonic Progression)
sequence of chords played in particular order
(ex. blues)
Texture
arrangement of harmonic and melodic dimensions
Monophonic (texture)
one melody
Homophonic (texture)
one layer of melody and one supporting accompaniment layer
Heterophonic (texture)
play the same melody
echo, shadow or elaborate melody
Polyphonic (texture)
two independent melodies
Types of accompaniment
Drone bass
Intervalic
Single Note
Block Chord
Broken Chord (waltz =two played together or appregiated=all separated)
Alberti Bass (low high middle high)
Blues Chord
one
flat 3
4
flat 5
5
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