control center; directs all cell activities
boundary of cell; controls what enters and leaves the cell
boundary of plant cell; provides structure
fills up remaining space; jelly-like; where some cell processes take place
powerhouse of the cell; provides energy
receiving and packaging
captures sun to produce sugars (food) for the cell
digests wastes; destroys unwanted or unneeded organelles or substances
a cell that does not contain a membrane bound organelles like bacteria
a cell that contains membrane bound organelles
contains RNA and makes ribosomes
storage area; stores water, wastes, and other materials; larger in plant cells
genetic material (DNA)
The basic unit of life
Created a microscope and "discovered" cells
Schleiden and Schwann
German scientists who found plant and animal cells had similarities
proposed that cells come from preexisting cells
makes up 70% of all cells. Surrounds cells and helps to insulate them.
macromolecule that contain genetic information (DNA and RNA)
Genetic material that controls cell growth, cell reproduction and cell processes
Gentic material that controls the production of proteins
chains of amino acids
Function of protein
communication, cell transport, chemical breakdown of substances, and structural support
does not dissolve in water. stores energy, protective membranes, and cell communication
chains of sugar; provides stored energy, structural support in plants, and communication between cells
all organisms are made of cells, cells are the basic unit of life, cells come from preexisting cells
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