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In order of appearance in the chapter :)

Harry Truman

after FDR, ended WWII and was president through the 1950s

GI Bill of Rights

government provided education training, medical treatment, unemployment insurance, and loans for veterans

Employment Act of 1946

set commitment to full employment and set up a council of economic advisers to advise the president.

Taft-Hartley Act of 1947

an effort to weaken unions by banning closed shops (where nonunion workers cant be hired). Can't boycott, strike, featherbed, or bargain.

"cooling off period"

80 days of rest on any dangerous strike

"right to work" laws

forbids union shops

National Security Act

created a National mil. establishment. Made permanent the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the CIA.

Charter of the UN

UN = delegates from all over the world - keep ideal peace. Consists of GA and Security council

Security Council

remain in permanent session to maintain international peace (war branch of UN). 5 permanent veto powers: US, UK, Chia, USSR, France.

Nuremberg Trials

international military tribunals- trials for Nazi leaders

Iron Curtain

imaginary boundary between democratic W.E and communist E.E

Kennan- U.S Containment Policy

US= policy to contain USSR's expansion (of land and communism)

Truman Doctrine

US will support any nation rebelling against an unjust government => justifies sending aid to Greece and Turkey

Marshall Plan

gave money and supplies to European recovery. To help not one country but to stop hunger poverty and chaos.

NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)

alliance against USSR- attack on one means attack on all

Recognition of Israel as a state

Palestine v Israel

Committee on Civil Rights

investigate violence against African Americans -> to remove the irony with combating Holocaust and still having segregation

Jackie Robinson

first black athlete in the major league

Dixiecrat Rebellion

faction of Democratic party that denounced civil rights and championed states' rights. (Thurmond)

Fair Deal

Newer New Deal-> higher min. wage, expand social security, farm subsidies, public housing (welfare).

Chiang Kai shek

Nationalists - democratic - forced to flee into Taiwan

Mao Tse tung

Communists- forced Nationalists out of China after the civil war


After finding evidence of USSR's atomic tests, we tried to make a hydrogen bomb

National Security council

includes president, secretary of defense, and new subcabinet departments, and secretary of state ** it called for re militarization after finding USSR's bomb --> first Peacetime army

38th Parallel

N/S Korea split here after Japanese left (post WWII). USSR/NK invades SK to reunite = Korean War (see notes about war)

HUAC (House Un-American Activities Committee)

tried people suspected of being communist -> employee loyalty program

Alger Hiss

accused of being a communists by HUAC and convicted

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

leaked bomb info to USSR = arrested


"witch hunt" for communists= mostly scare tactics and not real evidence

loyalty oaths/loyalty program

incite anti- communist hysteria - need to swear loyalty to US

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