40 terms

Health, Illness and Disease Vocabulary

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pain
feeling in your body when you have been hurt or when you are ill,sick
ache
continuous pain; feel a continuous pain
ill
suffering from an illness or disease; not feeling well; sick
sick
physically or mentally ill; wanting to vomit
sore
painful (and often red) because of infection or because a muscle has been used too much
illness
the state of being physically or mentally ill
disease
serious illness, often caused by infection
heal
become healthy again; make something, somebody healthy again, make somebody feel happy again
cure
make somebody or something healthy again after an illness; make an illness go away / medicine or medical treatment that cures an illness / the act of curing or the process of being cured
treat
give medical care or attention to somebody or something; deal with something or somebody
treatment
(the way or process of) curing an illness or injury or making somebody look and feel good / the way of dealing with something or somebody
diagnose
define what an illness or the cause of a problem is
diagnosis
medical description of an illness or condition
injury
harm done to the body, for example in an accident
injure
harm somebody or yourself physically, especially in an accident, receive/suffer an injury
wound
an injury to part of the body, especially one in which a hole is made in the skin
cut
a wound caused by something sharp
bruise
a blue, brown or purple mark on the skin after somebody has fallen, been hurt
scratch
rub your skin with your nails, usually because it's itching/ a mark or a small cut or injury made by scratching
infection
illness caused by bacteria or a virus; the act or process of causing or getting a disease
inflammation
a condition when a part of the body becomes red, sore and swollen because of infection or injury
symptom
a change in your body or mind that shows that you are not healthy
temperature
the measurement of how hot your body is
fever
a medical condition in which someone has a temperature that is higher than normal / a particular type of disease with high temperature
cold
illness affecting the nose and/or throat, making you cough and/or sneeze
flu
a very bad cold, an infectious disease with fever, pains and weakness
vomit
discharge stomach contents through the mouth
medicine
a substance that you drink or swallow so as to cure an illness
antibiotics
medicine that kills bacteria and cures infections
painkiller
kind of medicine that takes away some or all of the discomfort of an illness or injury
blood pressure
the rate at which blood flows through the body
pulse
the regular beat of blood as it is sent around the body
x-ray
a photograph of a somebody's bones and organs
patient
a person staying in a hospital or medical facility
surgery
a place where a doctor or dentist sees patients / medical treatment of injuries or diseases involving cutting open somebody's body
operation
cutting open a part of somebody's body in order to remove or cure a part
operate on somebody (for something)
cut open a part of somebody's body in order to remove or cure a part
operating theatre
a room in a hospital used for medical operations
chemist/pharmacy/drug store
a shop where medicine is sold
prescription
an official piece of paper filled out by a doctor with which you can get medicine from a chemist's shop