One example of a chemical in food that is not a nutrient is
must be obtained through diet.
How many grams of carbohydrate are in a product thatcontains 160 carbohydrate calories?
Which of the following supplies the most amount of protein?
Carbohydrates, proteins and _______ are the macronutrients.
Clinical trials include two groups, an experimental group and a _______ group.
Food habits are usually the last traditions to change when an immigrant adapts to a new culture.
Unlike vitamins, large amounts of minerals cannot be toxic.
All of the following are considered cognitive influences on food choices EXCEPT
following religious rituals
A disadvantage of a double-blind study is that
they are expensive and require large numbers of subjects.
In a study of how vitamin E may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, one group was given a placebo, and the other group was given vitamin E supplements. The group that received the placebo was the
Most people will not believe a health claim without some scientific evidence to support it.
A food that is not considered kosher is
a bird of prey
A hormone can be a lipid.
The Adequate Intakes (AIs) are determined through
observations of healthy individuals.
The FDA has approved the following health claim: High fat diets cause some types of cancer.
Low-sodium diets raise blood pressure
Which term best describes the balance as part of menu planning?
Selecting a variety of foods at each meal
Which of the following would be a meat alternative?
The most appropriate use of DRIs is a tool for planning and evaluating diets for large groups of people.
What is a difference between the food guide pyramid and the MyPyramid food guidance system?
The guidelines reinforcing the importance of physical activity.
What, according to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005, can ensure food safety?
Cooking foods to a safe temperature to kill microorganisms.
A claim that describes the potential effect of a food, food component, or a dietary supplement is a
MyPyramid shows that the foundation of a healthy diet is made up of meat and dairy products.
Which of the following is not one of the 9 key areas addressed in the 2005 Dietary guidelines for Americans?
Genetically modified foods.
The Recommended Dietary Allowance is the daily intake level that meets the needs of most people in a life-stage and gender group
The ______ are the maximum levels of daily nutrient intakes that are unlikely to pose health risks to almost all individuals in the group for whom they are designed.
Tolerable Upper Intake Level(s)
Diets that contain good sources of potassium may reduce the risk of high blood pressure and stroke.
Is the Daily Value on a food label the same as the Dietary Reference Intake for the same nutrient?
No. They are not at all the same.
How many kilocalories are in a meal that has 25 grams of fat, 10 grams of protein, and 70 grams of carbohydrate?
545 kcalories pp 17
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans include all of the following EXCEPT
Do not drink alcohol.
Adequate calcium and Vitamin D along with regular exercise may reduce the risk of osteoporosis
Consuming whole grains may reduce risk of cancer.
Intake of ______ may reduce risk of cancer
citrus fruits, berries, flax
Grapes and red wine contain phytochemicals that appear to reduce the risk of ______
The _____ is an NIH organization established to stimulate, develop and support objective scientific research on complementary and alternative medicine.
Which of the following statements about supplement labels is true?
A good indicator of quality is the USP(Pharmacopeia) mark.
If their access to sunlight is restricted, infants may need supplemental vitamin D
Megadoses are doses of a nutrient ____ or more times the recommended amount
Taking supplemental calcium prior to and during pregnancy can reduce the incidence of birth defects
The ____ decides whether to approve additives.
Direct additives are
substances that are added to food for a special purpose.
Free radicals can have detrimental effects on cells, especially DNA
What is/are the benefit(s) of phytochemicals?
they neutralize free radicals, they modify the way hormones affect the body, some are able to modify estrogen metabolism
Soy may contribute to maintenace of bone health and immune function.
Daily Values are
A set of nutrient intake standards to represent the need of "typical" consumers and used as standards for expressing nutrient content on food labels
The heart pumps fluid through the vascular and lymphatic systems.
Proper functioning of the ileocecal valve is most important
when the chyme passes from the small intestine to the large intestine.
The ______ is the longest part of the small intestine.
The glycemic index measures the effect of a food on blood glucose levels
Cellulose is an insoluble fiber.
This type of dietary fiber gives fruit its body and helps it keep it shape.
Pectins are dietary fibers that are found in skeletal muscle.
The disaccharide that seldom is found in foods, but occurs when starches are broken down is
Carbohydrates contain ___ kilocalories per gram
Although brain cells prefer glucose as their main source of energy, they can adapt to use ketone bodies.
People suffering from phenylketonuria should not take the artificial sweetener
If people have diabetes mellitus, their bodies either do not produce enough _____, or do not use it properly.
Nutritive sweeteners include monosaccharides, disaccharides, and sugar alcohols.
Adult Americans should consume about ___ percent of their energy intake as carbohydrate.
Milk and milk products are rich in _____, a simple carbohydrate
The ______ of a kernel is the part that grows into a new plant.
Lignins are digestible
The body's preferred fuel source is ____________.
Maltose is a
Starch is the major storage form of carbohydrate in plants
Hydrochloric acid is made by stomach glands
What would happen if pepsin was not released in the stomach after eating?
proteins would be not be digested
The correct pathway for bile is the gallbladder, pancreas, small intestine.
Another name for the alimentary canal is the
Which organ does not contribute any enzymes for digestion?
The gallbladder mainly functions to
store and concentrate bile from the liver
Vitamin B12 cannot be absorbed without the presence of
Hormones are not involved in GI regulation.
Doctors recommend that patients with GERD avoid foods such as chocolate and coffee.
Which food would not be a concentrated source of fiber?
The digestion of starch begins in the
After it has done its work, most bile is reabsorbed and returned to the ____ for recycling.
Chronic pain in the upper abdomen is often referred to as ________.
Dietary supplements are
any product taken by mouth that contains so-called dietary ingredients.
Which of the following is not an assisting organ of the GI tract?
Flatus composition depends largely on dietary carbohydrate intake and the activity of the colon''s bacterial population.
There are 2 different pairs of salivary glands
Fatty acids contain the following atoms EXCEPT for
The polyunsaturated fatty acid, linoleic acid, is abundant in
The three main classes of lipids are triglycerides, lipids, and cholesterols.