-The present meta-analytic study aims at investigating the extent to which the activation of stereotype threat is detrimental to stereotyped test takers performance on cognitive ability tests by aggregating the findings on stereotype threat experiments.
-Stereotype threat theory does propose three moderators- stereotype relevance, domain identification, and test difficulty- which are described in the next section and investigated in this study.
-In this meta-analysis, we examine the type of stereotype activation cue- subtle, moderately explicit, or blatant and the type of threat removal strategy (implicit v.s. explicit) as potential moderators.
-In this meta-analysis, we tested the viability of a universal stereotype threat reaction considering potential differential effects of two types of stereotypes (race and gender) related to test performance.
-How the individual think about and evaluate their emotions
-These interesting findings lend partial credence to the theory of stereotype reactance, which posits that stereotyped individuals might percieve a blatant negative stereotype as a limit to their freedom and ability to perform, thereby ironically invoking behaviors that are inconsistent with the stereotype.
-Stereotype threat are also manifested when cognitive ability tests are only moderately difficult (i.e. consisting of items of mixed difficultly) which suggests applicability to many tests used in educational of employment testing settings.