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160 terms

Alvey VOCAB 8

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syn-
with, together, same
anti-
against
a-
(negative prefix)
hypos
under
hyper
over
phone
sound
-ity
(noun suffix denoting state)
-al,-an,-ian,-ic
(suffixes to form adj. from nouns)
martinet
strict, fanatic, excessive, inhuman disciplinarian (always used in a derogatory sense and generally showing resentment and anger on the part of the user, showing contempt for the discipline)
sycophant
bootlicker, toady, flattery to gain approval
sykon
fig
phanein
to show
dia-
through
diaphanous
material so delicate or fine in texture that anything behind it will show through
dilettante
ne who paints, writes, composes, plays a musical instrument, or engages in scientific experiments purely for amusement
dilettare
to delight
dilettantish/dilettantism
superficial / unprofessional
vir
man (male)
virago
a woman that is stereotypically masculine in personality — coarse, aggressive, loud-mouthed, overbearing
chauvinism
excessive or blind patriotism/loyalty; OR an attitude of superiority toward members of the opposite sex
pater, patris
father
patriotic
normally proud of, and devoted to, one's country, or fatherland
paternal
fatherly
paternalism
he philosophy or system of governing a country, or of managing a business or institution, so that the citizens, employees, or staff are treated in a manner suggesting a father-children relationship
paternity
fatherhood, as to question someone's paternity, to file a paternity suit in order to collect child support from the assumed, accused, or self-acknowledged father
patrimony
an inheritance from one's father
onyma
name
patronymic
a name formed on the father's name, like Johnson (son of John),
synonym
a word of the same name (or meaning)
antonym
a word of opposite meaning,
homos
the same
homonym
a word that sounds like another but has a different meaning and spelling, like bare - bear,
archein
to rule
patriarch
a venerable, fatherlike old man
familia
household
paterfamilias
male head of a household
patrician
a member of one of the original citizen families of ancient Rome
patron
a person chosen, named, or honored as a special guardian, protector, or supporter, or one that uses wealth or influence to help an individual, an institution, or a cause
patronize
to act as patron of; provide aid or support for, or to adopt an air of condescension toward; treat haughtily or coolly
padre
Christian clergyman, esp. a priest
-cide
killer, killing
patricide
killing of one's father
mater, matris
mother
matriarch
the mother ruler
maternal
motherly
maternity
motherhood
matron
an older woman, one sufficiently mature to be a mother
matrimony
marriage
matricide
killing of one's mother
alma
soul
alma mater
"soul mother"; actually, the school or college from which one has graduated, and which in a sense is one's intellectual mother
sui
(of) oneslef
suicide
killing oneself (intentionally); both the act and the person who has been completely successful in performing the act (partially doesn't count)
frater, fratris
brother
fratricide
killing of one's brother
fraternize
etymologically, to have a brotherly relationship with (may be used to indicate social intercourse between people, irrespective of sex, as in "Members of the faculty often fraternize after school hours" — and perhaps more commonly, there may be the implication of having a social relationship with one's subordinates in an organization, or even with one's so-called inferiors,
fraternal
brotherly (also non-identical twins)
fraternity
a men's organization in a high school or college, often labeled with Greek letters; or any group of people of similar interests or profession
soror
sister
sororicide
killing of one's sister
sorority
a women's organization in high school or college; or any women's social club
homo
person
homicide
killing of a human being
rex, regis
king
Rex
King
regicide
killing of one's king, president, or other governing official
regal
royal, or fit for a king, hence magnificent, stately, imperious, splendid
regalia
plural noun, formerly designated the emblems or insignia or dress of a king, and now refers to any impressively formal clothes, or, more commonly, to the decorations, insignia, or uniform of a rank, position, office, social club
uxor
wife
uxoricide
killing of one's wife
uxorious
excessively, even absurdly, catering to, doting on, worshiping, and submitting to the most outlandish or outrageous demands of one's wife
maritus
husband
mariticide
killing of one's husband
marital
pertaining to or referring to, or characteristic of, a husband; but the meaning has changed to include the marriage relationship of both husband and wife, as marital duties, obligations, privileges, arguments,
extramarital
literally outside the marriage, as in extramarital affairs
premarital
describes events that occur before a planned marriage
infans, infantis
baby
infanticide
killing of a newborn child
genos
race, kind
genocide
the killing of a whole race or nation
parus
kin, relative
parricide
the killing of either or both parents, or a near relative
monos
one
monomania
excessive concentration on, or obsession with, a single object or idea
mania
madness
dipsomania
morbid compulsion to keep on absorbing alcoholic beverages
klepta
thief
kleptomania
morbid compulsion to steal, not from any economic motive, but simply because the urge to take another's possessions is irresistible
pyros
fire
pyromania
morbid compulsion to set fires THRILL
incendo, incensus
to set fire
incendiarism
the malicious and deliberate burning of another's property REVENGE
ardo, arsus
to burn
arson
in law, setting fire to another's property, or to one's own property, for the purpose of economic gain MONEY
megas
great, big, large
megalomania
morbid delusions of grandeur, power, importance, godliness.
megaphone
the device someone speaks through to make the sound of his voice greater
nymphe
bride
nymphomania
morbid, incessant, uncontrollable, and intense desire, on the part of the female, for sexual intercourse
satyromania
the same morbid incessant, etc. desire on the part of a male,
satyros
satyr
claustrum
enclosure, cloister
phobia
morbid revulsion, dread, or fear
claustrophobia
morbid fear of being physically hemmed in, of enclosed spaces, of crowds
agora
market place
agoraphobia
morbid fear of open space, the reverse of claustrophobia
akros
highest
acrophobia
morbid dread of high places
eikon
religious image
iconoclast
one who attacks religious images or settled beliefs or institutions (sneers at convention and tradition)
klaein
break
theos
god
athiest
one who denies the existence of God
monotheism
belief in one God
polys
many
polytheism
belief in many gods
pan
all
pantheism
belief that God is not in man's image, but is a combination of all forces of the universe
logos
science or study
theology
study of God and religion
gnostos
known
agnostic
one who claims that all but material phenomena is unknown, and, indeed, unknowable
diagnosis
knowing through examination or testing
pro
before
prognosis
a knowing beforehand, hence a prediction, generally but not solely, as to the course of a disease
prognosticate
to forecast developments from a consideration of symptoms or conditions
lechier
to lick
lecher
one who lives in debauchery or inordinate indulgence in sexual activity
libido
desire, pleasure
libidinous
of or pertaining to the sexual instinct
lascivia
wantonness, playfulness
lascivious
indicating sexual desire; inclined to wanton sexual behavior
lubricus
slippery
lubricious
slippery, unstable, shifty, sexually wanton, salacious
lubricate
to apply a substance to diminish friction
licere
to be permitted
licentious
sexually unrestrained; going beyond customary, legal, or moral bounds
license
permitted
illicit
not permitted
lewed
vile
lewd
obscene, indecent, vulgar, worthless
lust
pleasure, desire
lustful
full of or motivated by greed, especially for sexual pleasure
lust
sexual desire or appetite
prurio
to itch, long for
prurient
filled with great sexual curiosity, desire, longing
pruritis
a medical condition in which the skin is very itchy, but without a rash or eruptions
hypochondriac
extreme depression of mind or spirits, often centered on imaginary physical ailments; morbid concern about one's health, especially when accompanied by delusions of physical disease
chondros
cartilage of the breastbone
derma
skin
hypodermic
penetrating under the skin
thyreoeides
(oblong) shield-shaped
hypothyroid
having an underworking thyroid gland
hyperthyroid
having an overworking of the thyroid gland
tensio
to stretch
hypotension
having abnormally low blood pressure
hypertension
having abnormally high blood pressure
kritikos
skilled in judging
hypocritical
pretending to have virtuous moral standards one does not possess
hypercritical
excessively fault-finding