List the three major divisions in a typical large police department
Patrol, Traffic, Detective
List 4 elements that can influence police discretion
Police culture Community resources The offender characteristics The problems that need to be focused on in the community Plus administrative power
List three DISTINCT types of activities traffic police engages in according to the notes
Enforcement of traffic laws Assistance to public Regulating Traffic
In one sentence: What is police discretion?
Police discretion is the officer's choice on how to handle a matter; he makes the decision, like to make an arrest or to not arrest.
List TWO positive and TWO negative aspects of police discretion
The positives are that police can pick and choose the real problem and what to focus on. Also it can bring the community and police closer and stop police from being "suspicious" and "overzealous". The negatives are that important problems to the police and the communities can be very different. Another is it causes confusion on when and where a crime is enforced
What benefits can a police department receive from using crime analyst to analyze crime data?
It can help them keep track of offenders and types of crimes. It can also create important statistics. All of the information can be used to prevent a crime, solve it, and help victims. And catch offenders
What roles do patrol officer's play in the investigative process of crimes (at least three)?
They figure out that a crime has been committed. Look for clues. Look for suspects. Press Charges. Make Arrest. Secure crime scene
Explain the Kansas City experiement. How were they able to study effectiveness of routine preventative patrols?
They had sections of different patrols. The patrols were no action, proactive, and routine patrol. They looked at the aspects of 1. Citizens fear of crime 2. Citizens attitude towards the police 3. Actual victimization 4. Response time. They showed is no difference in any way you patrol. No more effectiveness of each other.
List - from lowest through highest - the chain of command for a major law enforcement agency
First line supervisors (sergeants) to Middle managers (captains and lieutenants) to Administrators (majors, assistants) to patrol