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Adolf Hitler

Believed that Germans belonged to a so-called Aryan race, superior to all others

Hitler's Plan

Conquer Soviet Union, resettle German peasants there and use the Slavic people as slave labor to build the Third Reich


Part of Germany, it was a demilitarized area; Hitler sent troops in


area not permitted to have weapons or fortifications


satisfying reasonable demands of dissatisfied powers to achieve stability/peace

Benito Mussolini

Dreamed of a new Roman Empire, invaded Ethiopia, sent troops to Spain

Rome-Berlin Axis

Agreement between Italy and Germany recognizing their common political and economic interests

Anti-Comintern Pact

Germany and Japan, promising a common front against communist


Union with Austrasia. Threatened with invasion forced annexation


an area un northwestern Czechoslovakia inhabited largely by Germans (Hitler demanded that Germany he given the area)

Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact

Soviet Union and Germany agreed not to attack each other; gave Hitler freedom to attack Poland

Start of World War I

September 1, 1939, Germany attacks Poland, 2 days later Britain and France declare war on Germany

Mukden incident

1931 Japanese soldiers disguised as Chinese attack a Japanese Railway; use this as an excuse


Formally known as Manchuria, Japanese control

Chiang Kai-shek

Tried to avoid conflict with japan, greater threat from the Communist

. The New Asian Order

Japan attempt to control Asia and teach Asians how to modernize


Restrictions intended to enforce international law

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